Military Communications Systems

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Military Communications Systems

  1. 1. MILITARY COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS
  2. 2. INDEX SACNET Networks and Digital Radio Satellite communications systemsCommunications vehicles Network integration MILITARY COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS JANUARY, JANUARY, 2011
  3. 3. SACNET – ConceptionSecure satellite communications system. yStar topology Network.One -1- anchoring station ( g (Hub). )Twenty -20- remote locations.High capacity full-duplex links.Geostationary satellite.C band operation. Option for Ka bandModular and open Network.Centralized management.IP-based design. MILITARY COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS JANUARY, JANUARY, 2011
  4. 4. SACNET – Anchoring station Fixed station operating as communicationsnode.node Full duplex link with each remote location. One carrier per link (carrier capability up to2Mbps).2Mb ) IF interface: L band. Satellite access: Cband. User channel integration trough Ethernetinterface (IP). Capability to support customer-providedencryption. ti MILITARY COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS JANUARY, JANUARY, 2011
  5. 5. SACNET – Anchoring station Indoor equipment(baseband) and Outdoorequipment (RDFQ) Antenna diameter: 4.8m. Circular l i ti f d Ci l polarization feed. Transceiver power: 250W. QPSK modulation. modulation 1:1 redundancy for theradiofrequency subsystem. MILITARY COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS JANUARY, JANUARY, 2011
  6. 6. SACNET – Remote stations Modular architecture: basebandsubsystem and radiofrequencysubsystem. Full duplex link with the anchoringstation. Single-carrier of up to 2Mbps. IF interface: L band. Satelliteaccess: C band. band Local Control & Monitoring. Baseband interface: Ethernet (IP). MILITARY COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS JANUARY, JANUARY, 2011
  7. 7. SACNET – Remote stationsIndoor equipment (baseband) and Outdoor equipment (radiofrequency).Antenna diameter: 2.4m.Circular polarization feed.Transceiver power: 100W.QPSK modulation CONTROLLERSingle design (no redundancies). IP ROUTER IP SATELLITE (GATEWAY) TRANSCEIVER MODEM C BAND TX TX User IP IP L BAND L BAND TX channels RX RX RX IP Vac Vac V SPECTRUM ANALYZER LNA/LNB 2.4m ANTENNA Vac IF DISTRIBUTION LAPTOP UNIT COMPUTER Vac Vac Vac UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SYSTEM and POWER DISTRIBUTION FANS INDOOR RACK MILITARY COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS JANUARY, JANUARY, 2011
  8. 8. SACNET – Centralized network management system Modular system concept based on several units. Equipment Control & Monitoring (local andremote). Access planning unit. Network operation unit. Carrier monitoring unit. MILITARY COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS JANUARY, JANUARY, 2011
  9. 9. SACNET – Scope of supplyOne -1- anchoring station (hub).Twenty -20- remote stations.One -1- centralized Network supervision system.Supply and i t ll ti of th whole N tS l d installation f the h l Network. kOn-Site (hub) acceptance test.On SiteOn-Site (hub) training (Operation & Maintenance) Maintenance).Technical documentation (Operation & Maintenance).One -1- year warranty.DDU according INCOTERMS 2000.Civilian works not included. MILITARY COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS JANUARY, JANUARY, 2011
  10. 10. Networks and communications vehicles integration Based on TACS system, developed for theSpanish Army Army. Deployed and fielded since 1999. More than 400 stations have been delivered with21 diff different configurations. t fi ti PAM and Andalucía Networks for NATO HighReadiness Forces (L). 12 LEON nodes and 31 MERIDA vehicles havebeen delivered to the UME (Spanish MilitaryEmergency Unit). State f the t f St t of th art for emergency networks. t k MILITARY COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS JANUARY, JANUARY, 2011
  11. 11. C4ISR ON LINE SYSTEM INTEGRATION MILITARY COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS
  12. 12. C4ISR ON LINE SYSTEM INTEGRATION MILITARY COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS
  13. 13. C4ISR ON LINE SYSTEM INTEGRATION MILITARY COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS
