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A level-or-f-sc


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A level vs

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A level-or-f-sc

  1. 1. A Level or F.Sc. ? The Big Question
  2. 2. Orientation Session Outgoing O - Level Students
  3. 3. Contents  F.Sc. Vs. A Level  Areas of differentiation  Making the right choice  Recognition in Pakistan  Medical and Engineering education in Pakistan  University Recognition in Pakistan
  4. 4. Contents  Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute of Engineering       Sciences and Technology National University of Science and Technology King Edward Medical University Lahore University of Management Sciences National College of Arts MCAT Test Conclusion
  5. 5. F.Sc. Versus A Level F.Sc. A Level  BISE, (any board in Pakistan)  University of Cambridge  Student needs to study 3  Student needs to study 7       subjects Two exams (1st Year/ 2nd Year) Testing of memorization (knowledge testing only) Questionable examination environment Questionable Paper Checking standard URDU (Students take 2nd Language in O Level) Cost effective      subjects Two exams (AS Level / A Level) Testing on the basis of Bloom’s Taxonomy Satisfactory Examination environment Satisfactory paper Checking standard Costly option
  6. 6. Original Terms New Terms  Evaluation •Creating  Synthesis •Evaluating  Analysis  Application •Analysing  Comprehension •Applying  Knowledge •Understanding •Remembering
  7. 7. BLOOM‟S REVISED TAXONOMY Creating Generating new ideas, products, or ways of viewing things Designing, constructing, planning, producing, inventing. Evaluating Justifying a decision or course of action Checking, hypothesising, critiquing, experimenting, judging Analysing Breaking information into parts to explore understandings and relationships Comparing, organising, deconstructing, interrogating, finding Applying Using information in another familiar situation Implementing, carrying out, using, executing Understanding Explaining ideas or concepts Interpreting, summarising, paraphrasing, classifying, explaining Remembering Recalling information Recognising, listing, describing, retrieving, naming, finding
  8. 8. Making the right chioce  Cambridge international qualifications are a passport to success – in education, university and work.  A Cambridge International Education is designed for international students. Content is multicultural and a wide range of subjects is available – including many country specific courses.
  9. 9. Making the right chioce  Choosing a course of study is one of the most important decisions a student will make.  It is essential to check that qualifications are widely accepted and valued by further education institutes, universities and employers.  Choosing Cambridge international qualifications opens up a world of opportunity - helping you get a place at your chosen university, or proving your achievements to your future employer.
  10. 10. Recognition in Pakistan  Universities in countries around the world, including Pakistan, recognize and welcome Cambridge international qualifications.  The government of Pakistan recognizes Cambridge qualifications and provides equivalence to the local system of education in order to ensure smooth progression for students who choose to pursue their education in Pakistan.  The government body responsible for issuing equivalence conversion is the Inter Board Committee of Chairmen (IBCC).
