Ch 1 Intro Ap

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Ch 1 Intro Ap

  1. 1. Welcome to Anatomy/Physiology! <ul><li>Please do the following : </li></ul><ul><li>Pick up book near flag </li></ul><ul><li>Pick up paperwork: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Index card </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Syllabus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Calendar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety Contract </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ch. 1 Crossword </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Find your seat & fill out card. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Name </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Book # </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Condition of book – be specific, you’re responsible for damage. </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. Syllabus & Calendar <ul><li>Parent Signature due by Friday! </li></ul><ul><li>College Credit Now </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recognized by Chemeketa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$25 each quarter (Winter & Spring) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equivalent to Bi 071 & 072 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recommended for A & B grades </li></ul></ul><ul><li>You are responsible for knowing due dates: see calendar, board, website, etc. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Chapter 1-The Human Body: An Orientation <ul><li>Levels of Study </li></ul><ul><li>Gross Anatomy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Large structures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Easily observable </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Microscopic Anatomy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Very small </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only viewed with a microscope </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. A vs P <ul><li>Anatomy = Structure Physiology = Function </li></ul><ul><li>Form = Function ; Can’t have one w/o the other! </li></ul><ul><li>Life Functions : • Survival Needs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintaining boundaries - Nutrients </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Movement - Oxygen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Responsiveness - Water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Digestion - 98.6 º F/37 º C </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Metabolism - atmospheric pressure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Excretion - pH </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reproduction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Growth </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Homeostasis <ul><li>Maintaining stability </li></ul><ul><li>Internal balance </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamic equilibrium </li></ul><ul><li>Control Mechanisms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nervous and Endocrine systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nerves and hormones carry info </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 components </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Receptor </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Control Center </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Effector </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most are negative; shuts off </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Organ Systems – Which is What? <ul><li>Cardiovascular </li></ul><ul><li>Digestive </li></ul><ul><li>Endocrine </li></ul><ul><li>Integumentary </li></ul><ul><li>Lymphatic </li></ul><ul><li>Muscular </li></ul><ul><li>Nervous </li></ul><ul><li>Reproductive </li></ul><ul><li>Respiratory </li></ul><ul><li>Skeletal </li></ul><ul><li>Urinary </li></ul><ul><li>Heart, Veins, Arteries </li></ul><ul><li>Guts, metabolism </li></ul><ul><li>Hormones </li></ul><ul><li>External covering </li></ul><ul><li>Plasma return, Immune </li></ul><ul><li>Muscles </li></ul><ul><li>Brain, nerves, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Production of offspring </li></ul><ul><li>Air exchange </li></ul><ul><li>Bones </li></ul><ul><li>Excretes nitrogenous waste </li></ul>
  7. 7. Language of Anatomy <ul><li>Anatomical Position </li></ul><ul><li>Directional Terms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anterior / Posterior </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Superior / Inferior </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medial / Lateral </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intermediate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proximal / Distal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Superficial / Deep </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Know Regional terms </li></ul><ul><li>The wrist is __ to the hand. </li></ul><ul><li>The breastbone is __ to the spine. </li></ul><ul><li>The brain is __ to the spinal cord. </li></ul><ul><li>The lungs are __ to the stomach. </li></ul><ul><li>The thumb is __ to the fingers. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Body Planes & Sections <ul><li>Sagittal – longitudinal into Left & Right </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Also called Midsagittal or Median if equal </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Frontal – longitudinal into front & back </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Also called Coronal </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Transverse – horizontal into top & bottom </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Also called Cross section </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Body Cavities <ul><li>Dorsal Body Cavity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Well protected by bone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cranial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spinal </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ventral Body Cavity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Less protected </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thoracic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Abdominal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pelvic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Abdominopelvic) </li></ul></ul>Spinal
  10. 10. Body Divisions <ul><li>Medical Anatomist </li></ul><ul><ul><li>4 quadrants - 9 regions </li></ul></ul>Only relates to the abdominopelvic cavity
  11. 11. Anterior Body Landmarks <ul><li>Abdominal </li></ul><ul><li>Acromial </li></ul><ul><li>Antecubital </li></ul><ul><li>Axillary </li></ul><ul><li>Brachial </li></ul><ul><li>Buccal </li></ul><ul><li>Carpal </li></ul><ul><li>Cervical </li></ul><ul><li>Coxal </li></ul><ul><li>Crural </li></ul><ul><li>Digital </li></ul><ul><li>Femoral </li></ul><ul><li>Fibular </li></ul><ul><li>Inguinal </li></ul><ul><li>Nasal </li></ul><ul><li>Oral </li></ul><ul><li>Orbita; </li></ul><ul><li>Patellar </li></ul><ul><li>Pelvic </li></ul><ul><li>Pubic </li></ul><ul><li>Sternal </li></ul><ul><li>Tarsal </li></ul><ul><li>Thoracic </li></ul><ul><li>Umbilical </li></ul>
  12. 14. Posterior Body Landmarks <ul><li>Acromial </li></ul><ul><li>Brachial </li></ul><ul><li>Cephalic </li></ul><ul><li>Crural </li></ul><ul><li>Cubital </li></ul><ul><li>Deltoid </li></ul><ul><li>Dorsum </li></ul><ul><li>Femoral </li></ul><ul><li>Gluteal </li></ul><ul><li>Lumbar </li></ul><ul><li>Occipital </li></ul><ul><li>Perineal </li></ul><ul><li>Plantar </li></ul><ul><li>Popliteal </li></ul><ul><li>Sacral </li></ul><ul><li>Scapular </li></ul><ul><li>Sural </li></ul><ul><li>Vertebral </li></ul>
  13. 15. Sural Deltoid Scapular

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