Singapore 2012

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Singapore 2012

  1. 1. Top-line Indicators 1Comparison with Selected Countries/Regions 2Population 4Labour Force 6National Income 8Balance of Payments 9Investment in Singapore and Abroad 10Research and Development 11Companies and Businesses 12Manufacturing 13Utilities 14Construction and Real Estate 15Services 16External Trade 16Transport and Communications 18Tourism 19Finance 20Government Finance 22Prices 23Consumer Durables 24Education 24Health 26Environment 27Culture and Recreation 28© Singapore Department of Statistics
  2. 2. TOP-LINE INDICATORSAbout Singapore 2010 2011Land Area (sq km) 712.4 714.3Average Temperature (°C) Maximum 31.9 31.3 Minimum 24.9 24.7Total Rainfall (mm) 2,075 2,525 Social Indicators 2010 2011Total Population (‘000) 5,076.7 5,183.7Singapore Residents (‘000) 3,771.7 3,789.3Population Density (per sq km) 7,126 7,257Median Age (years) 37 38Literacy Rate (%) 96 96Mean Years of Schooling 10.1 10.2Home Ownership (%) 87.2 88.6Doctors Per 10,000 Population 17 18Crime Rate (per 100,000 population) 653 606 Economic Indicators 2010 2011Gross Domestic Product1 ($ billion) 310.0 326.8Per Capita Gross National Income1 ($) 60,009 61,692Real Economic Growth Rate (%) 14.8 4.9Productivity Growth (%) 11.1 1.0Inflation Rate (%) 2.8 5.2Total Output of Manufacturing Sector ($ billion) 273 285Total External Trade ($ billion) 902 974International Visitor Arrivals (million) 11.6 13.2Air Cargo Handled (‘000 tonnes) 1,814 1,865Sea Cargo Handled (million tonnes) 503 531Container Throughput (million TEUs) 28.4 29.9Money Supply (M1) ($ million) 112,466 129,119Official Foreign Reserves ($ million) 288,954 308,403Domestic Government Debt ($ million) 321,182 354,0231 At current market prices. TEU=Twenty-foot Equivalent Unit. Singapore in Figures 2012 1
  3. 3. COMPARISON WITH SELECTED C OMPARISON COUNTRIES/REGIONS Selected Economic Indicators, 2009 Singapore Australia Canada Hong Japan Korea, New Taiwan United United Kong Republic of Zealand Kingdom States Real Growth in GDP (%) -1.0 2.3 -2.8 -2.7 -6.3 0.3 0.8 -1.8 -4.4 -3.5 Per Capita GNI (US$) 35,225 43,978 39,104 30,741 40,861 17,467 26,027 16,901 35,714 45,301 Unemployment Rate (%) 3.0 5.0 8.3 5.3 5.1 3.91 5.81 5.9 7.81 9.3 Labour Force Participation Rate (%) Males 76 72 72 69 72 741 751 66 711 72 Females 55 59 63 53 49 511 621 50 571 59 Inflation Rate (%) 0.6 1.8 0.3 0.5 -1.4 2.8 2.1 -0.9 2.2 -0.4 Source: Official statistical publications and websites UNSD National Accounts Main Aggregates Database Note: There may be differences in the data definitions or data collection methods among different countries/regions. Users should refer to official data sources for more information, where necessary. 1 As at end June Selected Social Indicators, 2009 Singapore Australia Canada Hong Japan Korea, New Taiwan United United Kong Republic of Zealand Kingdom States Population (million) 5.0 22.0 33.7 7.0 127.5 48.8 4.3 23.1 61.8 307.4 Life Expectancy at Birth (years) Males 78.9 79.3 78.51 79.7 79.6 77.0 78.8 76.0 78.2 76.0 Females 83.7 83.9 83.11 85.9 86.4 83.8 82.7 82.3 82.3 80.9 Infant Mortality Rate (per 1,000 live-births) 2.1 4.3 5.11 1.7 2.4 3.2 4.9 4.1 4.6 6.4 Total Fertility Rate (per female) 1.22 1.90 1.67 1.04 1.37 1.15 2.12 1.03 1.94 2.01 Doctors Per 10,000 Population 17 31 20 18 22 1 201 31 19 7 27 Home Ownership (%) 89 681 65 52 611 56 3 672 88 70 67 Source: Official statistical publications and websites Note: There may be differences in the data definitions or data collection methods among different countries/regions. Users should refer to official data sources for more information, where necessary. 1 Refer to 2008 2 Refer to 2006 3 Refer to 2005 2 Singapore in Figures 2012 Singapore in Figures 2012 3
  4. 4. POPULATION Population and Growth Rate Total Singapore Total Singapore Population Residents Population Residents Growth Growth Thousand Per Cent Census 1980 2,413.9 2,282.1 1.5 1.3 1990 3,047.1 2,735.9 2.3 1.7 2000 4,027.9 3,273.4 2.8 1.8 Mid-Year Estimates 2009 4,987.6 3,733.9 3.1 2.5 2010 (Census) 5,076.7 3,771.7 1.8 1.0 2011 5,183.7 3,789.3 2.1 0.5 Note: Total population comprises Singapore residents and non-residents. Singapore resident population omprises Singapore citizens and permanent residents. c Ethnic Composition of the Resident Population, 2011 Chinese 74.1% Malays 13.4% Indians Others 9.2% 3.3%4 Singapore in Figures 2012