  11. 11. Recognition in Pakistan  O Levels and IGCSE qualifications are equated to the local Secondary School Certificate (SSC) and A Levels to the Higher Secondary School Certificate (HSSC).  To qualify for equivalence at the HSS level, IBCC has given a list of compulsory and elective subjects that must be studied at both O Level, IGCSE and A Level. You will find this at
  12. 12. SUBJECT REQUIREMENTS FOR EQUIVALENCE OF CERTIFICATES Groups Subjects Compulsory Science Groups Elective Subjects Compulsory Elective PreMathematics Physics Urdu Medical Chemistry PakStudies Urdu & Islamiyat PakBiology / Studies English Computer Islamiyat & Science English PreEngine ering Urdu PakStudies Islamiyat English Physics Chemistry Biology Mathematic s Physics Chemistry
  13. 13. SUBJECT REQUIREMENTS FOR EQUIVALENCE OF CERTIFICATES General Science And Two Subjects from the following: Mathematics General Urdu Pak-Studies Islamiyat & English 1.Economics 2.Civics 3.Physiology and Hygiene 4.Geometrical and Technical 5.Arts and Model Drawing 6.Environmental Studies 7.Islamic Studies or Islamic 8.History of Indo-Pak Sub-Continent 9.Arabic 10.Persian 11.Food and Nutrition 12.Related Arts 13.Household Accounts & Related Problems 14.Computer Science OR One subject from above list and one Technical subject Any of the following Combinations: General Science Urdu Pak-Studies Islamiyat English 1.Physics, Mathematics, Statistics 2.Mathematics, Statistics, Economics 3.Economics, Mathematics, Computer Science 4.Physics, Mathematics, Computer Science 5.Mathematics, Statistics, Computer Science
  14. 14. SUBJECT REQUIREMENTS FOR EQUIVALENCE OF CERTIFICATES Select one set of three subjects from the following: Technical Group Urdu Pak-Studies English Islamiyat 1.Mathematics 2.General Science And Two Technical subjects Humanities Urdu Pak-Studies Islamiyat English 1.Mathematics 2.Economics 3.History 4.Islamic Studies 5.Library Science 6.Statistics 7.Health & Physical Education 8. Persian 9.Psychology 10.Home Economics 11.Geography 12.Civics 13.Urdu Advance 14.Arabic 15.English Literature Computer Science may be offered in any combination of three subjects
  15. 15. GCE O Level, GCSE and IGCSE  GCE O Level, GCSE and IGCSE are considered equivalent to Secondary School Certificate (SSC) subject to meeting the following requirements:  Pakistan based examinations (local exam): Eight subjects including English, Urdu, Islamiyat, Pakistan Studies, Mathematics and three electives.
  16. 16. GCE O Level, GCSE and IGCSE  To qualify for Science Group it is necessary to pass Physics, Chemistry, Biology or Computer Studies or Information and Communication Technology (ICT).  Students who do not qualify for the Science Group will be placed in the General or Humanities Group.
  17. 17. GCE O Level, GCSE and IGCSE  Students with a qualification in Computer Studies or ICT in place of Biology will be granted Science Group equivalence but will not be granted equivalence to HSSC (Pre-Medical Group), even if Physics, Chemistry and Biology subjects are passed at A Level.
  18. 18. GCE A Levels  GCE O and A Level are considered equivalent to Higher Secondary School Certificate (HSSC) subject to meeting the specified requirements for various groups:  Pre-Medical Group: Eight O Level subjects (including English, Urdu, Islamiyat, Pakistan Studies, Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and Biology) and three A Levels (Physics, Chemistry and Biology) with minimum E Grade.
  19. 19. GCE A Levels  Pre-Engineering Group: Eight O Level subjects (including English, Urdu, Islamiyat, Pakistan Studies, Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and Biology or Computer Studies or ICT) and three A Level subjects (Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics) with minimum E Grade.
  20. 20. GCE A Levels  General Science Group: Eight O Level subjects and three A Level subjects are required to qualify for the general science group. There are five possible combinations, details are available on the IBCC website,
  21. 21. GCE A Levels  Please note that students taking these combinations will not be eligible for admission into Engineering and Medical Colleges.  Humanities Group: Eight O Level subjects including English with three A Level subjects (not eligible for admission into Engineering and Medical Colleges).
  22. 22. Conversion of grades IGCSE and GCE O Level Grades IBCC Marks A* A B C D E F G 90 85 75 65 55 45 40 35
  23. 23. Worked Example of Conversion Subject Grades IBCC Marks English Language Urdu A* 90 A 85 Islamiyat B 75 Pak. Studies B 75 Physics A 85 Chemistry A 85 Biology C 65 Mathematics D 55 615 Total
  24. 24. Worked Example of Conversion 615 x 900 / 800 = 691
  25. 25. For Pre-Medical/Pre-Engineering Group GCE O Level GCE O Level Subjects A LEVEL Grade IBCC Marks GCE A Level Subjects Grade IBCC Marks English Language A* 90 Physics A 85 Urdu A 85 Chemistry A* 90 Islamiyat B 75 Biology / Math B 75 Pak. Studies B 75 Physics A* 90 Chemistry B 75 Biology A 85 Mathematics B 75 Total 650 Total 250 (650+250) =900 900 x 1100 /1100= 900
  26. 26. Medical and engineering education in Pakistan  Admissions to medical and engineering universities nationwide are broadly regulated by Pakistan Medical and Dental Council (PMDC) and Pakistan Engineering Council (PEC).
