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Harlow - A London New Town

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A powerpoint about Harlow, a London New Town for AS/A2 level Geography but can be used with GCSE. Not much text to go with pictures, but hopefully still useful!

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Harlow - A London New Town

  1. 1. New Towns: Good Intentions? Managing Urban Environments S.Rackley (PGCE 2004/5)
  2. 2. <ul><li>The idea behind “new towns” </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Harlow </li></ul><ul><li>The future for Harlow? – M11 Corridor </li></ul><ul><li>Your view </li></ul>
  3. 3. London Sprawl <ul><li>London was sprawling into the surrounding green belt. </li></ul><ul><li>Many surrounding villages and towns were becoming part of the London conurbation. </li></ul><ul><li>London infrastructure was under pressure, especially after wartime damage. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The New Towns Act, 1946 <ul><li>To take London’s overspill population. </li></ul><ul><li>To maintain the greenbelt by compensating with “green” communities. </li></ul><ul><li>To help those who lost homes and jobs during the war. </li></ul><ul><li>Planners told to avoid good agricultural land and to take account of the existing railway lines. </li></ul><ul><li>Must consult local residents. </li></ul>
  5. 6. Harlow <ul><li>Locals consulted. Only group not to take govt to court. Major landowners accepted change as “inevitability”. </li></ul><ul><li>May 1947: 6,320 acres with a population of 4,500 “bought” for £26,509. </li></ul>
  6. 9. <ul><li>Based on a series of neighbourhoods. </li></ul><ul><li>Pedestrianised town centre. </li></ul><ul><li>Two industrial areas on the edge of town. </li></ul><ul><li>This plan has changed over time due to mass car owner ship. </li></ul><ul><li>Placed on a main carriageway into London (now the M11). </li></ul>
  7. 16. The M11 Corridor Expansion <ul><li>To tackle a “severe shortage of affordable housing”. </li></ul><ul><li>New developments must be “green”. </li></ul><ul><li>In M11 corridor, to deliver 300,000 more jobs, 200,000 extra houses over next 15-20 years. </li></ul>Harlow
  8. 17. The M11 Corridor Expansion <ul><li>To tackle a “severe shortage of affordable housing”. </li></ul><ul><li>New developments must be “green”. </li></ul><ul><li>In M11 corridor, to deliver 300,000 more jobs, 200,000 extra houses over next 15-20 years. </li></ul>
  9. 18. The M11 Corridor Expansion <ul><li>To tackle a “severe shortage of affordable housing”. </li></ul><ul><li>New developments must be “green”. </li></ul><ul><li>In M11 corridor, to deliver 300,000 more jobs, 200,000 extra houses over next 15-20 years. </li></ul><ul><li>Some areas are AONB (e.g. Ashford). </li></ul>
  10. 19. News report 2003: Milton Keynes
  11. 20. A modern debate: FOR <ul><li>There is no way of building 75% of housing on brownfield sites. You could only do it by cramming people in at the highest densities we ever developed in the 18th century. </li></ul><ul><li>We are greatly exaggerating the extent of problem at a time when also 10% of the countryside in the south-east of England is lying idle [set aside by the European Union]. </li></ul><ul><li>It would take 40-50 generations to cover the countryside in concrete. </li></ul><ul><li>They [government-appointed consultants] have carefully designated areas that could be developed. </li></ul><ul><li>They are not large, they are not new cities. They are quite distinct developments. </li></ul>Sir Peter Hall, Professor of Planning at the Bartlett School of Architecture and Planning, University College London
  12. 21. A modern debate: FOR <ul><li>Other views: </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;This plan is aimed at improving the quality of life for everyone who lives in, works in or visits the region. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;It is particularly important for our young people and children as they seek to gain access to jobs, housing, recreation and services in the region.&quot; </li></ul>
  13. 22. A modern debate: AGAINST <ul><li>As many of these houses as possible should go on brownfield sites. </li></ul><ul><li>You can achieve very decent living standards, in very good conditions, living in housing like terraces. Nobody is crowded. </li></ul><ul><li>We accept we need new houses, but we have a general worry about more and more of the countryside, which is precious to everyone whether they live in the countryside or the town, disappearing under housing estates and concrete. </li></ul><ul><li>The countryside is precious to all of us and it is going pretty fast. </li></ul>Nick Scone, Campaign to Protect Rural England (CPRE).
  14. 23. A modern debate: AGAINST <ul><li>Friends of the Earth: </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;It will cause enormous damage to wildlife, heritage, local people's quality of life and natural resources across the six counties.&quot; </li></ul>
  15. 24. What do you think? <ul><li>A huge NIMBY issue. </li></ul><ul><li>This is a serious issue that you will definitely be a part of something similar in the future. </li></ul><ul><li>Is the plan sustainable? </li></ul><ul><li>How could you argue “for” and “against”? </li></ul>

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