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# Subtraction Using An Expanded Method (part 5 of 5)

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### Subtraction Using An Expanded Method (part 5 of 5)

1. 1. Subtraction Of Whole Numbers Using An Expanded Method (the last step towards using a standard written method for subtraction) Part 5 of 5: How to deal with zeros when subtracting. For more maths help & free games related to this, visit: www.makemymathsbetter.com
2. 2. Subtraction Of Whole Numbers Using An Expanded Method (the last step towards using a standard written method for subtraction) Part 5 of 5: How to deal with zeros when subtracting. It is important that you have already viewed and understood parts 1, 2, 3 & 4 before you go any further. For more maths help & free games related to this, visit: www.makemymathsbetter.com
3. 3. How to deal with zeros when subtracting, for example 700 – 286 700 _ 0 0 200 80 6
4. 4. How to deal with zeros when subtracting, for example 700 – 286 First, an adjustment is made from the hundreds 600 700 _ 0 0 200 80 6
5. 5. How to deal with zeros when subtracting, for example 700 – 286 First, an adjustment is made from the hundreds to the tens. 600 700 _ 100 0 0 200 80 6
6. 6. How to deal with zeros when subtracting, for example 700 – 286 First, an adjustment is made from the hundreds to the tens. Then, from the tens 600 700 _ 90 100 0 0 200 80 6
7. 7. How to deal with zeros when subtracting, for example 700 – 286 First, an adjustment is made from the hundreds to the tens. Then, from the tens to the units 600 700 _ 90 100 10 0 0 200 80 6
8. 8. How to deal with zeros when subtracting, for example 700 – 286 First, an adjustment is made from the hundreds to the tens. Then, from the tens to the units 600 700 _ 90 100 10 0 0 200 80 6 4 The units can then be subtracted.
9. 9. How to deal with zeros when subtracting, for example 700 – 286 First, an adjustment is made from the hundreds to the tens. Then, from the tens to the units 600 700 _ 90 100 10 0 0 200 80 6 10 4 Followed by the tens.
10. 10. How to deal with zeros when subtracting, for example 700 – 286 First, an adjustment is made from the hundreds to the tens. Then, from the tens to the units 600 700 _ 90 100 10 0 0 200 80 6 400 10 4 And finally the hundreds.
11. 11. How to deal with zeros when subtracting, for example 700 – 286 First, an adjustment is made from the hundreds to the tens. Then, from the tens to the units 600 700 _ 90 100 10 0 0 200 80 To complete the sum, add up the 3 answers to give a final total. 6 400 + 10 + 4 = 414
12. 12. How to deal with zeros when subtracting, for example 700 – 286 First, an adjustment is made from the hundreds to the tens. Then, from the tens to the units 600 700 _ 90 100 10 0 0 200 80 To complete the sum, add up the 3 answers to give a final total. 6 400 + 10 + 4 = 414 When this can be performed confidently, it can be simplified to a standard written method:
13. 13. How to deal with zeros when subtracting, for example 700 – 286 First, an adjustment is made from the hundreds to the tens. Then, from the tens to the units 600 700 _ 90 100 10 0 0 200 80 To complete the sum, add up the 3 answers to give a final total. 6 400 + 10 + 4 = 414 When this can be performed confidently, it can be simplified to a standard written method: 7 0 0 _ 2 8 6
14. 14. How to deal with zeros when subtracting, for example 700 – 286 First, an adjustment is made from the hundreds to the tens. Then, from the tens to the units 600 700 _ 90 100 10 0 0 200 80 To complete the sum, add up the 3 answers to give a final total. 6 400 + 10 + 4 = 414 When this can be performed confidently, it can be simplified to a standard written method: 6 7 0 0 _ 2 8 6 Firstly, an adjustment is made from the hundreds
15. 15. How to deal with zeros when subtracting, for example 700 – 286 First, an adjustment is made from the hundreds to the tens. Then, from the tens to the units 600 700 _ 90 100 10 0 0 200 80 To complete the sum, add up the 3 answers to give a final total. 6 400 + 10 + 4 = 414 When this can be performed confidently, it can be simplified to a standard written method: 6 10 7 0 0 _ 2 8 6 Firstly, an adjustment is made from the hundreds to the tens
16. 16. How to deal with zeros when subtracting, for example 700 – 286 First, an adjustment is made from the hundreds to the tens. Then, from the tens to the units 600 700 _ 90 100 10 0 0 200 80 To complete the sum, add up the 3 answers to give a final total. 6 400 + 10 + 4 = 414 When this can be performed confidently, it can be simplified to a standard written method: 9 6 10 7 0 0 _ 2 8 6 Firstly, an adjustment is made from the hundreds to the tens. Then from the tens
17. 17. How to deal with zeros when subtracting, for example 700 – 286 First, an adjustment is made from the hundreds to the tens. Then, from the tens to the units 600 700 _ 90 100 10 0 0 200 80 To complete the sum, add up the 3 answers to give a final total. 6 400 + 10 + 4 = 414 When this can be performed confidently, it can be simplified to a standard written method: 9 6 10 10 7 0 0 _ 2 8 6 Firstly, an adjustment is made from the hundreds to the tens. Then from the tens to the units.