  27. 27. Pakistan Medical and Dental Council (PMDC)  Entry requirements overview  PMDC sets the basic requirements for entry into medical colleges. These are as follows:  At least 60% marks in HSSC or equivalent in the case of O and A Levels.  Evidence of this is through the IBCC equivalence certificate At least 40% weighting should be given to the results of admission tests.  Provincial bodies and private medical colleges then set the criteria for their own test and exams, using the above guidelines. For details, please visit
  28. 28. Message from the Registrar of PMDC “We find Cambridge qualified students do really well in medicine; they have all the desired skills and knowledge to take up higher education in medicine and we would like to encourage Cambridge qualified students to join Pakistani medical colleges.”
  29. 29. Pakistan Engineering Council (PEC)  PEC sets the basic requirements for engineering education in the country.  Students must pass O and A Level examinations in qualifying subjects; in addition, they must pass an entrance test conducted by the respective institution or university.  For details, please visit
  30. 30. University recognition in Pakistan  Many different universities in Pakistan recognise Cambridge international qualifications. Examples of recognition from some well known Pakistani institutions are on the following slides.
  31. 31. King Edward Medical University  Entry requirements  Students need to take equivalence from IBCC; if they have 60 % marks or more, they are eligible to sit for the entry test which is written and administered by the University of Health Sciences (UHS).  The weighting of entry test results and marks is determined by UHS. After combining the results of the two components a merit list is formed for all Punjab medical colleges and students are allocated to colleges according to their ratings.
  32. 32. King Edward Medical University  Skills required for becoming a good doctor  In addition to being academically strong and having a     clear grasp of medical concepts doctors need to have good communication skills a very high level of contextual and cultural sensitivity. They must remember that patients come from various backgrounds and their situation is always unique. In many cases they may be undergoing significant suffering. In dealing with such people, a doctor‟s expertise, ethics, values and communication skills all play a part in the dynamics of a hospital or clinic.
  33. 33. Message from the Vice Chancellor, King Edward Medical University  We receive more than 250 students every year at this historical and most prestigious medical university of Pakistan. Students who join the university after doing their A Levels generally do very well, they are very confident with good productive ideas.
  34. 34. Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology (GIKI)  Skills required  The knowledge, skills and competencies needed to succeed in various BS (Engineering) programs offered at GIK Institute are as follows:  Adequate knowledge of high school level Mathematics and      Physics Well developed communications skills in English language Self-motivation and self-discipline Analytical skills Ability to adapt to independent living Ability to sustain motivation and commitment over an entire 16 week semester
  35. 35. Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology (GIKI)  Entry requirements  Admission and allocation to different faculties is based on performance in the admission test and the different preferences of individual applicants. However, to be eligible for admission, applicants must have three A Levels (Physics, Mathematics and Chemistry with Grade D or higher in Mathematics and Physics) and seven O Levels.  Those having studied Computing in lieu of Chemistry at A Level can apply only for Computer Systems
  36. 36. Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology (GIKI)  Entry requirements  Those having studied Computing in lieu of Chemistry at A Level can apply only for Computer Systems Engineering and Computer Software Engineering. Students awaiting their examination results can apply but confirmation of admission will be subject to fulfilling eligibility criteria.
  37. 37. Message from the Rector, GIKI  “It is gratifying to note that many students opt for careers in engineering after qualifying in the Cambridge Examination system. The engineering profession offers many opportunities but, at the same time there are challenges. In future, the world would need more refined, sophisticated, and efficient technologies to cope with the peculiar needs of a new age which, in turn, would require engineers and scientists of quality. Good communication skills are equally important.  Most students who come through the Cambridge system cope well with the rigors of university education: the Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology welcomes them.”
