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1206766 634528654286611250


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1206766 634528654286611250

  1. 1. Description of activity: Material (Steel sheets with sharp edges) are stored in the raw material storage area. An overhead crane is used to move the material to a rack near the shearing machine which is about 30 meters away from raw material storage. Individual sheets are lifted manually from the rack and moved to the shearing machine. Shearing (or cutting) takes place, cut pieces are removed manually (stretching is required) and kept on nearby racks. Scrap is removed manually (considerable bending is required) and moved to the scrap area <br />Hazard identification <br />
  2. 2. Definition of key terms<br />OH & S<br />Hazard<br />Risk<br />Hazard Identification<br />Risk Assessment<br />Tolerable / Acceptable Risk<br />Safety<br />
  3. 3. Key Definitions<br /><ul><li>Occupational Health and Safety
  4. 4. Conditions and factors that affect the well-being of
  5. 5. employees,
  6. 6. temporary workers,
  7. 7. contractor personnel,
  8. 8. visitors and
  9. 9. any other person in the workplace</li></li></ul><li>Key Definitions<br /><ul><li>Hazard
  10. 10. Source, situation or act with a potential for harm in terms of human injury or ill health or a combination of these (Ill health refers to identifiable, adverse physical or mental condition arising from and/or made worse by a work activity and/or work related situation) </li></li></ul><li>Name any three hazards in your institute<br />
  11. 11. Key Definitions<br /><ul><li>Risk
  12. 12. Combination of the likelihood of an occurrence of a hazardous event or exposure(s) and the severity of injury or ill health that can be caused by the event or exposure(s)</li></li></ul><li>Key Definitions<br /><ul><li>Hazard Identification
  13. 13. Process of recognizing that a hazard exists and defining its characteristics</li></li></ul><li>Key Definitions<br /><ul><li>Risk Assessment
  14. 14. Process of evaluating the risk(s) arising from a hazard(s), taking into account the adequacy of any existing controls, and deciding whether or not the risk(s) is acceptable</li></li></ul><li>Key Definitions<br /><ul><li>Tolerable / acceptable risk
  15. 15. Risk that has been reduced to a level that can be tolerated by the organization having regard to its legal obligation and its own OH&S policy</li></li></ul><li>Key Definitions<br /><ul><li>Safety
  16. 16. Freedom from unacceptable risk of harm</li></li></ul><li>Heinrich’sprinciple<br />Based on analysis on over 550 thousand occupational accidents<br />1 for Serious Injury<br />H. W. Heinrich got the 1-29-300 principle from his analysis on over 550 thousand occupational accidents. The accidents were classified into 3 categories of serious injury (lost work-day: more than one day), slight injury (no lost work-day) and not injured. <br />29 for Slight Injury<br />300 without Injury<br />Accidents are a Part of the Iceberg<br />
  17. 17. What are the broad categories of hazards?<br />
  18. 18. Hazards: Broad Categories<br />Work Equipment, e.g. entrapment in machinery, equipment without ergonomics consideration.<br />Workplace, e.g. uneven floors, poor lighting, high noise level.<br />Materials and substances, e.g. dusts, welding fumes.<br />Environmental, e.g. temperature extremes, both hot and cold. <br />Working practices and procedures, e.g. poor manual handling techniques, unhygienic conditions<br />
  19. 19. Hazards<br />Struck by : person struck by object<br />Struck against : person strikes against object<br />Contact With: Contact with energy source like electrical, hydraulic, thermal, pneumatic<br />Caught between : pinched, crushed between objects<br />Caught on : person or his clothing gets caught on an object <br />Awkward Posture: exertion due to stressful / awkward posture<br />Caught in : person caught in opening<br />Fall to Same level: Fall to same level by slipping or tripping<br />Fall Below: Fall to level below<br />EX: Exposure to gases, dust, mist, UV, IR, Noise etc<br />Excessive force, exposure to stressors from excessive force <br />Excessive repetitions, exposure to stressors by excessive frequency <br />
  20. 20. Hierarchy of controls<br />Elimination – Modify a design to eliminate the hazard (Mechanized instead of manual packaging)<br />Substitution – Substitute a less hazardous material or reduce the system energy (Lower the force, pressure, temperature, current)<br />Engineering Controls – Ventilation systems, machine guarding, interlocks, sound enclosures<br />Signages, warnings and / or administrative controls – Alarms, safety procedures, equipment inspections, access controls<br />PPE – Safety glasses, hearing protection, face shields, safety harnesses and lanyards, respirators and gloves<br />Determining need for controls<br />