  14. 14. Networks and communications vehicles integration Expertise MILITARY COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS JANUARY, JANUARY, 2011
  15. 15. Networks and communications vehicles integration Expertise MILITARY COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS JANUARY, JANUARY, 2011
  16. 16. Networks and communications vehicles integration Expertise MILITARY COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS JANUARY, JANUARY, 2011
  17. 17. Network and comms vehicles integration Network Deployment HQNIOVE L NIOVE M CP Bon MILITARY COMMUNICATIONS EMERGENCY UNIT JANUARY, JANUARY, 2011
  18. 18. NIOVE Communications MediaMILITARY COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS JANUARY, JANUARY, 2011
  19. 19. NIOVE – Vehicle ArchitectureData unit ne.on ne on BFT softwarePositioning sensors GPS / Inertial on the vehicle GPS of the PR4G F@stnet GPS of the communications unitInterrogator sensors Sophie MF & PR4G (RBCID) Telemetric designators BIFF (STANAG 4579)Communications unitC i ti it Manages the communications • TETRA/TETRAPOL • SATCOM/GPRS/UMTS • VHF/HF MILITARY COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS JANUARY, JANUARY, 2011
  20. 20. Example: System diagram for shelter stationMILITARY COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS JANUARY, JANUARY, 2011
  21. 21. Vehicle integration Radio communications VHF-ECCM (PR4G) deployed and in use since 1993 Manufactured under license More than 6,000 units delivered, another 5,500 contracted and in delivery (F@stnet) More than 2,000 vehicles delivered with 50 differentconfigurations for the vehicular stations Leopardo Pizarro Mercurio Madrid Centauro TRC-3000 HF Family LOS RadiolinksTRC 4000 in IV & V NATO bands Soldier portable PNR-500 Radiotransceptor Tactical Equipment for the HF-VHF-UHF bands Amper collaborates in the developments for the SDR MILITARY COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS JANUARY, JANUARY, 2011
  22. 22. Digital Radio systems Introduction Motorola has played a key role in ensuringthat the standard ETSI DMR meet marketneeds. It provides users with professional PMRradio multi-vendor solution: A competitive price titi i To protect investments Motorola has played a key role in ensuringthat the standard ETSI DMR meet marketneeds. Provides benefits that allow a digital value. Provides flexibility to P id fl ibilit t meet dit diverse needs. d Facilitates migration from analog systemssafely, quickly and at lower cost. Maximize the capacity of existing PMRspectrum MILITARY COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS JANUARY, JANUARY, 2011
  23. 23. Digital Radio systems – PMR systems PMR systemsADVANTAGES:• All in all• Easy to maintain• Proprietary Infrastructure• Easy to use• Group Calls• Economic Terminals DISADVANTAGES: • Easy to interfere • Eavesdroppers • Low spectral efficiency • Poor data Tx • Poor connection to other systems • Terminal Limited • Only voice and low speed data MILITARY COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS JANUARY, JANUARY, 2011
  24. 24. Digital Radio systems – Digital systems DIGITAL systemsADVANTAGES:• Robustness and reliability of the network• Spectral Efficiency• Security transfers are in the air interface encryption• Voice and data• Terminal Authentication• All in all• Emergency calls• Group Calls p• Priorities (only TETRA)• Duplex (only TETRA)• Integration DISADVANTAGES: • Investment in infrastructure • More locations (only in TETRA) • Specialized maintenance • Price of Terminals MILITARY COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS JANUARY, JANUARY, 2011
  25. 25. Digital Radio systems – TDMA SystemTDMA Double voice capacity Cheaper and more effective use of radio spectrum Reduces the cost equipment & license MILITARY COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS JANUARY, JANUARY, 2011
  26. 26. Digital Radio systems – Improved Talk TimeTDMA Enhances the durability of the battery up to 40% Further improvements to the ‘go-to-sleep’ & power management go to sleep Analogical & Digital FDMA Digital TDMA Radio parameters: Radio parameters: • TX consumption: 1700 mA • TX consumption: 1700 mA • RX consumption: p 200 mA • RX consumption: p 200 mA • Standby consumption: 60 mA • Standby consumption : 60 mA • Average consumption: 149 mA • Average consumption: 107 mA TDMA ratio: 1 TDMA ratio: 2 Talk time: 8hrs Talk time: 11.3hrs Estimate based on capacity 1200mAh battery with a cycle of using 5/5/90 MILITARY COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS JANUARY, JANUARY, 2011