  5. 5. POPULATIONAge Pyramid of the Resident Population, 2001 and 2011 Age Group Male (Years) Female 10.2 85 & Over 20.9 6.5 12.1 16.6 80 - 84 25.6 9.3 14.6 29.1 75 - 79 37.8 19.0 23.5 46.1 70 - 74 53.9 31.9 37.1 54.1 65 - 69 58.3 42.8 46.9102.8 60 - 64 105.4 57.7 60.8130.7 55 - 59 130.0 62.4 63.1155.4 50 - 54 152.7112.4 111.4163.0 45 - 49 161.0138.5 136.0150.7 40 - 44 155.9160.6 157.4154.1 35 - 39 162.1161.7 161.2141.9 30 - 34 155.6139.0 147.7127.1 25 - 29 135.5126.8 136.0128.2 126.8107.4 20 - 24 107.2132.6 128.2108.9 15 - 19 102.0123.4 117.1127.5 10 - 14 119.5106.0 102.1130.8 5-9 123.3 95.9 92.4115.5 0-4 107.5 165 110 55 0 0 55 110 165 Persons (‘000) Persons (‘000) End June 2011 End June 2001 Singapore in Figures 2012 5
  6. 6. POPULATION Singapore Residents by Marital Status, 2011 Total Males Females Per Cent Total (Aged 15 & Over) 100.0 00.0 1 100.0 Single 32.1 34.5 29.9 Married 59.6 61.5 57.7 Widowed 5.0 1.7 8.2 Divorced/Separated 3.3 2.3 4.2 Vital Rates Crude Crude Infant Total Birth Rate Death Rate Mortality Rate Fertility Rate Per 1,000 Population Per 1,000 Per Female Live-births 1980 17.6 4.9 8.0 1.82 1990 18.2 4.7 6.6 1.83 2000 13.7 4.5 2.5 1.60 2009 9.9 4.3 2.2 1.22 2010 9.3 4.4 2.0 1.15 2011 9.5 4.4 2.0 1.20 LABOUR FORCE Labour Force (as at June) 2010 2011 Resident Labour Force (‘000) 2,047.3 2,080.1 Employed 1,962.9 1,998.9 Unemployed 84.4 81.2 Resident Labour Force Participation Rate (%) 66.2 66.1 Males 76.5 75.6 Females 56.5 57.0 Resident Unemployment Rate (Seasonally Adjusted) (%) 3.1 3.06 Singapore in Figures 2012
  7. 7. LABOUR FORCEOccupational Distribution 2010 2011 ThousandEmployed Residents (Aged 15 & Over) 1,962.9 1998.9 Admin & Managerial 335.2 355.9 Professional 312.6 273.5 Technical & Associate Professional 373.4 413.9 Clerical 240.5 245.2 Service & Sales 246.4 248.0 Production & Related 386.2 392.9Employment Structure by Industry 2010 2011 ThousandEmployed Residents (Aged 15 & Over) 1,962.9 1,998.9 Manufacturing 291.4 292.4 Construction 104.0 99.7 Wholesale & Retail Trade 281.7 300.5 Transportation & Storage 191.3 192.0 Accommodation & Food Services 128.9 135.2 Information & Communications 99.9 85.4 Financial & Insurance Services 126.0 145.5 Business Services 253.5 271.6 Community, Social & Personal Services 448.6 453.1Selected Labour Market Indicators 2006 2010 2011Average Weekly Hours Worked 46.2 46.2 46.2Average Monthly Nominal Earnings 3,554 4,089 4,334 ($/employee) Manufacturing1 na 4,264 4,484 Construction1 na 3,118 3,268 Services1 na 4,131 4,383Changes in Productivity (%) 2.0 11.1 1.0 Goods Producing Industries 2.8 24.5 5.5 Services Producing Industries 1.9 6.1 -0.5Average Monthly Recruitment Rate (%) 2.8 2.8 2.7Average Monthly Resignation Rate (%) 2.0 2.0 2.01 Data are classified according to the Singapore Standard Industrial Classification (SSIC) 2010. Singapore in Figures 2012 7
  8. 8. NATIONAL INCOME National Income Gross Per Gross Gross National Capita National Domestic Income GNI Saving Product (at Current Market Prices) (at 2005 Market Prices) Million Dollars Dollars Million Dollars 2007 259,082.6 56,462 128,782.2 247,169.5 2008 256,154.7 52,931 116,283.8 251,374.0 2009 255,542.1 51,235 112,815.4 248,911.2 2010 304,646.4 60,009 144,291.7 285,658.5 2011 319,793.6 61,692 145,019.7 299,624.7 Gross Domestic Product Growth in Real GDP Share in Nominal GDP 2010 2011 2010 2011 Annual Percentage Change Percentage Share Total 14.8 4.9 100.0 100.0 Goods Producing Industries 24.7 6.8 27.9 26.6 Manufacturing 29.7 7.6 22.1 20.9 Construction 3.9 2.6 4.3 4.2 Services Producing Industries 11.1 4.4 68.1 69.0 Wholesale & Retail Trade 15.1 1.1 17.9 17.4 Transportation & Storage 7.9 4.7 8.6 8.2 Accommodation & Food Services 12.2 5.8 2.2 2.4 Information & Communications 3.4 1.5 3.6 3.6 Finance & Insurance 12.4 9.1 11.5 11.9 Business Services 6.2 2.7 13.7 14.1 Expenditure on Gross Domestic Product (at Current Market Prices) 2006 2010 2011 ercentage Distribution P Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 Private Consumption Expenditure 38.8 38.4 39.4 Government Consumption Expenditure 10.3 10.5 10.3 Gross Fixed Capital Formation 21.7 24.2 23.4 Changes in Inventories -0.5 -2.1 -1.0 Net Exports of Goods & Services 29.4 28.4 26.7 Statistical Discrepancy 0.3 0.5 1.28 Singapore in Figures 2012
