Mainstreaming Students using UDL


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Mainstreaming Students using UDL

  1. 1. Mainstreaming Students Using UDL By: Stephanie Prohaska Special Education Teacher
  2. 2. What is UDL? <ul><li>Universal Design for Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Helping all students achieve </li></ul><ul><li>Planning lessons: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Presented in multiple ways </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple ways of student expression. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple ways of student engagement and motivation. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Access for all <ul><li>Provide students with a wider variety of options. </li></ul><ul><li>Reach every student. </li></ul>
  4. 4. What UDL is NOT. <ul><li>Presenting each lesson differently to each student. </li></ul><ul><li>Not an IEP (Individualized Education Plan) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Instead, it is multiple means of: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Presentation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Representation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Expression </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Brain Based <ul><li>Based upon the knowledge that everyone can benefit and develop a deeper understanding when their brains are exposed to multiple ways of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Presenting the information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expressing the information (engagement) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Representing the information (assessments) </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. UDL Lesson Planning Example <ul><li>Locate an article on the web about dolphins. Then the students are given the opportunity to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Read the article by themselves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Listen to it read aloud to them </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Read it using a computer screen reader </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have a dictionary for them to look up words </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have WordWeb set up on a computer for them to access and define unknown words. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Setting Clear Goals <ul><li>Instead of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Every student will write an essay in cursive </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Achievable Goal of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students will write an essay </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Students could then: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Type it on the computer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Write it on paper </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speak it into a Voice Recorder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create the essay on StoryBird </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. What is Mainstreaming? <ul><li>Including students with disabilities in the regular classroom during different classes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Homeroom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Related Arts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Academic Classes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recess </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Field Trips and Fun Activities </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Benefits of Mainstreaming <ul><li>Students with disabilities: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Higher self-esteem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Higher academic skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Better social relationships </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Students without disabilities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tolerance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Self-worth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Better understanding of differences </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. How can UDL help teachers? <ul><li>Universal Design for learning can help all students in your classroom, not just the students with disabilities. </li></ul><ul><li>However, UDL ensures that the students being mainstreamed in your classroom can have full access to the education you are providing. </li></ul>
  11. 11. UDL and Mainstreaming <ul><li>If lessons are planned with multiple means of presentation, the students with disabilities will be more likely to understand it in one of the ways presented. </li></ul><ul><li>If given multiple ways of expressing their knowledge (assessment) they will be more likely to show higher accomplishments. </li></ul><ul><li>If given multiple ways of engagement and motivation, they are more likely to stay on task. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Misty: Reading Comprehension Disability <ul><li>She gets lost when reading “popcorn” style </li></ul><ul><li>She has not been attending Reading in the regular classroom because she could not understand or comprehend the stories. </li></ul><ul><li>While mainstreamed during reading, the students first read aloud, popcorn style </li></ul><ul><li>Then they listen to the story on tape </li></ul><ul><li>Then they act out the story like a play </li></ul>
  13. 13. Multiple ways of Presentation <ul><li>While students are being mainstreamed, use different presentation styles. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct Instruction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem Based Instruction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many examples and non examples </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Visual prompts and demonstrations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many opportunities for students to respond </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Multiple ways of Engagement <ul><li>When students are being mainstreamed, try to include many ways of motivation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Group work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Independent Activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manipulatives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Educational Games </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Multiple ways of Assessment <ul><li>When students are being mainstreamed in your classroom, use progress monitoring along the way to check for understanding. </li></ul><ul><li>Then assess in different ways: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Written and Verbal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Project Based </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Computer assessment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conferencing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Observation </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Technology as a tool <ul><li>UDL requires the integration of technology into lessons </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital Text </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web 2.0 Tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Videos </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SmartBoard Interactive Activities </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Mainstreaming is Possible <ul><li>Adopting UDL principals into your classroom will help, not only the mainstreamed students, but the regular students who need another way to expand their knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>UDL is a way to help foster mainstreaming quickly, with a quick transition for the student with a disability. </li></ul><ul><li>Access for all. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Mainstreaming = Collaboration <ul><li>Redefined roles </li></ul><ul><li>Special Educators and Regular Educators work together to create universally designed lessons. </li></ul><ul><li>Special Educators directly involved in making regular curriculum UDL </li></ul><ul><li>Regular Educators directly involved in customizing curriculum. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Team Approach <ul><li>Regular Educators and Special Educators participate in creating UDL units and building digital media collections. </li></ul><ul><li>No more “he’s your student.” </li></ul><ul><li>The student is a part of the whole school. </li></ul>
  20. 20. UDL Curriculum Development <ul><li>Books and textbooks will be adapted into digital format. </li></ul><ul><li>Manipulatives for all subject areas will be purchased and used within lessons as a way of presentation. </li></ul><ul><li>Information will be adapted for the SmartBoard </li></ul><ul><li>Projects will be developed within each unit as another way of expressing understanding </li></ul>
  21. 21. UDL Curriculum Development <ul><li>Workbooks will be scanned into the computer so they can be completed on the computer as well as with pencil and paper. </li></ul><ul><li>Screen readers will be available for the computers. </li></ul><ul><li>Tape recorders will be utilized in the classroom. </li></ul>
  22. 22. On going process <ul><li>Adapting UDL will help to mainstream students into the regular classroom and help reach every student in the classroom in the process. </li></ul><ul><li>While it will take awhile adapt the curriculum and grow the UDL supplies, it will be an on going process. </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboratively, we can reach every student in the school. </li></ul>
  23. 23. UDL can be the answer <ul><li>UDL can help reach every student. </li></ul>