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Difference between growth and development

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Difference betweenDifference between
Growth and developmentGrowth and development

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What is growth?What is growth?
 The Encyclopedia Britannica defines “growth” as an increaseThe Encyclopedia Britannica de...

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What is development?What is development?
 The Encyclopaedia Britannica defined theThe Encyclopaedia Britannica defined th...

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Growth and development
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Difference between growth and development

  1. 1. Difference betweenDifference between Growth and developmentGrowth and development
  2. 2. What is growth?What is growth?  The Encyclopedia Britannica defines “growth” as an increaseThe Encyclopedia Britannica defines “growth” as an increase in the size or the amount of an entity. The word growth is usedin the size or the amount of an entity. The word growth is used for all those structural and physiological changes that takefor all those structural and physiological changes that take place within individual during the process of maturation.place within individual during the process of maturation.  For example, the increase in weight, height, and differentFor example, the increase in weight, height, and different organs is called growth. It is a biological process andorgans is called growth. It is a biological process and continues for birth to adulthood.continues for birth to adulthood.  From the very beginning, a child needs food. When he eatsFrom the very beginning, a child needs food. When he eats food, it becomes a part of his body. During this time new cellsfood, it becomes a part of his body. During this time new cells are produced which results in physical increase. This physicalare produced which results in physical increase. This physical increase is called growth.increase is called growth.
  3. 3. What is development?What is development?  The Encyclopaedia Britannica defined theThe Encyclopaedia Britannica defined the word ‘development’ as the progressive changeword ‘development’ as the progressive change in size, shape, and function during the life ofin size, shape, and function during the life of an organism by which its genetic potentialan organism by which its genetic potential (genotype) are translated into functioning adult(genotype) are translated into functioning adult systems (phnotype). This means thatsystems (phnotype). This means that development includes the increase not only indevelopment includes the increase not only in the size but also in the function of an organ.the size but also in the function of an organ.
  4. 4. What is development?What is development?  Thus ‘development’ is the name of all thoseThus ‘development’ is the name of all those psychological changes that take place in thepsychological changes that take place in the functions and activities of different organs offunctions and activities of different organs of an individual. For example, when the musclesan individual. For example, when the muscles of legs become strong, a child begins to creep,of legs become strong, a child begins to creep, then stand, and then starts walking. So, thisthen stand, and then starts walking. So, this creeping, standing and walking are calledcreeping, standing and walking are called development.development.
  5. 5. Difference between Growth andDifference between Growth and developmentdevelopment  Most people use the word ‘growth’ andMost people use the word ‘growth’ and ‘development’ in the same meanings. But‘development’ in the same meanings. But there is difference between these two terms.there is difference between these two terms. The first term, i.e ‘growth’ means the changeThe first term, i.e ‘growth’ means the change in the physical or physiological structure. Thein the physical or physiological structure. The second term, i.e ‘development’ is the changesecond term, i.e ‘development’ is the change in the function and activities of differentin the function and activities of different organs. This shows that ‘growth’ is aorgans. This shows that ‘growth’ is a physiological change whereas development isphysiological change whereas development is a psychological change.a psychological change.
  6. 6. Difference between Growth andDifference between Growth and developmentdevelopment  Similarly, we can say that growth is external inSimilarly, we can say that growth is external in nature and can be directly measured becausenature and can be directly measured because its chief concern is with physical aspect of anits chief concern is with physical aspect of an individual. Growth stops at a particular stage.individual. Growth stops at a particular stage. But, development is internal in nature. It canBut, development is internal in nature. It can not be measured directly. It can only be felt. Itnot be measured directly. It can only be felt. It chief concern is not only with increase in thechief concern is not only with increase in the size of the brain but thinking process also.size of the brain but thinking process also.
  7. 7. Difference between Growth andDifference between Growth and developmentdevelopment  Moreover, growth is generally taken to beMoreover, growth is generally taken to be quantitative in nature whereas development ofquantitative in nature whereas development of ‘intelligence’ and emotions’. Development‘intelligence’ and emotions’. Development goes on into senility but growth stops atgoes on into senility but growth stops at maturity. Development indicates the changesmaturity. Development indicates the changes in the character or behavior morein the character or behavior more
  8. 8. Difference between Growth andDifference between Growth and developmentdevelopment  Growth and development are interrelated andGrowth and development are interrelated and inter dependant. Both influence each other.inter dependant. Both influence each other. When growth stops because of illness, or thereWhen growth stops because of illness, or there is a premature stoppages of growth,is a premature stoppages of growth, development is equally affected.development is equally affected.
  9. 9. There are four aspects ofThere are four aspects of developmentdevelopment  Cognitive developmentCognitive development  Social developmentSocial development  Emotional developmentEmotional development  Physical developmentPhysical development
  10. 10. Cognitive developmentCognitive development  Its referents to activities that involves thinking,Its referents to activities that involves thinking, perceiving and problem solving. Its also calledperceiving and problem solving. Its also called intellectual development Perception throughintellectual development Perception through sensessenses
  11. 11. Social developmentSocial development  It refers to behaviour that involvesIt refers to behaviour that involves relation/interaction with others.It refers to therelation/interaction with others.It refers to the behaviour that how you behave in certainbehaviour that how you behave in certain circumstances.circumstances.
  12. 12. Emotional developmentEmotional development  It refers to feelings and attitutdes.It refers to feelings and attitutdes.
  13. 13. Physical developmentPhysical development  An organised increase in volume. PhysicallyAn organised increase in volume. Physically growth but in organized form is calledgrowth but in organized form is called physically development. Organize growth isphysically development. Organize growth is called development.called development.

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