18. 18. How to deal with zeros when subtracting, for example 700 – 286 First, an adjustment is made from the hundreds to the tens. Then, from the tens to the units 600 700 _ 90 100 10 0 0 200 80 To complete the sum, add up the 3 answers to give a final total. 6 400 + 10 + 4 = 414 When this can be performed confidently, it can be simplified to a standard written method: 9 6 10 10 7 0 0 _ 2 8 6 4 The units can then be subtracted,
19. 19. How to deal with zeros when subtracting, for example 700 – 286 First, an adjustment is made from the hundreds to the tens. Then, from the tens to the units 600 700 _ 90 100 10 0 0 200 80 To complete the sum, add up the 3 answers to give a final total. 6 400 + 10 + 4 = 414 When this can be performed confidently, it can be simplified to a standard written method: 9 6 10 10 7 0 0 _ 2 8 6 1 4 The units can then be subtracted, followed by the tens
20. 20. How to deal with zeros when subtracting, for example 700 – 286 First, an adjustment is made from the hundreds to the tens. Then, from the tens to the units 600 700 _ 90 100 10 0 0 200 80 To complete the sum, add up the 3 answers to give a final total. 6 400 + 10 + 4 = 414 When this can be performed confidently, it can be simplified to a standard written method: 9 6 10 10 7 0 0 _ 2 8 6 4 1 4 The units can then be subtracted, followed by the tens and finally the hundreds.
21. 21. The same technique is used when there is just a zero in the tens column, for example 803 – 236
22. 22. The same technique is used when there is just a zero in the tens column, for example 803 – 236 800 _ 0 3 200 30 6
23. 23. The same technique is used when there is just a zero in the tens column, for example 803 – 236 First, an adjustment is made from the hundreds 700 800 _ 0 3 200 30 6
24. 24. The same technique is used when there is just a zero in the tens column, for example 803 – 236 First, an adjustment is made from the hundreds to the tens. 700 800 _ 100 0 3 200 30 6
25. 25. The same technique is used when there is just a zero in the tens column, for example 803 – 236 First, an adjustment is made from the hundreds to the tens. Then, from the tens 700 800 _ 90 100 0 3 200 30 6
26. 26. The same technique is used when there is just a zero in the tens column, for example 803 – 236 First, an adjustment is made from the hundreds to the tens. Then, from the tens to the units 700 800 _ 90 100 13 0 3 200 30 6
27. 27. The same technique is used when there is just a zero in the tens column, for example 803 – 236 First, an adjustment is made from the hundreds to the tens. Then, from the tens to the units 700 800 _ 90 100 13 0 3 200 30 6 7 The units can then be subtracted.
28. 28. The same technique is used when there is just a zero in the tens column, for example 803 – 236 First, an adjustment is made from the hundreds to the tens. Then, from the tens to the units 700 800 _ 90 100 13 0 3 200 30 6 60 7 Followed by the tens.
29. 29. The same technique is used when there is just a zero in the tens column, for example 803 – 236 First, an adjustment is made from the hundreds to the tens. Then, from the tens to the units 700 800 _ 90 100 13 0 3 200 30 6 500 60 7 And finally the hundreds.