  38. 38. National University of Science and Technology (NUST)  Entry Requirements  Engineering:  A Levels in Pre-Engineering subjects according to IBCC requirements. Specifically, A Levels in Physics, Maths and Computer Science or Computer Studies for BE Software Engineering, Computer Engineering, Electronics Engineering, Telecom Engineering, Avionics Engineering and Information & Communication System Engineering only.
  39. 39. National University of Science and Technology (NUST)  Entry Requirements  Medicine:  A Levels in Pre-Medical subjects according to IBCC requirements. In order to encourage candidates from O and A Level schools, NUST has reserved a few seats in Engineering, IT, Medicine, Management, Social Sciences and Applied Biosciences for admission through SAT tests. Pakistani candidates of both A Level and F.Sc. streams can exercise this option and compete for the reserved seats. A minimum score of 550 is required in each subject to apply for a medical program.
  40. 40. Message from the Rector of NUST  “The only university in Pakistan to be ranked amongst the top 350 universities of the world, NUST is truly the dynamic face of higher education in Pakistan. A significant percentage of students at NUST belong to the O and A Levels stream, and I must acknowledge that, even within the competitive climate at NUST, they are performing outstandingly well. To encourage candidates of O and A Levels stream, NUST accepts international SAT, GMAT, GRE and MCAT scores; and these candidates can apply on the basis of O Level equivalence certificates.”
  41. 41. Lahore University of Management Sciences ( LUMS)  Feedback on Cambridge students. Staff at LUMS tell us the following:  “Cambridge qualified students usually perform well at LUMS especially in terms of spontaneity required and academics in areas such as reading, writing and analytical skills. Applicants prior to getting admitted should be skilled in terms of communication both verbal and written , presentation and analysis. Students admitted from the Cambridge stream usually tend to have an expertise and proficiency in these areas.”
  42. 42. Lahore University of Management Sciences ( LUMS)  Entry requirements  The minimum eligibility criteria are as follows:  A minimum of six O Level subjects. A minimum of three A Level subjects with at least two passes at Grade B and one at Grade C. Students who do not have their A Levels results at the time of applying, are made an admission offer conditional on them meeting these minimum eligibility criteria.  The admission merit list takes into account the subject grades or scores received in O Levels and A Levels, and the scores on the LUMS admission test. The weighting assigned to school examination results and the admission tests varies from school to school. Students seeking admission to LUMS are usually required to work on their academic scores along with preparation for the LUMS admission test, which is based on the SAT format.
  43. 43. National College of Arts (NCA)  Feedback on Cambridge students. Staff at NCA say:  “CIE students have very good communication skills and are confident young people. Students who do an A Level in Media Studies are very well prepared for undergraduate courses in film, television and media studies.”
  44. 44. National College of Arts (NCA)  Entry requirements  Students need to have taken a minimum of three A Levels and eight O Levels in subjects which satisfy IBCC requirements. Except for Architecture, where Mathematics is a pre-requisite, they could have studied any subject combination. After making sure that they meet the entry threshold criterion, they will have to sit for an entrance test. Offers are based on their performance in the entrance exam.
  45. 45. Message from the Principal, NCA  “NCA is an equal opportunity institution and we are looking for students from varied educational and ethnic backgrounds. Students coming to NCA should be creative, independent thinkers, should have an inquiring mind and must be prepared for a lot of hard work.”
  46. 46. MCAT Test
  47. 47. MCAT Test  Entrance Test shall consist of 220 multiple choice questions (MCQs) which will be divided in four sections, namely:      Physics Chemistry English Biology Aptitude  Time allowed for the Entrance Test shall be 150 minutes.  Maximum Marks of Entrance Test 1100  Entrance Test pass percentage is 60%.