  27. 27. Digital Radio systems – Improved Audio QualityImproved Audio Quality Digital Voice System Inc. (LVSD) + 2 AMBE Vocoder Background noise suppression B k d i i Clear transmission in noisy environments Noise Reduction at reception Reduce th i R d the impact of channel i t f t f h l interference and white noise d hit i Data IP Data Input Interface Voice Analogue Scrambling RF Vocoder & Framing Transmission Input to Digital MILITARY COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS JANUARY, JANUARY, 2011
  28. 28. Digital Radio systems – Privacy and securityPrivacy and security Digital systems offer inherent protection against involuntary listeners and scanners. MOTOTRBOTM also provides ‘scrambler’ protection type (one trillion codes). Safer and more competitive users MILITARY COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS JANUARY, JANUARY, 2011
  29. 29. Digital Radio systems – Integrated Data CapacityIntegrated Data Capacity Best-in-class GPS module Integrated Data Modem I dD M d Standard UDP / IP - IP Application Compatibility IP adress (IPv4) 2kbps 2kb approx. protected data slot t t dd t l t Future improvements: double transmission capacity with the dual-slot data Standard USB connection Text Messaging Direct radio to radio or through third-party applications Pre-programmed messages entered via CPS (30 messages) Increase Productivity and Competitiveness MILITARY COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS JANUARY, JANUARY, 2011
  30. 30. Digital Radio systems – IP57 ProtectionRobust professional working toolsLighter and smaller than equivalent analog radiosImproved environmental protectionAccelerated Lif T iA l d Life TestingMilitary Standards MIL-STD-810F IP57 Submersible Protection against dust 30 min – 1 m water column MILITARY COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS JANUARY, JANUARY, 2011
  31. 31. Digital Radio systems – ProgrammingEasy-to-use programming softwareRadio accessory port for USB computer interfaceSupports multiple languages: English, German, F E li h G French, S h Spanish, I li i h Italian, R Russian and P li h i d Polish. Basic user interface Advanced user interface MILITARY COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS JANUARY, JANUARY, 2011
  32. 32. Digital Radio systems – MaintenanceMaintenance and diagnosis in analog modeNo additional digital test equipment requiredApplication "Air Tracer" from PCMonitories ffiM i i traffic on the air to solve problems i the system h i l bl in hIdentify configuration issues USB over-air Air Tracer Ai T MILITARY COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS JANUARY, JANUARY, 2011
  33. 33. Digital Radio systems – Migration DIGITAL ANALOG Easy migration with minimal costMOTOTRBOTM radios enable analog operationAnalog and Digital coexistence in the same spectrumCompliant with existing specifications: EN300 086 EN300 113Digital Mode Channel simple accessSupports channel spacing of 12.5, 20 & 25kHzDoes not require the client to change its frequency plan MILITARY COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS JANUARY, JANUARY, 2011
  34. 34. Digital Radio systems – Migration phases MIGRATION PHASES – PHASE 1 CURRENT RADIOS Support Analog / Digital Analog Digital Benefits Repeater in ‘Local’ mode Analog repeater Channel 1 Direct analog connection OR MOTOTRBOTM MOTOTRBOTM Direct digital connectionMOTOTRBOTM repeater Analog 010011010110010010 (in analog mode) Repeater Channel 1 MILITARY COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS JANUARY, JANUARY, 2011
  35. 35. Digital Radio systems – Migration phases MIGRATION PHASES – PHASE 2 MOTOTRBOTM Full benefits of the digital di it l system tMOTOTRBOTM repeater 2 digital channels in digital mode MOTOTRBOTM MILITARY COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS JANUARY, JANUARY, 2011
  36. 36. THANKS!Contact : Yannick Gaillac,email: y.gaillac@starsightproject.comMob : +44 7968 761 952 info@aerosertec.com

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