  21. 21. Description of activity: Material (Steel sheets with sharp edges) are stored in the raw material storage area. An overhead crane is used to move the material to a rack near the shearing machine which is about 30 meters away from raw material storage. Individual sheets are lifted manually from the rack and moved to the shearing machine. Shearing (or cutting) takes place, cut pieces are removed manually (stretching is required) and kept on nearby racks. Scrap is removed manually (considerable bending is required) and moved to the scrap area <br />Hazard identification <br />
  22. 22. OH & SMS and OHSAS 18001 <br />Planning – Legal and other requirements<br />Identification and access to legal and other OH & S requirements<br />Applicable requirements to be reckoned while establishing, implementing and maintaining OHSMS<br />Up to date<br />Communication<br />Persons<br />Other relevant interested parties<br />
  23. 23. Safety related legislation in India<br />Factories Act and MFR<br />Gas Cylinder Rules<br />SMPV Rules<br />The Electricity Act and IER<br />Petroleum Act and Rules<br />IBR<br />MSIHC<br />PLI<br />
  24. 24. OH & SMS and OHSAS 18001 <br />Planning – Objectives and Programmes<br />Documented objectives at relevant levels and functions<br />Measurable where practicable<br />Consistent with OH & S policy<br />Consideration to<br />Legal and other requirements<br />OH & S risks<br />Technological options<br />Financial, Operational and business requirements<br />Views of relevant interested parties<br />
  25. 25.
  26. 26. OH & SMS and OHSAS 18001 <br />OH & S Objectives and Programmes<br />OH&SMPs for achieving objectives <br />Responsibility and authority<br />Means and time frame<br />Review at regular and planned intervals and adjust to ensure objectives are achieved<br />
  27. 27. <ul><li>Implementation and Operation – Resources, Roles, Responsibility, Accountability and Authority
  28. 28. Ultimate responsibility for OH&S and OH&SMS
  29. 29. Top Management has to demonstrate commitment by
  30. 30. Ensuring availability of resources
  31. 31. Defining roles, allocating responsibilities and accountabilities and delegating authorities
  32. 32. Documented and Communicated
  33. 33. Top Management appointee (TMA)
  34. 34. Roles, responsibilities and authority of TMA
  35. 35. Identity of TMA to persons
  36. 36. All with management responsibility to demonstrate commitment to continual improvement of OH&S performance
  37. 37. Responsibility of persons in the workplace</li></ul>OH & SMS and OHSAS 18001 <br />
  38. 38. OH & SMS and OHSAS 18001 <br />Implementation and Operation – Competence, Training, and awareness<br />Competency of personnel<br />Appropriate education, training and /or experience<br />Records<br />Training Needs identification, fulfillment, evaluation of effectiveness, records<br />Awareness related to<br />OH&S consequences and benefits<br />Roles and responsibilities<br />Potential consequences<br />Training procedures – responsibility, ability, language skills, literacy and risk<br />
  39. 39. <ul><li>Implementation and Operation – Communication, Participation and Consultation
  40. 40. Internal, with contractors / visitors and from external interested parties
  41. 41. Participation of workers
  42. 42. HIRADC
  43. 43. Incident investigation
  44. 44. Development and review of OH&S policies and objectives
  45. 45. Consultations when changes affect their OH&S
  46. 46. Representation on OH&S matters
  47. 47. Workers to be informed about their participation arrangements including their representative on OH&S matters
  48. 48. Consultation with contractors when changes affect their OH&S
  49. 49. Consultation with relevant external interested parties </li></ul>OH & SMS and OHSAS 18001 <br />
  50. 50. Implementation and Operation –Documentation<br />OH&S Policy and objectives<br />Description and scope of OHSMS<br />Description of main elements, interaction, reference to related documents<br />Documents , including records required by OHSAS<br />Documents, including records necessary to ensure effective planning, operation and control of process related to OH&S risk management<br />OH & SMS and OHSAS 18001 <br />
  51. 51. OH & SMS and OHSAS 18001 <br />Implementation and Operation – Control of Documents<br />Controlled<br />Control of records<br />Approve for adequacy before issue<br />Review, update and re-approve<br />Identification of changes and current revision status<br />Availability of relevant versions at use points<br />Legible and readily identifiable<br />Identification of documents of external origin and control distribution<br />Unintended use of obsolete documents and identification<br />