  48. 48. STRUCTURE OF ENTRANCE TEST PAPER 2011 Sr. # Subject 1 2 3 4 5 TOTAL PHYSICS CHEMISTRY BIOLOGY ENGLISH APTITUDE No. of Questions 44 44 88 22 22 220
  49. 49. TABLE OF CONTENTS – PHYSICS F.Sc. and Non-F.Sc.              Physical Quantities and Units Forces Fluid Dynamics Light Waves Deformation of Solids Ideal Gases Heat and Thermodynamics Electronics Current Electricity Magnetism and Electromagnetism Modern Physics Nuclear Physics
  50. 50. TABLE OF CONTENTS – CHEMISTRY F.Sc. and Non-F.Sc.  Physical Chemistry  Fundamental Concepts  States of Matter  Atomic Structure  Chemical Bonding  Chemical Energetics  Solutions  Electrochemistry  Chemical Equilibrium  Reaction Kinetics
  51. 51. TABLE OF CONTENTS – CHEMISTRY F.Sc. and Non-F.Sc.  Inorganic Chemistry  Periods  Groups  Transition elements  Elements of Biological Importance
  52. 52. TABLE OF CONTENTS – CHEMISTRY F.Sc. and Non-F.Sc.  Organic Chemistry  Fundamental Principles  Hydrocarbon  Alkyl Halides  Alcohols and Phenols  Aldehydes and Ketones  Carboxylic Acid  Amino Acids  Macromolecules  Environmental Chemistry
  53. 53. TABLE OF CONTENTS – BIOLOGY F.Sc. and Non-F.Sc.  Introduction to Biology  Cell Biology  Biological Molecules  Microbiology  Kingdom Animalia and Plantae  Human Physiology  Bioenergetics  Biotechnology  Ecosystem  Evolution and Genetics
  54. 54. TABLE OF CONTENTS – BIOLOGY F.Sc. and Non-F.Sc. WHAT DOES APTITUDE TEST CONSIST OF? The Aptitude Test will consist of three subtests: Ethical, moral, professional and personality attributes: Assesses the  candidate‟s attitudes about moral, ethical and professional issues. It will also assess personality attributes of the candidates. There will be twelve questions in this section Quantitative and abstract reasoning: Assesses candidate’s ability to solve  numerical problems and abstract reasoning. There will be five questions in this section. Analytical reasoning and problem solving: Assesses candidate’s ability  to deal with various forms of information, to infer relationships, to make informed judgments, and decide upon an appropriate response. There will be five questions in this section.
  55. 55. MCAT Result - 2010
  56. 56. MCAT Result - 2010 Last year Minimum Percentage of Medical Colleges Admission = 81.3909 (895)
  57. 57. MCAT Test (Merit Calculation) The formula for the calculation of merit is as follows: A x 0.60 + B x 040 = C Where  A = FSc or equivalent examination marks B = Entrance Test marks C = Aggregate marks Example  FSc or equivalent marks = 944 / 1100 Entrance Test marks = 925 / 1100 Apply the formula:  944 x 0.60 + 925 x 0.40 = 936.4 Aggregate marks = 936.4 / 1100 Aggregate percentage which decides the merit position = 938.3 x 100/1100 = 85.127
  58. 58. Conclusion  Students who scored good grades in O Level examination must opt A Level.  Others can opt the business group.
  59. 59. Business Group Business Group Provides „You‟ • To impact the practice of management • To contribute to knowledge generation and dissemination • To develop individuals with the integrity and intellectual capacity assume a leadership role in society
  60. 60. Business Group Provides „You‟ Solid preparation Practical approach Good communication skills Openness to new ideas Ability to think on one’s feet Explores the new horizons
  61. 61. Business Society`s Specialities Business Society visits and activities  Provide a change in the monotony of life broaden students’ outlook b  Inculcate them the spirit of tolerance and mutual cooperation.  These opportunities also help YOU in learning adjustment in life  Adapt to new environments.  It creates dynamism and self- reliance keeping in view the multifarious advantages.