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QCon Sao Paulo Keynote - Microservices, an Unexpected Journey

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Microservices are the hot new thing, but where did they come from, and where are they going?

This keynote will take you through the many origins of microservices. In it I’ll share with you some of the surprising influences and prior art that have shaped what they have become.

By understanding where microservices architectures have their roots, we can learn from the past and avoid making the same mistakes – and we can also start to see where microservices will be going next.

This talk was delivered as the keynote at QCon Sao Paulo in 2015.

Published in: Technology
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QCon Sao Paulo Keynote - Microservices, an Unexpected Journey

  1. 1. Q C O N S a o P a u l o 2 0 1 5 MICROSERVICES : AN UNEXPECTED JOURNEY Sam Newman
  2. 2. @samnewman
  3. 3. @samnewmanhttps://www.flickr.com/photos/vinothchandar/8053137993
  4. 4. @samnewman James Lewis @boicy 2010
  5. 5. @samnewman James Lewis @boicy 2010
  6. 6. @samnewman James Lewis @boicy 2010
  7. 7. @samnewman Microapps 2011
  8. 8. @samnewman Microapps No hyphen 2011
  9. 9. @samnewman 2012
  10. 10. @samnewman 2012
  11. 11. @samnewman Microapps 2012
  12. 12. @samnewman Microapps 2012
  13. 13. @samnewman Microapps Microservices 2012
  14. 14. @samnewman Microapps Microservices 2012 Still no hyphen
  15. 15. @samnewman
  16. 16. @samnewman 2012
  17. 17. @samnewman 2012 2015
  18. 18. @samnewman Sam Newman Building Microservices DESIGNING FINE-GRAINED SYSTEMS 2015
  19. 19. @samnewman https://www.eclipsecon.org/europe2014/session/scaling-and-orchestrating-microservices-osgi
  20. 20. @samnewman https://www.eclipsecon.org/europe2014/session/scaling-and-orchestrating-microservices-osgi “The OSGi community has been designing and developing microservices since 1998”
  21. 21. @samnewman 2010 http://blog.osgi.org/2010/03/services.html
  22. 22. @samnewman 2010 http://blog.osgi.org/2010/03/services.html “Maybe I should start a JSR to introduce µServices to the Java Standard Edition ...”
  23. 23. @samnewman http://java.dzone.com/articles/introduction-micro-services-ba 2008
  24. 24. @samnewman BEA's micro Service Architecture (mSA) 2006
  25. 25. @samnewman 2006 http://www.theregister.co.uk/2006/09/20/bea_soa_modular/
  26. 26. @samnewman 2006 http://www.theregister.co.uk/2006/09/20/bea_soa_modular/ “Hard details of SOA 360 are lacking, but BEA says MSA will use a number of key protocols and standards including OSGi, SOAP, WSDL, SAML, JSP and JSR-168.”
  27. 27. @samnewman Service Oriented Architecture
  28. 28. @samnewman “Netflix embraces Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) composed of many small fine grained services that do one thing and one thing well.” http://techblog.netflix.com/2015/02/whats-trending-on-netflix.html
  29. 29. @samnewman https://www.gartner.com/doc/302868?ref=ddisp 1996
  30. 30. @samnewman https://www.gartner.com/doc/302868?ref=ddisp 1996
  31. 31. @samnewman 2000 - Now
  32. 32. @samnewman https://www.flickr.com/photos/paldies/87571877 1998
  33. 33. @samnewman Film: 2006
  34. 34. @samnewman
  35. 35. @samnewman WS-
  36. 36. @samnewman 2003 - Now! https://www.oasis-open.org/standards
  37. 37. @samnewman Presentation Business Data Access
  38. 38. @samnewman Presentation Business Data Access
  39. 39. @samnewman Presentation Business Data Access
  40. 40. @samnewman Presentation Business Data Access
  41. 41. @samnewman 2006
  42. 42. @samnewman 2006