  9. 9. NATIONAL INCOMEIncome Components of GDP at Current Market Prices 2006 2010 2011 Percentage DistributionTotal 100.0 100.0 100.0 Compensation of Employees 40.1 41.4 42.3 Gross Operating Surplus 53.7 51.6 50.5 Taxes less Subsidies on 5.9 7.2 8.2 Production & on Imports Statistical Discrepancy 0.2 -0.2 -1.0 BALANCE OF PAYMENTSBalance of Payments 2006 2010 2011 Million DollarsA Current Account Balance 56,652.2 75,686.7 71,679.5 Goods Balance 79,661.6 86,033.6 84,840.5 Exports of Goods 446,850.0 505,937.3 540,049.1 Imports of Goods 367,188.4 419,903.7 455,208.6 Services Balance -11,524.5 2,083.9 2,319.8 Exports of Services 93,669.7 136,367.6 142,868.0 Imports of Services 105,194.2 134,283.7 140,548.2 Primary Income Balance -8,333.6 -5,390.4 -7,038.8 Secondary Income Balance -3,151.3 -7,040.4 -8,442.0B Capital and Financial Account Balance -30,819.7 -17,626.8 -50,360.5 Financial Account (Net) -30,819.7 -17,626.8 -50,360.5 Direct Investment 28,701.1 37,389.9 48,771.4 Portfolio Investment -20,756.4 -36,705.4 -36,131.6 Financial Derivatives -9,563.0 -13,114.4 -13,979.8 Other Investment -29,201.4 -5,196.9 -49,020.5C Net Errors and Omissions 1,163.2 -579.4 168.7D Overall Balance (A+B+C) 26,995.7 57,480.5 21,487.7E Official Reserves (Net)1 -26,995.7 -57,480.5 -21,487.71 Increase in assets is indicated by a minus (-) sign. Singapore in Figures 2012 9
  10. 10. INVESTMENT IN SINGAPORE & ABROAD S tock of Foreign Direct Investment in Singapore by Industry* 2005 2009 2010 Million Dollars Total 323,821 573,271 618,576 Manufacturing 103,666 123,004 130,841 Construction 925 2,754 2,160 Wholesale & Retail Trade 54,548 99,409 109,852 Accommodation & 2,044 3,487 3,888 Food Service Activities Transport & Storage 17,652 36,839 37,515 Information & Communications 3,693 5,901 6,749 Financial & Insurance Services 121,659 238,582 263,884 Real Estate Activities 6,680 17,308 19,717 Professional, Scientific & Technical, 12,533 38,223 35,574 Administrative & Support Services Others 422 7,764 8,396 Stock of Singapore’s Direct Investment Abroad by Industry* 2005 2009 2010 Million Dollars Total 202,021 373,112 407,152 Manufacturing 46,501 87,572 97,518 Construction 881 1,808 1,476 Wholesale & Retail Trade 11,215 14,748 16,895 Accommodation & 2,230 3,401 3,641 Food Service Activities Transport & Storage 9,335 10,144 10,209 Information & Communications 10,365 18,320 20,923 Financial & Insurance Services 105,129 185,302 196,502 Real Estate Activities 8,482 26,242 33,135 Professional, Scientific & Technical, 4,125 6,701 8,230 Administrative & Support Services Others 3,757 18,874 18,623 * End of period.10 Singapore in Figures 2012
  11. 11. INVESTMENT IN SINGAPORE & ABROADStock of Singapore’s Direct Investment Abroadby Country/Region, 2010* 70,585 $ Million 32,314 31,173 28,793 27,813 23,748 0 China United Malaysia Australia Indonesia Hong Kong Kingdom Stock of Foreign Direct Investment in Singaporeby Country/Region, 2010* 65,432 60,906 53,938 50,042 $ Million 24,784 24,405 0 United Netherlands Japan United India Switzerland States Kingdom RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENTR&D Manpower, Expenditure and Output 2005 2009 2010Manpower (number) 34,522 41,388 43,164Expenditure ($ million) 4,582 6,043 6,489Output (number) Patents Owned * 3,475 6,067 5,450 Patents Applied 1,594 1,569 1,762 Patents Awarded 877 747 653* End of period. Singapore in Figures 2012 11