30. 30. The same technique is used when there is just a zero in the tens column, for example 803 – 236 First, an adjustment is made from the hundreds to the tens. Then, from the tens to the units 700 800 _ 90 100 13 0 3 200 30 To complete the sum, add up the 3 answers to give a final total. 6 500 + 60 + 7 = 567
31. 31. The same technique is used when there is just a zero in the tens column, for example 803 – 236 First, an adjustment is made from the hundreds to the tens. Then, from the tens to the units 700 800 _ 90 100 13 0 3 200 30 To complete the sum, add up the 3 answers to give a final total. 6 500 + 60 + 7 = 567 When this can be performed confidently, it can be simplified to a standard written method:
32. 32. The same technique is used when there is just a zero in the tens column, for example 803 – 236 First, an adjustment is made from the hundreds to the tens. Then, from the tens to the units 700 800 _ 90 100 13 0 3 200 30 To complete the sum, add up the 3 answers to give a final total. 6 500 + 60 + 7 = 567 When this can be performed confidently, it can be simplified to a standard written method: 8 0 3 _ 2 3 6
33. 33. The same technique is used when there is just a zero in the tens column, for example 803 – 236 First, an adjustment is made from the hundreds to the tens. Then, from the tens to the units 700 800 _ 90 100 13 0 3 200 30 To complete the sum, add up the 3 answers to give a final total. 6 500 + 60 + 7 = 567 When this can be performed confidently, it can be simplified to a standard written method: 7 8 0 3 _ 2 3 6 Firstly, an adjustment is made from the hundreds
34. 34. The same technique is used when there is just a zero in the tens column, for example 803 – 236 First, an adjustment is made from the hundreds to the tens. Then, from the tens to the units 700 800 _ 90 100 13 0 3 200 30 To complete the sum, add up the 3 answers to give a final total. 6 500 + 60 + 7 = 567 When this can be performed confidently, it can be simplified to a standard written method: 7 10 8 0 3 _ 2 3 6 Firstly, an adjustment is made from the hundreds to the tens
35. 35. The same technique is used when there is just a zero in the tens column, for example 803 – 236 First, an adjustment is made from the hundreds to the tens. Then, from the tens to the units 700 800 _ 90 100 13 0 3 200 30 To complete the sum, add up the 3 answers to give a final total. 6 500 + 60 + 7 = 567 When this can be performed confidently, it can be simplified to a standard written method: 9 7 10 8 0 3 _ 2 3 6 Firstly, an adjustment is made from the hundreds to the tens. Then from the tens
36. 36. The same technique is used when there is just a zero in the tens column, for example 803 – 236 First, an adjustment is made from the hundreds to the tens. Then, from the tens to the units 700 800 _ 90 100 13 0 3 200 30 To complete the sum, add up the 3 answers to give a final total. 6 500 + 60 + 7 = 567 When this can be performed confidently, it can be simplified to a standard written method: 9 7 10 13 8 0 3 _ 2 3 6 Firstly, an adjustment is made from the hundreds to the tens. Then from the tens to the units
37. 37. The same technique is used when there is just a zero in the tens column, for example 803 – 236 First, an adjustment is made from the hundreds to the tens. Then, from the tens to the units 700 800 _ 90 100 13 0 3 200 30 To complete the sum, add up the 3 answers to give a final total. 6 500 + 60 + 7 = 567 When this can be performed confidently, it can be simplified to a standard written method: 9 7 10 13 8 0 3 _ 2 3 6 7 The units can then be subtracted,
38. 38. The same technique is used when there is just a zero in the tens column, for example 803 – 236 First, an adjustment is made from the hundreds to the tens. Then, from the tens to the units 700 800 _ 90 100 13 0 3 200 30 To complete the sum, add up the 3 answers to give a final total. 6 500 + 60 + 7 = 567 When this can be performed confidently, it can be simplified to a standard written method: 9 7 10 13 8 0 3 _ 2 3 6 6 7 The units can then be subtracted, followed by the tens
39. 39. The same technique is used when there is just a zero in the tens column, for example 803 – 236 First, an adjustment is made from the hundreds to the tens. Then, from the tens to the units 700 800 _ 90 100 13 0 3 200 30 To complete the sum, add up the 3 answers to give a final total. 6 500 + 60 + 7 = 567 When this can be performed confidently, it can be simplified to a standard written method: 9 7 10 13 8 0 3 _ 2 3 6 5 6 7 The units can then be subtracted, followed by the tens and finally the hundreds.