  43. 43. @samnewman 1980s RPC
  44. 44. @samnewman 1970s Doug McIlroy
  45. 45. @samnewman 1970s Doug McIlroy ‘|’
  46. 46. @samnewman 1970s Doug McIlroy ‘|’ ls -al | grep ‘sam’
  47. 47. @samnewman “(i) Make each program do one thing well. To do a new job, build afresh rather than complicate old programs by adding new features.”
  48. 48. @samnewman “(i) Expect the output of every program to become the input to another, as yet unknown, program. Don't clutter output with extraneous information. Avoid stringently columnar or binary input formats. Don't insist on interactive input..”
  49. 49. @samnewman “(iii) Design and build software, even operating systems, to be tried early, ideally within weeks. Don't hesitate to throw away the clumsy parts and rebuild them.”
  50. 50. @samnewman 1972
  51. 51. @samnewman 1972 “This paper discusses modularisation as a mechanism for improving the flexibility and comprehensibility of a system while allowing the shortening of its development time"
  52. 52. @samnewman
  53. 53. @samnewman 1972 Module Paper
  54. 54. @samnewman 1972 Module Paper 1970s UNIX
  55. 55. @samnewman 1972 Module Paper 1970s UNIX 1980s RPC
  56. 56. @samnewman 1972 Module Paper 1970s UNIX 1980s RPC 1996 SOA
  57. 57. @samnewman 1972 Module Paper 1970s UNIX 1980s RPC 1996 SOA 1998 SOAP
  58. 58. @samnewman 1972 Module Paper 1970s UNIX 1980s RPC 1996 SOA 1998 SOAP 2000 REST
  59. 59. @samnewman 1972 Module Paper 1970s UNIX 1980s RPC 1996 SOA 1998 SOAP 2006 AWS 2000 REST
  60. 60. @samnewman 1972 Module Paper 1970s UNIX 1980s RPC 1996 SOA 1998 SOAP 2006 AWS 2000 REST 2015 The Year Of Microservices!
  61. 61. @samnewman 2015 http://www.javaworld.com/article/2863409/soa/why-2015-will-be-the-year-of-microservices.html
  62. 62. @samnewman ??? 2000 REST 98 AP 2006 AWS 2015 The Year Of Microservices!
  63. 63. @samnewmanhttps://www.flickr.com/photos/expressmonorail/3694867130 The Future?
  64. 64. @samnewman Get ready to photograph slides so everyone can tell Sam in a few years how wrong he was
  65. 65. @samnewman DOCKER INTEREST
  66. 66. @samnewman
  67. 67. @samnewman DOCKER INTEREST
  68. 68. @samnewman DOCKER INTEREST Docker!
  69. 69. @samnewman DOCKER INTEREST Docker! Microservices :-(
  70. 70. @samnewman DOCKER INTEREST Docker Microservices :-(
  71. 71. @samnewman DOCKER INTEREST Docker Microservices :-( Pirates
  72. 72. @samnewman THE YEAR OF DOCKER IN THE ENTERPRISE
  73. 73. @samnewman THE YEAR OF DOCKER IN THE ENTERPRISE 2015
  74. 74. @samnewman THE YEAR OF DOCKER IN THE ENTERPRISE 2015?
  75. 75. @samnewman
  76. 76. @samnewman Infrastructure As A Service (IAAS)
  77. 77. @samnewman Infrastructure As A Service (IAAS) Platform As A Service (PAAS)
  78. 78. @samnewman Infrastructure As A Service (IAAS) Platform As A Service (PAAS) Container As A Service (CAAS)
  79. 79. @samnewman Infrastructure As A Service (IAAS) Platform As A Service (PAAS) Container As A Service (CAAS)
  80. 80. @samnewman Infrastructure As A Service (IAAS) Platform As A Service (PAAS) Container As A Service (CAAS)
  81. 81. @samnewman Infrastructure As A Service (IAAS) Platform As A Service (PAAS) Container As A Service (CAAS)
  82. 82. @samnewman Infrastructure As A Service (IAAS) Platform As A Service (PAAS) Container As A Service (CAAS)
  83. 83. @samnewman Infrastructure As A Service (IAAS) Platform As A Service (PAAS) Container As A Service (CAAS) Today
  84. 84. @samnewman Infrastructure As A Service (IAAS) Platform As A Service (PAAS) Container As A Service (CAAS) Today 2015 - 2016