  12. 12. COMPANIES & BUSINESSES Formation of Companies and Businesses by Industry, 2011 Companies Businesses Number Total 32,317 23,494 Manufacturing 1,433 1,019 Construction 1,749 1,490 Wholesale & Retail Trade 8,485 7,480 Transportation & Storage 1,193 1,053 Accommodation & Food Service Activities 1,576 1,407 Information & Communications 2,489 1,315 Financial & Insurance Activities 4,881 462 Real Estate Activities 831 197 Professional, Scientific & Technical Activities 4,987 3,560 Administrative & Support Service Activities 1,756 1,570 Education, Health & Social Services 1,547 1,542 Arts, Entertainment, Recreation & 1,043 2,294 Other Service Activities Others 347 105 Cessation of Companies and Businesses by Industry, 2011 Companies Businesses Number Total 19,005 22,976 Manufacturing 979 1,050 Construction 1,033 1,458 Wholesale & Retail Trade 6,212 7,477 Transportation & Storage 806 988 Accommodation & Food Service Activities 952 1,656 Information & Communications 1,355 1,219 Financial & Insurance Activities 2,068 364 Real Estate Activities 539 472 Professional, Scientific & Technical Activities 2,570 3,039 Administrative & Support Service Activities 993 1,549 Education, Health & Social Services 594 1,278 Arts, Entertainment, Recreation 781 2,340 & Other Service Activities Others 123 8612 Singapore in Figures 2012
  13. 13. MANUFACTURINGPrincipal Manufacturing Statistics 2006 2010 2011Establishments (number) 7,892 9,090 naWorkers (number) 381,909 414,176 418,560Materials ($ million) 136,542 151,927 164,892Remuneration ($ million) 15,255 17,987 18,675Operating Cost ($ million) 47,211 63,243 naManufacturing Output ($ million) 229,541 260,011 272,667Total Output ($ million) 237,880 273,050 285,454Value Added ($ million) 54,127 57,880 57,673Net Operating Surplus ($ million) 30,479 32,634 naDirect Exports ($ million) 141,065 178,133 184,676Net Fixed Assets ($ million) 47,524 51,760 naGross Fixed Assets ($ million) 112,856 128,971 naSelected Averages and Ratios in the Manufacturing Sector 2006 2010 2011Remuneration Per Worker ($’000) 39.9 43.4 44.6Manufacturing Output Per Worker ($’000) 601.0 627.8 651.4Value Added Per Worker ($’000) 141.7 139.7 137.8Net Fixed Assets Per Worker ($’000) 124.4 125.0 naRemuneration to Total Output (%) 6.4 6.6 6.5Remuneration to Value Added (%) 28.2 31.1 32.4Value Added to Total Output (%) 22.8 21.2 20.2Direct Exports to Manufacturing Output (%) 61.5 69.1 67.6Direct Exports to Total Sales (%) 62.2 68.9 67.6Indices of Unit Business Cost and Industrial Production 2006 2010 2011 Annual Percentage ChangeUnit Business Cost Indexof Manufacturing (2005 =100) Total 0.6 -5.0 2.6 Unit Labour Cost -2.8 -15.8 -2.5 Services Cost 2.9 2.0 5.2 Government Rates & Fees 2.5 9.1 18.6Industrial Production (2011=100) 11.9 29.7 7.8 Singapore in Figures 2012 13
  14. 14. MANUFACTURING Investment Commitments in Manufacturing and Services by Country of Origin 2010 2011 Fixed Asset Investments (Million Dollars) Total 12,854.2 13,734.3 Local 2,069.6 1,875.4 Foreign 10,784.6 11,858.9 United States 3,311.4 5,047.4 Japan 1,175.8 995.0 Europe 4,819.0 2,131.9 Asia Pacific & Others 1,478.4 3,684.6 UTILITIES Water, Electricity and Gas Sales, 2011 Domestic Non-Domestic Potable Water Sales (mil m3/year) 281.2 197.2 Electricity Sales (gigawatt hours) 7,162.6 34,624.3 Gas Sales 1 Piped (million units) 640.3 953.6 Liquefied Petroleum (net tonnes) 22,512.0 62,532.3 1 One unit is equivalent to one kilowatt hour. CONSTRUCTION & REAL ESTATE Residential Dwellings, 2011 Others HDB Flats 1.5% 76.2% Private Houses 6.1% Private Flats 16.2% Total Units =1,200.9 Thousand14 Singapore in Figures 2012
  15. 15. CONSTRUCTION & REAL ESTATEBuilding Commencement 2006 2010 2011 Number of UnitsPrivate Residential Properties 11,295 17,864 20,736 Square Metres Gross ‘000Commercial Developments Office Space 211 68 254 Shop Space 206 52 170Industrial Developments Factory Space 902 790 1,477 Warehouse Space 364 381 447Stock of Private Residential, Commercial andIndustrial Properties* 2006 2010 2011 Number of UnitsPrivate Residential Properties 233,364 258,243 268,768 Landed 68,410 69,743 70,145 Non-landed 164,954 188,500 198,623 ‘000 Square Metres NettOffice Space 6,529 7,056 7,231Shop Space 3,252 3,415 3,419Factory Space 27,437 30,657 31,259Warehouse Space 5,953 6,958 7,116Supply of Properties in the Pipeline* 2006 2010 2011 Number of UnitsPrivate Residential Properties 53,505 79,477 89,531 Landed 4,452 3,963 3,807 Non-landed 49,053 75,514 85,724 ‘000 Square Metres Gross Office Space 753 1,280 1,114Shop Space 647 505 552Factory Space 3,280 3,439 4,274Warehouse Space 922 685 1,050* End of period. Singapore in Figures 2012 15
