Wheelchair Tennis Courts Building Brief


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Wheelchair Tennis Courts Building Brief

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Wheelchair Tennis Courts Building Brief

  1. 1. ISSUE 1 JUNE 2008 • Introduction Tennis Courts Building Standards • • Statutory Approvals Brief • Disabled Users Policy • Contract • Environmental Policy • Design Parameters • Design Introduction The purpose of the tennis court building brief is to provide a guide to the minimum standards to which new outdoor courts should be constructed. This information should not be considered to be a complete building brief in itself but the basis from which a full project brief, design and specification can be evolved. It should be noted that the dimensions contained in this document are for recreational play and many require to be exceeded for specialist events and tournaments. In these instances further advice should be sought from the LTA. Standards All construction projects should conform to the requirements of all relevant current building legislation, including British Standards and Codes of Practice. Statutory Approvals The LTA requires confirmation in writing that planning approvals have been obtained (where appropriate). It should be noted that the Construction Regulation 2007 (CDM Regulations) will apply to most projects. 1
  2. 2. Disabled Users Policy All new tennis facilities and extensions or refurbishment works to existing facilities should meet or exceed the standards required by law (set out in the current Building Regulations). The technical, financial and tennis development aspects of all projects applying for LTA loans or grants are vetted, and access for disabled users is considered as part of this process. Please also refer to DTLR Building Regulations, When designing any tennis facility, whether indoor, outdoor or both, always consider the following for all potential users: • Designated accessible parking. • Access to all areas externally. • High level bolts that cannot be reached. • Matting impeding movement. • Door widths that are too narrow. Sports chairs range up to a 1000mm wheelbase. • Strength of door closers. • Corridor widths that do not allow passing of wheelchairs. • Steps and thresholds that obstruct movement and use. • Electrical sockets/switches, taps, handles, etc. are positioned to high to be reached. • Use of colours that are inappropriate for anyone with a sight impairment. • Ramp gradients that are steep or have no landing areas. • Steps generally. • Unnecessary restrictions on the use of some tennis court surfaces. • Viewing - height of balustrades and fences. Contract All projects that require LTA funding should use a recognised standard form of building contract e.g. Joint Contracts Tribunal (JCT) standard forms, which are suitable for dealing with a range of project values and types. Space should be allocated on the construction site signboard for an “LTA Building for Tennis” sign (310mm x 1220mm). Environmental Policy The LTA embraces environmental issues in the design of tennis facilities. The following areas should be considered: • use of materials obtained from renewable sources • measures to minimise dependence on finite fossil fuels, emissions and operating costs and improve energy efficiency. 2
  3. 3. Design Parameters Tennis Court Dimensions Principal Playing Area (The area bounded by the outside of the court lines) Length 23.77m (78’ 0”) Width 10.97m (36’ 0”) Length of net (doubles) 12.8m (42’ 0”) Width of play lines (white) excluding 5cm (2”) base line included within above court size Base Line 5-10cm(4”) Other dimensions Recommended Min Size Size Runback (i.e. clear depth behind 6.40m (21’ 0”) 5.49m (18’00”) baselines, at each end) Side-run (i.e. clear width beside each 3.66m (12’ 0”) 3.05m (10’0”) side) Side-run between courts not separately 4.27m (14’ 0”) 3.66m (12’0”) enclosed Design The design of the scheme should be visually pleasing and create an environment that will be attractive to users of all ages and abilities. It should be fit for its intended purpose and made attractive by the considered use of landscaping materials, textures and colours in suitable combinations. Court Layout and Orientation Courts should be positioned with the centre-line of the courts running in a generally north/south orientation, although conditions may prevent this arrangement. This is to avoid problems of serving into the during the summer months. Courts should not preferably exceed three in a row. Consideration should be given for access to each court, without interrupting play on adjoining courts. If adjacent to an indoor centre the outdoor courts should have access to the ancillary accommodation of the centre. The court layout should preferably ensure a view of all outdoor courts from reception in order to control their use, allow viewing from the social areas and have some visual relationship with any indoor courts. Paths and Lighting Paths must be provided to all court access doors and to allow movement around the site. Paths must have a suitable camber to shed water and be constructed from a suitable low slip material. Paths should be at least 1.50m wide where space permits for sports wheelchair access. 3
