Figurative Language

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Figurative Language, basic definitions and examples of terms such as simile, metaphor, personification, irony, etc.

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Figurative Language

  1. 1. Figurative Language it has meaning beyond the literal words
  2. 2. Types of Figurative Language • Simile • Metaphor • Personification • Hyperbole • Irony • Imagery • Alliteration • Paradox
  3. 3. Simile • compares two dissimilar ideas in order to emphasize their similarity • Uses a comparative word (“like” or “as”) Example: Her feet felt like ice. …as old as time dead as a doornail
  4. 4. Metaphor • Compares two dissimilar ideas to emphasize their similarities • Says one idea “is” another. • Examples: a blanket of darkness. • My brother’s room is a pigpen.
  5. 5. Personification • a human qualities are given to a nonhuman subject Example: • The leaves danced in the autumn wind. • The lightening lashed out with anger.
  6. 6. Hyperbole •Exaggeration or overstatement Example – •I’m so hungry I could eat a horse! •I’m so full I’m about to pop.
  7. 7. Irony • words express a situation that defies reality or readers’ expectations • Three types: •Situational Irony •Dramatic Irony •Verbal Irony
  8. 8. Situational Irony • The situation is the opposite of expectations Examples: –A greedy millionaire winning the lottery. –Two robbers have their car stolen while robbing a bank. –A man survives a plane crash only to be killed on the way to the hospital in an ambulance wreck.
  9. 9. Dramatic Irony • When the audience knows something the character doesn’t. Example: –We see the ax murderer hiding in the closet as the unknowing character enters the room.
  10. 10. Verbal Irony •Words literally mean one thing but intend to express the opposite: SARCSAM •Examples: •Tom makes a mistake and Jane says, “Nice going, Einstein!” •Jane trips and falls, and Tom calls out, “Slick move!”
  11. 11. Imagery / Sensory Detail • The use of words that appeal to one or more of our senses (sight, sound, smell, sensation, taste) – Example: • The cold of late December blew against my skin as I walked up to my family’s festive house for our holiday dinner. As I walked in the door, the aromas of warm apple pie and honey baked ham made me feel at home once again.
  12. 12. Alliteration • The repetition of an initial consonant sound Example: • "The soul selects her own society.“ • “A moist young moon hung above the mist of a neighboring meadow."
  13. 13. Paradox • a statement that is seemingly contradictory or opposed to common sense and yet is perhaps true –Example: • Freedom is Slavery • Ignorance is bliss • I know that I know nothing.
  14. 14. So what? How does figurative language work in the text we are reading now? Find at least five examples, identify the quotes in which they appear, and analyze how the use of each device changes the way you understand the text.

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