  16. 16. SERVICES Operating Receipts of the Services Industries 2005 2009 2010 Million Dollars Total 1,041,549 1,421,416 1,723,127 Wholesale Trade 859,685 1,168,830 1,440,782 Retail Trade 31,744 37,373 37,419 Transport and Storage Services 58,796 72,063 83,750 Accommodation and Food & Beverage Services 6,919 8,931 10,616 Information and Communications Services 24,096 32,816 35,144 Business Services 46,254 80,280 89,604 Community, Recreation and Personal Services 14,055 21,123 25,811 Indices of the Services Industries (at Current Prices) 2006 2010 2011 Annual Percentage Change Retail Sales Index (2010=100) 5.5 -1.0 4.6 Food & Beverage Services Index (2010=100) 4.5 6.2 6.8 Domestic Wholesale Trade Index (2007=100) 11.6 8.9 11.4 Foreign Wholesale Trade Index (2007=100) 12.3 23.8 16.4 EXTERNAL TRADE Total Trade 2006 2010 2011 Million Dollars Total at Current Prices 810,483 902,063 974,396 Exports 431,559 478,841 514,741 Domestic Exports 227,378 248,610 281,350 Oil 59,605 75,011 103,954 Non-Oil 167,773 173,599 177,396 Re-Exports 204,181 230,231 233,392 Imports 378,924 423,222 459,655 Total at 2006 Prices 810,483 967,110 987,453 Exports 431,559 518,916 533,608 Domestic Exports 227,378 264,392 279,770 Oil 59,605 67,021 72,525 Non-Oil 167,773 197,371 207,245 Re-Exports 204,181 254,523 253,838 Imports 378,924 448,194 453,84416 Singapore in Figures 2012
  17. 17. EXTERNAL TRADEMajor Export Markets, 2011 62.8 56.8 53.8 53.7 48.1 $ Billion 27.6 0 Malaysia Hong Kong Indonesia China EU 27 United StatesImports by Commodity Section 2006 2010 2011 Million DollarsFood 6,798 9,290 10,296Beverages & Tobacco 2,318 3,068 3,679Crude Materials 2,629 3,004 3,726Mineral Fuels & Lubricants 74,645 115,592 149,946Animal & Vegetable Oils 471 843 1,481Chemicals & Chemical Products 22,781 28,630 31,882Manufactured Goods 27,870 26,458 30,996Machinery & Equipment 207,068 196,106 188,268 Electronics 142,301 123,202 113,382 Non-electronics 67,034 72,904 74,886Miscellaneous Manufactures 27,776 29,684 32,060Exports by Commodity Section 2006 2010 2011 Million DollarsFood 4,007 5,455 6,663Beverages & Tobacco 2,284 3,257 3,790Crude Materials 2,798 2,820 3,315Mineral Fuels & Lubricants 70,553 103,511 136,774Animal & Vegetable Oils 437 611 546Chemicals & Chemical Products 49,175 56,644 64,777Manufactured Goods 18,436 18,861 20,124Machinery & Equipment 248,392 244,128 235,346 Electronics 198,810 175,660 157,917 Non-electronics 56,162 68,468 77,429Miscellaneous Manufactures 28,794 33,775 36,187 Singapore in Figures 2012 17
  18. 18. TRANSPORT & COMMUNICATIONS Cargo Handled 2006 2010 2011 Air Cargo Handled (tonnes) Discharged 952,876 941,403 983,110 Loaded 958,341 872,406 882,142 Sea Cargo Handled (‘000 tonnes) General 281,393 313,683 335,511 Bulk 167,111 189,659 195,665 Container Throughput (‘000 TEUs) 24,792 28,431 29,938 Postal Articles Handled and Telecommunications 2006 2010 2011 Postal Articles Handled (million) 1,711 2,009 2,086 Subscriptions* (‘000) Fixed Line 1,851 1,984 2,017 Residential 1,092 1,203 1,237 Corporate 759 781 780 Mobile Phone 4,638 7,289 7,755 2G 3,754 2,584 2,000 3G 884 4,705 5,755 Dial-up Internet 1,522 68 58 Broadband 758 7,849 9,222 Residential Wired na na 1,238 Corporate Wired na na 85 Wireless na 6,587 7,899 Total SMS Messages (million) 10,484 27,714 28,947 International Telephone 5,074 12,436 12,287 Call Minutes (million) Motor Vehicle Population and Public Roads* 2006 2010 2011 Motor Vehicle Population (number) 799,373 945,829 956,704 Cars & Station-wagons 465,482 584,399 592,361 Rental Cars 9,235 13,347 13,919 Taxis 23,334 26,073 27,051 Buses 14,120 16,309 17,046 Motorcycles & Scooters 142,736 148,160 146,559 Goods & Other Vehicles 144,466 157,541 159,768 Length of Public Paved Roads (km) 3,262 3,377 3,412 * End of period.18 Singapore in Figures 2012
  19. 19. TOURISMInternational Visitor Arrivals and Gazetted Hotels 2006 2010 2011International Visitor Arrivals (‘000) 9,751.0 11,641.7 13,171.3Available Room Nights (‘000) 10,509.4 10,990.2 12,249.5Standard Average Occupancy Rate (%) 85.2 85.1 86.5Room Revenue ($m) 1,503.9 2,030.3 2,595.8Food and Beverage Revenue ($m) 794.6 1,018.5 1,275.4Major Tourist – Generating Markets, 2011 5,414,250 Number 1,577,522 956,039 868,991 656,417 464,375 0 ASEAN China Australia India Japan Hong KongOutbound Departures of Singapore Residentsby Mode of Transport 2006 2010 2011 NumberTotal 5,533,357 7,342,276 7,752,926 Air 3,739,542 5,617,110 6,082,620 Sea 1,793,815 1,725,166 1,670,306 Singapore in Figures 2012 19