  4. 4. Shelters On court shelters should be considered as an amenity for tennis court users and to enhance the environment. Playing Surface The choice of surface needs careful study and can be complicated by the use many trade names for similar surfaces. Refer to your Facility Project Manager for general guidance on appropriate surfaces for your club. Construction Bases for courts will be macadam on granular fill a thickness suitable for the site conditions and in accordance with the court surface installers instructions and specifications. Extensive repairs, patching or grinding of surfaces will not be permitted. Special attention is to be paid to the junction between the court construction and the edge detail to ensure separation and lifting does not occur at the perimeters due to moisture penetration or frost heave. Gradient Non-porous courts should be laid to a gradient to assist the removal of surface water. The gradient should be across the court or lengthways depending upon site conditions and the fall must be in a single plane. The gradient for non-porous courts shall be min. 1:120 and max 1:100. Porous courts should be laid to a maximum gradient of 1:120 and a minimum of 1:200. Porous court may be laid flat if a gradient is incorporated to the formation level. Court Fencing It is suggested that all courts are to be fenced in green or black chain link fencing to BS1722 Part 13. Angle section fence posts 50x50 are commonly adopted, however a 60mm diameter tubular or rolled hollow section, plastic coated coloured black or green post is preferred. Careful attention should be paid to fixings, to ensure that there are no sharp edges that would cause injury to either players or spectators. The base of the fencing should be constructed so that the tennis balls cannot get underneath the fencing and the edge of the court construction. This can take the form of a horizontal bracing bar. Generally the fencing should be 2.75m high, however, lowered sections should be considered for viewing. The fencing should then be 2.75m behind the base line and return two bays full height, the second of which should slope down to height of 1.2m above the court surface for the reminder of the side elevations. Where it can be achieved fencing dividing multiple court enclosures should be min.1.2m high with one bay from the surround fencing brought into the court at full height. The gate provision should allow for maintenance access for batch court surface and floodlighting Windbreaks Wind screening maybe provided either in the form of landscaped earth mounds, planting or porous windbreak screens mounted on the court fencing. The design of the fencing must take due consideration of the additional wind loads applied by the windbreaks with additional or 4
  5. 5. strengthened supports whether or not windbreaks are included in the scheme. Windbreaks should not be left up all year. Fixtures and Fittings Equipment provided per court should include the following: • Net and Posts • Centre band and anchor • Brushes and other maintenance equipment necessary to maintain specialist surfaces, including suitable means to move water away from the surface. • Waste Bins Services Where necessary provision should be considered to enable adequate water, electrical and public address supplies to each court. These shall be terminated in secure and safe boxes conforming with the relevant regulations. Where not required service ducts should be provided to aid future installations. Adequate drainage should be provided for each court as appropriate for the surface. Floodlighting The floodlights are to be designed to meet LTA guidelines for illumination and to ensure that routine maintenance such as changing of bulbs, can be accomplished simply. The floodlight columns should preferably not be positioned inside court enclosures. The electrical installation should conform to the IEE regulations current at the date of installation. Controls should enable individual courts to be illuminated and controlled from a central point. If show courts are to be included in the facilities, their special requirements must be taken into consideration in the floodlighting scheme design installation. Where floodlights are not to be provided then the installation of the necessary ducting etc., should be considered to enable floodlights to be fitted at a latter date. Consideration should be given to the layout of the ducting to enable central columns between courts to be accommodated. For more detailed information in respect of floodlighting installation please refer to our floodlighting guidance note. 5