40. 40. Again, a similar technique is used when there is just a zero in the units column, for example 570 – 124
41. 41. Again, a similar technique is used when there is just a zero in the units column, for example 570 – 124 500 _ 70 0 100 20 4
42. 42. Again, a similar technique is used when there is just a zero in the units column, for example 570 – 124 First, an adjustment is made from the tens 500 _ 60 70 0 100 20 4
43. 43. Again, a similar technique is used when there is just a zero in the units column, for example 570 – 124 First, an adjustment is made from the tens to the units 500 _ 60 70 10 0 100 20 4
44. 44. Again, a similar technique is used when there is just a zero in the units column, for example 570 – 124 First, an adjustment is made from the tens to the units 500 _ 60 70 10 0 100 20 4 6 The units can then be subtracted.
45. 45. Again, a similar technique is used when there is just a zero in the units column, for example 570 – 124 First, an adjustment is made from the tens to the units 500 _ 60 70 10 0 100 20 4 40 6 The units can then be subtracted. Followed by the tens
46. 46. Again, a similar technique is used when there is just a zero in the units column, for example 570 – 124 First, an adjustment is made from the tens to the units 500 _ 60 70 10 0 100 20 4 400 40 6 The units can then be subtracted. Followed by the tens and then the hundreds.
47. 47. Again, a similar technique is used when there is just a zero in the units column, for example 570 – 124 First, an adjustment is made from the tens to the units 500 _ 60 70 10 0 100 20 4 400 + 40 + 6 To complete the sum, add up the 3 answers to give a final total. = 446
48. 48. Again, a similar technique is used when there is just a zero in the units column, for example 570 – 124 First, an adjustment is made from the tens to the units 500 _ 60 70 10 0 100 20 4 400 + 40 + 6 To complete the sum, add up the 3 answers to give a final total. = 446 When this can be performed confidently, it can be simplified to a standard written method:
49. 49. Again, a similar technique is used when there is just a zero in the units column, for example 570 – 124 First, an adjustment is made from the tens to the units 500 _ 60 70 10 0 100 20 4 400 + 40 + 6 To complete the sum, add up the 3 answers to give a final total. = 446 When this can be performed confidently, it can be simplified to a standard written method: 5 7 0 _ 1 2 4
50. 50. Again, a similar technique is used when there is just a zero in the units column, for example 570 – 124 First, an adjustment is made from the tens to the units 500 _ 60 70 10 0 100 20 4 400 + 40 + 6 To complete the sum, add up the 3 answers to give a final total. = 446 When this can be performed confidently, it can be simplified to a standard written method: 6 5 7 0 _ 1 2 4 Firstly, an adjustment is made from the tens
51. 51. Again, a similar technique is used when there is just a zero in the units column, for example 570 – 124 First, an adjustment is made from the tens to the units 500 _ 60 70 10 0 100 20 4 400 + 40 + 6 To complete the sum, add up the 3 answers to give a final total. = 446 When this can be performed confidently, it can be simplified to a standard written method: 6 10 5 7 0 _ 1 2 4 Firstly, an adjustment is made from the tens to the units
52. 52. Again, a similar technique is used when there is just a zero in the units column, for example 570 – 124 First, an adjustment is made from the tens to the units 500 _ 60 70 10 0 100 20 4 400 + 40 + 6 To complete the sum, add up the 3 answers to give a final total. = 446 When this can be performed confidently, it can be simplified to a standard written method: 6 10 5 7 0 _ 1 2 4 6 The units can then be subtracted,
53. 53. Again, a similar technique is used when there is just a zero in the units column, for example 570 – 124 First, an adjustment is made from the tens to the units 500 _ 60 70 10 0 100 20 4 400 + 40 + 6 To complete the sum, add up the 3 answers to give a final total. = 446 When this can be performed confidently, it can be simplified to a standard written method: 6 10 5 7 0 _ 1 2 4 4 6 The units can then be subtracted, followed by the tens
54. 54. Again, a similar technique is used when there is just a zero in the units column, for example 570 – 124 First, an adjustment is made from the tens to the units 500 _ 60 70 10 0 100 20 4 400 + 40 + 6 To complete the sum, add up the 3 answers to give a final total. = 446 When this can be performed confidently, it can be simplified to a standard written method: 6 10 5 7 0 _ 1 2 4 4 4 6 The units can then be subtracted, followed by the tens and finally the hundreds
55. 55. That’s it for now...... For more help with your maths, try my book: mastering multiplication tables on amazon.com