  20. 20. FINANCE Money Supply* 2006 2010 2011 Million Dollars Money Supply (M2) 262,369.8 403,078.2 443,352.8 Money Supply (M1) 52,242.6 112,465.5 129,118.9 Currency in Active Circulation 15,284.7 22,299.5 24,690.3 Demand Deposits of Private Sector 36,957.9 90,166.0 104,428.6 Quasi-Money 210,127.2 290,612.7 314,233.9 Fixed Deposits 141,619.4 154,420.9 160,704.5 Singapore Dollar Negotiable 220.8 20.0 165.0 Certificates of Deposit Savings & Other Deposits 68,287.0 36,171.8 153,364.4 Exchange Rates (Average for the Year) 2006 2010 2011 S$ Per Unit of : Australian Dollar 1.1967 1.2524 1.2971 Chinese Renminbi 0.1993 0.2014 0.1946 Euro 1.9952 1.8095 1.7495 Hong Kong Dollar 0.2045 0.1755 0.1616 Malaysian Ringgit 0.4331 0.4234 0.4111 Pound Sterling 2.9261 2.1073 2.0161 US Dollar 1.5889 1.3635 1.2579 S$ Per 100 Units of : Indian Rupee 3.5089 2.9827 2.7027 Indonesian Rupiah 0.0173 0.0150 0.0143 Japanese Yen 1.3667 1.5543 1.5780 Korean Won 0.1664 0.1180 0.1135 New Taiwan Dollar 4.8870 4.3292 4.2798 Philippine Peso 3.0980 3.0228 2.9038 Thai Baht 4.1905 4.2986 4.1252 Total Assets and Liabilities of Financial Institutions* 2006 2010 2011 Commercial Banks ($ million) 508,449.9 781,607.4 858,697.9 Merchant Banks ($ million) 78,029.3 89,760.3 87,851.0 Asian Currency Units (US$ million) 698,648.5 971,299.4 1,036,202.0 * End of period.20 Singapore in Figures 2012
  21. 21. FINANCELoans and Advances of Domestic Banking Unitsto Non-Bank Customers* 2010 2011 Million DollarsTotal 322,743.8 420,436.8 Loans to Businesses 171,224.5 240,899.7 Manufacturing 10,917.6 19,007.3 Building & Construction1 53,593.9 66,938.5 General Commerce 30,982.9 49,250.1 Transport, Storage & Communication 9,018.1 12,110.2 Financial Institutions 37,984.6 55,249.7 Professional & Private Individuals 3,258.0 4,051.1 - Business Purposes Consumer Loans 151,519.4 179,537.0 Housing & Bridging Loans 112,381.3 131,104.5 Professional & Private Individuals Car Loans 11,678.5 12,743.9 Credit Cards 6,888.9 7,881.61 Includes loans to building and building co-operative societies, building developers and real estate agents.Domestic Interest Rates* 2006 2010 2011 Per Cent Per Annum3-month US$ SIBOR 5.36 0.30 0.583-month Interbank Rate 3.44 0.44 0.38Prime Lending Rate 5.33 5.38 5.383-month Banks’ Deposit Rate 0.57 0.19 0.14Household Sector Balance Sheet* 2005 2009 2010 Million DollarsHousehold Net Wealth 706,533.3 1,051,190.4 1,214,364.6 Total Assets 867,476.6 1,241,660.5 1,426,733.3 Financial Assets 468,647.8 633,689.2 694,333.8 Residential Property Assets 398,828.8 607,971.3 732,399.5 Liabilities 160,943.2 190,470.1 212,368.7 Mortgage Loans 119,340.1 140,179.8 158,480.1 Personal Loans 41,603.1 50,290.3 53,888.6* End of period. Singapore in Figures 2012 21
  22. 22. GOVERNMENT FINANCE Government Operating Revenue 2006 2010 2011 Million Dollars Total 31,072.4 44,581.2 50,985.5 Tax Revenue 28,718.3 40,662.2 46,171.8 Income Tax 14,947.7 18,276.8 20,976.2 Assets Taxes 2,052.0 2,598.3 3,813.3 Taxes on Motor Vehicles 1,723.4 1,892.8 1,868.4 Customs & Excise Duties 1,943.3 2,089.7 2,107.5 Betting Taxes 1,548.3 2,119.6 2,342.7 Stamp Duty 1,311.7 3,096.9 3,259.0 Goods & Services Tax 3,960.1 7,699.3 8,913.9 Others 1,231.8 2,888.9 2,890.7 Fees & Charges 2,120.2 3,778.9 4,472.9 Receipts Other 233.9 140.0 340.8 Government Expenditure 2006 2010 2011 Million Dollars Operating Expenditure 23,463.0 32,754.8 35,010.6 Security & External Relations 11,973.0 14,311.0 13,727.7 Social Development 9,684.6 15,399.7 17,719.8 Education 5,684.6 8,517.4 9,929.0 Health 1,764.4 3,070.4 3,500.6 Community Development, 898.0 1,793.2 1,854.5 Youth & Sports Information, Communications & 320.3 472.7 522.1 the Arts Environment & Water Resources 418.1 660.6 746.4 National Development 599.3 885.4 1,167.2 Economic Development 953.8 1,913.9 2,198.1 Transport 284.1 420.0 481.6 Trade & Industry 459.2 673.0 688.5 Manpower 179.7 745.7 876.3 Info-Communications and 30.8 75.2 151.7 Media Development Government Administration 851.6 1,130.2 1,365.1 Development Expenditure 6,411.5 11,294.6 11,760.822 Singapore in Figures 2012