  52. 52. Implementation and Operation – Operational Control<br />Identification of operations and activities associated with identified risks where controls are necessary to manage risks (including management of change)<br />For these operations and activities<br />Operational controls, integration of operational controls in OH&SMS<br />Controls related to purchased goods, equipment and services<br />Controls related to contractors and visitors<br />Where absence could lead to deviations for OH&S policy and objectives<br />Documented procedures to cover situations <br />Stipulate operating criteria<br />OH & SMS and OHSAS 18001 <br />
  53. 53. Implementation and Operation – Emergency Preparedness and Response<br />Identify and respond to potential emergency situations<br />Respond to actual emergency situations and prevent/mitigate adverse OH&S consequences<br />Reckon needs of relevant interested parties like emergency services, neighbours<br />Testing, involving relevant interested parties<br />Review and revision<br />OH & SMS and OHSAS 18001 <br />
  54. 54. Checking – Performance Measurement and Monitoring<br />M & M OH & S performance<br />Qualitative and quantitative<br />Objectives<br />Effectiveness of controls<br />Proactive measures<br />Reactive measures<br />Record data and results<br />Calibration and maintenance of equipment<br />Calibration records<br />OH & SMS and OHSAS 18001 <br />
  55. 55. Checking – Evaluation of Compliance<br />Periodic Evaluation of compliance with applicable Legal and Other Requirements<br />Record results<br />OH & SMS and OHSAS 18001 <br />
  56. 56. <ul><li>Incident Investigation, nonconformity and CAPA
  57. 57. Record, investigate and analyse incidents
  58. 58. Underlying OH&S Deficiencies and Causative factors
  59. 59. Need for Corrective action
  60. 60. Opportunities for Preventive action
  61. 61. Continual Improvement Opportunities
  62. 62. Communicate results
  63. 63. Investigate in timely manner
  64. 64. Results of incident investigation to be documented and maintained
  65. 65. Requirements
  66. 66. Identify and correct nonconformities and take action to mitigate OH&S consequences
  67. 67. Investigate, determine causes and take action to avoid recurrence
  68. 68. Evaluate need for preventive action
  69. 69. Record and communicate results of CAPA
  70. 70. Review effectiveness of CAPA
  71. 71. RA of corrective and preventive actions
  72. 72. Appropriate to magnitude
  73. 73. Commensurate with OH & S risk
  74. 74. Necessray changes to OHSMS documentation</li></ul>OH & SMS and OHSAS 18001 <br />
  75. 75. Control of Records<br />Identification, storage, protection, retrieval, retention and disposal of records<br />Legible, identifiable, traceable <br />OH & SMS and OHSAS 18001 <br />
  76. 76. OH & SMS and OHSAS 18001 <br />These will include at least<br /><ul><li>HIRA
  77. 77. Legal and other requirements related
  78. 78. Status review records of OMPs
  79. 79. Training needs evaluation and training records
  80. 80. Records wrt competence of individuals wrt OH&S
  81. 81. Audits etc in the department
  82. 82. Incident/accident and CAPA
  83. 83. Medical records if applicable</li></li></ul><li>Internal Audit<br />OH &S MS audits at planned intervals<br />Conformance to planned arrangements including OHSAS<br />Implementation and maintenance<br />Effectiveness in meeting policy and objectives<br />Information to management<br />Audit program based on results of RA, results of previous audits<br />Audit procedure to address <br />Responsibilities, competencies and requirements for planning and conducting audits, reporting results and retaining associated results<br />Audit criteria, scope, frequency and methods<br />Selection of auditors and conduct of audits to ensure objectivity and impartiality<br />OH & SMS and OHSAS 18001 <br />
  84. 84. <ul><li>Management Review
  85. 85. Top management
  86. 86. Planned intervals
  87. 87. Continuing suitability, adequacy and effectiveness
  88. 88. Assess Opportunities for improvement and need for changes
  89. 89. Records of MR to be maintained
  90. 90. Inputs to MRM
  91. 91. Results of internal audit, evaluation of compliance , participation and consultation, relevant communication from interested parties, OH&S performance of organization, objectives , incident investigation and CAPA, follow up from previous MRMs, changing circumstances and recommendation for improvement
  92. 92. Outputs – Decision and actions
  93. 93. OH&S Policy, Objectives, Resources and other elements
  94. 94. Communicate and Consultation</li></ul>Relevant outputs from MR to be made available for communication and consultation<br />OH & SMS and OHSAS 18001 <br />
  95. 95. Thank you<br />