More Related Content


Simon Rowberry Nabokov & Morality

  1. Nabokov’s Do-It- Yourself Didacticism: Hypertextuality in Lolita and Pale Fire Nabokov and Morality 6th May 2011
  2. • My view of hypertext • The theme of hypertextuality in Nabokov’s corpus • How significant is hypertextuality to Nabokov’s approach to the novel • How does this influence the reader’s approach to the novel? • The effect on the morality and didacticism of the text
  3. • Explicit and implicit extension to the text (Nelson 1987:49) • Possible due to new ways of thinking in both mathematics and literature • Importance of Nelson Key Principles: • Multiple dimensions through temporal linearity • Flow NOT fragments • The process of reading and writing • The (personal) readerly vs. the (general) writerly • Layers of narrative within the text • Transclusion  Technical Intertextuality • The Web as Page + Link (schraefel 2007:123)
  4. • The index holds the network together (Hazel Bell) • Over half the links propel the reader towards Kinbote’s narrative strands • Successful spatial and temporal hypertext • Pale Fire teaches a hypertextual reading approach  Text with marginalia/paratext + searching (implicit hypertext) • Discarded fragment - ‘Student explains that when reading a novel he likes to skip passages 'so as to get his own idea about the book and not be influenced by the author’ (Quoted in Wood 1994:15)
  5. John Ray Jr’s Foreword Humbert’s prison narrative Humbert’sediting Nabokov’s(lackof)intervention The ‘truth’/The real Dolores Haze Humbert’s Point of View The myth of Lolita Humbert’s history pre-Lolita Humbert’s Diary
  6. • ‘Curiously enough, one cannot read a book: one can only reread it. A good reader, a major reader, an active and creative reader is a rereader’ (Nabokov 1983:3) • The Nabokovian macro-text (Nyegaard 2010:10) • Circularity in his fiction • Nabokov’s use of Parentheses in his fiction – Lolita (450 – 1.7/page) and Ada (>2000 – 3.4/page) • Index cards for composition • ‘The stupidest person in the world is an all-round genius compared to the cleverest computer’ (Nabokov 1990:142)
  7. • Conclusions cannot be made without rereading, if at all with any certainty • Makes the reader find the patterns in the text • Good (and bad) reading is hypertextual • Are these patterns inherent or receptional? • Disrupts spacetime/cause and effect • ‘I've drawn my scalpel through spacetime, space being the tumor’ (Nabokov 1990:116)
  8. • No single moral pathway or orientation • Hypertext allows the reader to choose their own morality • Nabokov distances himself from these decisions through hypertext • This is not generally true in hypertext which often propels you towards morality • Open-ended texts rather than ‘choose your own adventure’ • This allows Nabokov to tackle these more complex issues
  9. Nabokov’s Do-It- Yourself Didacticism: Hypertextuality in Lolita and Pale Fire Nabokov and Morality 6th May 2011