  23. 23. PRICESConsumer Price Index (2009 =100) 2006 2010 2011 Annual Percentage ChangeAll Items 1.0 2.8 5.2 Food 1.6 1.4 3.1 Clothing & Footwear 0.7 0.5 0.2 Housing 2.7 2.0 8.3 Transport -1.6 10.3 11.9 Communication -1.0 -2.2 -1.5 Education & Stationery 1.9 2.7 2.9 Health Care 0.9 1.9 2.4 Recreation & Others 0.7 1.2 1.4Consumer Price Index for Householdsin Different Income Groups, 2011 (2009 =100) Lowest Middle Highest 20% 60% 20% Annual Percentage ChangeAll Items 4.7 5.1 5.7 Food 3.1 3.1 3.1 Clothing & Footwear 0.3 0.1 0.3 Housing 9.8 8.9 6.9 Transport 7.0 11.2 13.1 Communication -0.9 -1.5 -1.6 Education & Stationery 2.8 2.9 3.0 Health Care 2.3 2.3 2.7 Recreation & Others -4.8 0.6 2.9Producer and International Trade Price Indices (2006=100) 2006 2010 2011 Annual Percentage ChangeDomestic Supply Price Index 5.0 4.7 8.4Singapore Manufactured Products 2.4 1.7 5.3 Price IndexImport Price Index 2.9 0.7 4.8Export Price Index 2.1 1.4 2.3 Singapore in Figures 2012 23
  24. 24. PRICES Property Price Index* (4th Quarter 1998 = 100) 2006 2010 2011 Annual Percentage Change Residential Private Residential Properties 10.2 17.6 5.9 Housing & Development Board Resale Flats 2.0 14.1 10.7 Commercial Office Space 17.0 18.9 13.8 Shop Space 9.5 8.6 5.3 Industrial 6.7 23.7 27.2 * End of period. CONSUMER DURABLES Ownership/Availability of Household Consumer Durables/Services 1998 2003 2008 Per Cent of Households Private Car 35.9 35.4 38.3 Television 98.5 98.3 99.5 Video (VCD/DVD) and CD Player/Recorder1 56.8 82.7 87.8 Pay-TV Subscription 13.5 34.9 44.8 Washing Machine 90.6 92.5 94.7 Air-Conditioner 58.3 71.2 74.7 Telephone Line 96.8 93.1 88.3 Handphone 51.0 88.8 94.5 Personal Computer 47.9 69.7 77.0 Internet Subscription/Access 23.5 55.3 70.0 1 ‘VCD’ refers to Video Compact Disc, ‘DVD’ refers to Digital Versatile Disc and ‘CD’ refers to Compact Disc. EDUCATION Government Recurrent Expenditure on Education Per Student 2006 2010 2011 Dollars Primary Schools 4,243 6,624 6,850 Secondary Schools 6,246 9,008 9,095 Junior Colleges 10,161 12,331 12,309 Institute of Technical Education 10,209 11,839 11,914 Polytechnics 11,903 14,552 14,608 Universities 18,472 20,630 20,80524 Singapore in Figures 2012
  25. 25. EDUCATIONEnrolment in Educational Institutions 2006 2010 2011 NumberTotal 688,310 698,544 689,060 Primary Schools 284,600 263,906 258,293 Secondary Schools 215,097 214,388 207,974 Junior Colleges 30,726 32,420 32,296 Institute of Technical Education 22,954 24,789 25,279 Polytechnics 67,667 83,542 85,111 National Institute of Education 4,348 4,965 4,452 Universities 62,918 74,534 75,655Note: Figures for primary, secondary and junior college exclude private schools.Students and Teachers, 2011 Institutions Students Teachers NumberTotal 369 689,060 42,784 Primary Schools 174 251,165 13,586 Secondary Schools 154 189,735 12,936 Mixed Levels1 15 37,513 2,483 Junior Colleges 13 20,150 1,810 Institute of Technical Education 3 25,279 1,684 Polytechnics 5 85,111 5,013 National Institute of Education 1 4,452 719 Universities 4 75,655 4,553Notes: Figures for primary, secondary and junior college exclude private schools. Except for the Institute of Technical Education, figures for institutions of higher learning include part-time students and teachers.1 Refers to institutions that offer multiple educational levels, namely: primary & secondary (P1-S4/5), secondary & junior college (S1-JC2), and upper secondary & junior college (S3-JC2).Educational Attainment, 2011 Resident Non-students 15-24 25-39 40-54 55 Years Years Years Years & Over Per CentTotal 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 Below Secondary 6.4 7.8 28.7 63.2 Secondary 20.9 13.5 25.6 19.0 Post Secondary (Non-tertiary) 28.4 9.9 10.3 6.3 Diploma and Professional 33.7 22.9 13.1 5.1 Qualification University 10.6 45.9 22.2 6.5 Singapore in Figures 2012 25
