11. vitamins

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11. vitamins

  1. 1. HEALTH EDUCATION VITAMINS
  2. 2. VITAMINS <ul><li>organic substances that are found in our food </li></ul><ul><li>provide the energy necessary for our body </li></ul><ul><li>essential for normal growth and maintenance of our health </li></ul><ul><li>6 kinds - A, B, C, D, E and K </li></ul><ul><li>Basically broadly classified into two types - water-soluble and fat-soluble vitamins </li></ul><ul><li>Vitamins ‘B’ and ‘C’ are water-soluble </li></ul><ul><li>Vitamins ‘A’, ‘D’, ‘E’ and ‘K’ are fat-soluble </li></ul>
  3. 3. VITAMIN A FAT-SOLUBLE <ul><li>Sources : Eggs, carrots, cod liver oil, butter, milk, cabbage, papaya, ripe mango </li></ul><ul><li>Helps in : Normal growth & development, normal night vision, anti-infective </li></ul><ul><li>Deficiency disease : Retarded growth, night blindness, dry scale skin, bronchitis, xerophthalmia </li></ul>
  4. 4. VITAMIN B WATER-SOLUBLE <ul><li>Sources : Tomato, meat, green vegs, peanut, potato, whole grain cereals, </li></ul><ul><li>Helps in : Proper carbohydrate metabolism, healthy nervous system </li></ul><ul><li>Deficiency disease : Pellagra, dermatitis, diarrhoea </li></ul>
  5. 5. VITAMIN B1 VITAMIN F- THIAMINE <ul><li>Sources : Liver, potato, meat, Soya beans, milk, whole grain cereals </li></ul><ul><li>Helps in : Growth, appetite, normal intestine, nerve, muscle function </li></ul><ul><li>Deficiency disease : Beri beri, loss in weight and appetite, defective carbo -hydrate metabolism </li></ul>
  6. 6. VITAMIN B2 RIBOFLAVIN <ul><li>Sources : Green vegs, liver, heart, chicken, milk, Soya beans, cheese </li></ul><ul><li>Helps in : Growth, healthy skin, mouth and eyes </li></ul><ul><li>Deficiency disease : Retarded growth, dim vision, keratitis, blistered tongue </li></ul>
  7. 7. VITAMIN B6 WATER-SOLUBLE <ul><li>Sources : Fish, meat, milk, dry fruits, liver, pulses, whole grain cereals </li></ul><ul><li>Helps in : Proper metabolism of amino acids, disease resistance, anti - emetic </li></ul><ul><li>Deficiency disease : Anaemia, poor resistance against diseases, atrophied lymph tissue </li></ul>
  8. 8. VITAMIN B12 CYANOCOBALAMINE <ul><li>Sources : Eggs, liver, meat, milk, cheese </li></ul><ul><li>Helps in : For R.B.Cs, nitrogen metabolism, healthy nervous system </li></ul><ul><li>Deficiency disease : Pernicious Anaemia </li></ul>
  9. 9. VITAMIN C WATER – SOLUBLE, ANTI-SCERBUTIC <ul><li>Sources : Guava, tomato, orange, lemon, cabbage, grapes, amla, green vegs </li></ul><ul><li>Helps in : growth, good gums, teeth, rapid healing, resistance against flu and colds </li></ul><ul><li>Deficiency disease : Scurvy, swollen gums, bursting of capillaries </li></ul>
  10. 10. VITAMIN D FAT-SOLUBLE, ANTI RICKETS <ul><li>Sources : Egg, cod liver oil, fish, milk, butter, sunlight </li></ul><ul><li>Helps in : Proper utilization of calcium,phosphorus , formation of bones, teeth </li></ul><ul><li>Deficiency disease : Rickets, poor growth, weak teeth, bones, tooth decay </li></ul>
  11. 11. VITAMIN E FAT-SOLUBLE, ANTI-STERILITY <ul><li>Sources : Egg, apple, butter, banana, milk, oats, wheat germ oil, Soya beans, green vegs </li></ul><ul><li>Helps in : Normal reproduction, muscular coordination </li></ul><ul><li>Deficiency disease : Sterility, muscular paralysis </li></ul>
  12. 12. VITAMIN K FAT-SOLUBLE, COAGULATION <ul><li>Sources : Tomato, meat, liver, vegetable oils, green vegs, Soya beans </li></ul><ul><li>Helps in : Normal blood coagulation and liver functioning </li></ul><ul><li>Deficiency disease : Haemorrhage </li></ul>

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