Social realism (american)_final


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Social realism (american)_final

  1. 1. Kristen SimpsonMaggie PhillipsSarah Messer
  2. 2.  1920s-1940s Art with social commentary EverydayAmericans
  3. 3. Positive NegativeMade Americans face harshrealitiesSometimes offended thosepicturedHelped America through theGreat DepressionMisunderstood,underappreciated,considered ugly*More positive reactions to Regionalism (happier, proud,hardworking Americans) than to American Scene painting,photography & other commentary focused works, although allconsidered Social Realism
  4. 4.  Ashcan School Artists often traveled toFrance to study Artists often left-wing &politically active Mexican Muralists Great Depression New Deal Federal ArtProject Regionalism/SecondWave Newspaper MuckrakersDetroitIndustry,Rivera19333CliffDwellers,Bellows1913
  5. 5.  Lithuanian immigrant > NYC Worked with Diego Rivera Politically active, socialcommentary Trademark jagged nervous linesThe Passion of Sacco & Vanzetti, c. 1932Martin Luther King Jr. Lithograph, c. 1965
  6. 6.  Born onMidwestfarm Regionalism Art was easytounderstand& relate to Patriotic PopularduringlifetimeAmerican Gothic, c. 1930 Woman with Plants, c. 1929
  7. 7.  Missouri native Regionalism Painted murals, farm landscapes & hardworking Midwesterners Mentor to Jackson Polluck Combined modern & traditional art principles Strong, unapologetic style & personalityAmerican Historical Epic c. 1928
  8. 8.  Photographer Interest grew – Great Depression Farm Security Administration Reports of all life Establish migrant camps Get subjects help Internment camps
  9. 9.  Dorothea Lange
  10. 10.  Florence Owens Thompson
  11. 11.  Contrast of EuropeanGothic Architectureand AmericanFarmhouse Staged the perfectAmerican farm couple
  12. 12.  Won 3rd place at an ArtShow American Gothicbecame an AmericanIcon Wood gainedrecognition from thispainting
  13. 13.  Ben Shahn, c. 1932 Inspired by case of 2 executed Italian-Americansaccused of armed robbery Evidence distorted & destroyed by state Sentenced & electrocuted anyway
  14. 14.  Depicts protestors, lawyers, & judges Racism, corruption of the judicial system Comparisons to Christ Theme of martyrdom & injustice
  15. 15.  Painter/printmaker Satire Studio in Bostonslums Themes of politicalcorruption Criticized by Pres.Eisenhower Pope was a fan,“always welcome inthe VaticanMuseum”Election Night, c. 1969
  16. 16.  Painter from Kansas Rural Midwest Important in Regionalism Generally conservative inpolitical content Observed & captured what hesaw, accidentally controversial Popular amoung Americans,but not as much with nativeKansans, who often thoughtthey were being made fun ofComedy, c. 1934
  17. 17.  Important Farm SecurityAdministrationphotographer Goal to makephotographs "literate,authoritative,transcendent“ Works were icons of themisery & poverty duringthe Great DepressionAlabama Tenant Farmer, c. 1936
  18. 18.  Painter “DynamicCubism” Focused onexposing AfricanAmericanstruggles Trademarklively, decorativemasks Harlem NYCMigration Series, Panel 1, c. 1940-41
  19. 19.  Cartoonist/ painter/ lithographer/ muralist Focused on human tragedy caused by injustice Involved in Communist movementYoungstown Strike, c. 1937
  20. 20.  Search for truth Reality TV Motivated social change Art should be about expressing one’ssurroundings, NOT abstract ideas Art should be easy to understand bythe public “Art as a weapon”