  26. 26. HEALTH Per Capita Government Expenditure on Health 737 773 728 561 481 440 Dollar 0 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Major Causes of Death, 2011 Cancer 30.0% Heart & Hypertensive Diseases 21.4% Pneumonia 15.9% Others Cerebrovascular 23.7% Disease 9.0% Registered Health Personnel 2006 2010 2011 Number Doctors 6,931 8,819 9,373 Dentists1 1,323 1,506 1,575 Pharmacists 1,421 1,814 2,013 Registered Nurses 15,452 21,575 23,598 Enrolled Nurses 5,163 7,478 7,869 Registered Midwives 312 287 282 Optometrists and Opticians na 2,419 2,441 1 Refer to those with professional degrees only.26 Singapore in Figures 2012
  27. 27. HEALTHLife Expectancy at Birth 1980 1990 2000 2010 2011 YearsTotal 72.1 75.3 78.0 81.7 82.0 Males 69.8 73.1 76.0 79.2 79.6 Females 74.7 77.6 80.0 84.0 84.3Hospital Beds and Admissions andPublic Sector Outpatient Attendances 2006 2010 2011 NumberHospital Beds 11,527 11,421 11,394 Public Sector 1 8,320 8,881 8,935 Private Sector 3,207 2,540 2,459Hospital Admissions 415,833 450,323 469,445 Public Sector Hospitals1 316,261 343,332 357,026 Private Sector Hospitals 99,572 106,991 112,419Public Sector Outpatient Attendances Specialist Outpatient Clinics 3,624,976 4,023,686 4,234,140 Accident & Emergency Departments 676,763 858,781 934,485 Polyclinics 3,769,989 4,314,496 4,502,043 Dental Clinics 838,466 862,874 863,187Day Surgeries 196,619 229,638 238,0711 Include specialty centres. ENVIRONMENTCarbon Dioxide Emission and Air Quality 2006 2010 2011Absolute CO2 Emissions (kilotonnes) 39,155 43,454 naDays with ‘Good’ Air Quality1 (%) 85 93 96Days with ‘Moderate’ Air Quality1 (%) 14 7 4Days with ‘Unhealthy’ Air Quality1 (%) 1 – –1 Based on Pollutant Standards Index. Singapore in Figures 2012 27
  28. 28. CULTURE & RECREATION Pay TV Subscribers and Cinema Attendances* 2006 2010 2011 Pay TV Subscribers (‘000) 487 802 898 Cinemas (number of screens) 167 167 186 Seating Capacity (‘000) 38 33 36 Attendances (‘000) 15,588 20,317 22,125 National Library Membership and Newspaper Circulation 2006 2010 2011 National Library Membership (‘000) 1,909.5 2,043.2 2,056.0 Total Collections (‘000) 8,447.3 8,446.7 8,678.7 Loan of Library Materials (‘000) 28,563.5 33,181.3 36,624.2 Daily Newspaper Circulation (number) 1,439,390 1,525,430 1,498,078 The Arts 2005 2009 2010 Performing Arts Total Performances1 (number) 6,102 7,807 7,618 Ticketed Performances (number) 2,626 3,414 3,378 Ticketed Attendances (‘000) 1,190.0 1,400.0 1,377.9 Visual Arts Exhibitions (number) 568 915 999 1 Include both ticketed and non-ticketed performances. Utilisation of Sports Facilities 2006 2010 2011 Number Attendances Swimming Pool 6,490,711 7,163,669 6,939,334 Gymnasium 1,299,384 1,823,321 1,984,865 Bookings Badminton 319,935 401,390 472,852 Tennis 117,412 115,900 129,244 Table-tennis 45,350 61,081 72,710 Squash 17,015 25,119 32,902 Soccer 18,391 19,687 24,122 * End of period.28 Singapore in Figures 2012
  29. 29. NOTATIONS na not available- nil or negligible$ Singapore Dollars (unless otherwise stated)NOTESFigures may not add up to the totals due to rounding. Some figures, particularly those forthe most recent time periods, are provisional and may be subject to revision. SIF ONLINESoftcopy of Singapore in Figures 2012 is available athttp://www.singstat.gov.sg/pubn/reference/sif2012.pdfREFERENCES• Statistics can be obtained through the SingStat website (http://www.singstat.gov.sg).• A glossary of terms and definitions used for economic and population statistics is available at http://www.singstat.gov.sg/statsres/resources.html#glossaryELECTRONIC SERVICES• SingStat Time Series (STS) Online System is a web-based, user-friendly time series retrieval system containing historical and current time series data on the Singapore economy and society.• SingStat Express sends to subscribers email or SMS notifications of the latest statistical releases.• The SingStat RSS feed delivers statistical news highlights and hyperlinks to the source documents whenever the updates are posted.• Data on SMS is a free mobile service for local data users to receive the latest data for key indicators via SMS.Information on subscription to these and other services may be obtained from theSingStat website. Cover Image Courtesy of Singapore Tourism Board, Vivek Mukherjee
  30. 30. Singapore Department of Statistics

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