  85. 85. @samnewman Infrastructure As A Service (IAAS) Platform As A Service (PAAS) Container As A Service (CAAS) Today 2015 - 2016 2016+
  86. 86. @samnewman MESOS
  87. 87. @samnewman MESOS 2016
  88. 88. @samnewman Infrastructure As A Service (IAAS) Platform As A Service (PAAS) Container As A Service (CAAS) Today 2015 - 2016 2016+
  89. 89. @samnewman Infrastructure As A Service (IAAS) Platform As A Service (PAAS) Container As A Service (CAAS) Today 2015 - 2016 2016+
  90. 90. @samnewman DATA GRAVITY
  91. 91. @samnewman DATA GRAVITY Service Machine
  92. 92. @samnewman DATA GRAVITY Service Machine Data Store
  93. 93. @samnewman DATA GRAVITY Service Machine Data Store
  94. 94. @samnewman DATA GRAVITY Service Machine Data Store
  95. 95. @samnewman Data Service Service Service Service
  96. 96. @samnewman Data Service Service Service Service
  97. 97. @samnewman
  98. 98. @samnewman ACTOR-BASED SYSTEMS?
  99. 99. @samnewman ACTOR-BASED SYSTEMS?
  100. 100. @samnewman ACTOR-BASED SYSTEMS? service discovery
  101. 101. @samnewman ACTOR-BASED SYSTEMS? service discovery load balancing
  102. 102. @samnewman ACTOR-BASED SYSTEMS? service discovery load balancing auto-scaling
  103. 103. @samnewman ACTOR-BASED SYSTEMS? service discovery load balancing auto-scaling comms
  104. 104. @samnewman ACTOR-BASED SYSTEMS? service discovery load balancing auto-scaling fault tolerance comms
  105. 105. @samnewman http://www.reactivemanifesto.org/
  106. 106. @samnewman51 Infrastructure As A Service (IAAS) Platform As A Service (PAAS) Container As A Service (CAAS) Today 2015 - 2016 2016+
  107. 107. @samnewman51 Infrastructure As A Service (IAAS) Platform As A Service (PAAS) Container As A Service (CAAS) Today 2015 - 2016 2016+
  108. 108. @samnewman A single-purpose, single-language runtime hosted on a minimal system Unikernels
  109. 109. @samnewman 53 Machine UNIKERNELS V CONTAINERS
  110. 110. @samnewman 53 Machine Kernel UNIKERNELS V CONTAINERS
  111. 111. @samnewman 53 Machine Kernel Operating System UNIKERNELS V CONTAINERS
  112. 112. @samnewman 53 Machine Kernel Operating System Docker UNIKERNELS V CONTAINERS
  113. 113. @samnewman 53 Machine Kernel Operating System Docker OS App UNIKERNELS V CONTAINERS
  114. 114. @samnewman 53 Machine Kernel Operating System Docker OS App OS App UNIKERNELS V CONTAINERS
  115. 115. @samnewman 53 Machine Kernel Operating System Docker OS App OS App OS App UNIKERNELS V CONTAINERS
  116. 116. @samnewman 53 Machine Kernel Operating System Docker OS App OS App OS App Machine UNIKERNELS V CONTAINERS
  117. 117. @samnewman 53 Machine Kernel Operating System Docker OS App OS App OS App Machine Kernel UNIKERNELS V CONTAINERS
  118. 118. @samnewman 53 Machine Kernel Operating System Docker OS App OS App OS App Machine Kernel Xen UNIKERNELS V CONTAINERS
  119. 119. @samnewman 53 Machine Kernel Operating System Docker OS App OS App OS App Machine Kernel Xen App UNIKERNELS V CONTAINERS
  120. 120. @samnewman 53 Machine Kernel Operating System Docker OS App OS App OS App Machine Kernel Xen App App UNIKERNELS V CONTAINERS
  121. 121. @samnewman 53 Machine Kernel Operating System Docker OS App OS App OS App Machine Kernel Xen App App App UNIKERNELS V CONTAINERS
  122. 122. @samnewman 53 Machine Kernel Operating System Docker OS App OS App OS App Machine Kernel Xen App App App UNIKERNELS V CONTAINERS 2016+
  123. 123. @samnewman “There’s no future where there’s less servers” - Luke Kanies
  124. 124. @samnewman The Data Center
  125. 125. @samnewman Storage The Data Center
  126. 126. @samnewman Storage Compute The Data Center
  127. 127. @samnewman Storage Compute Network The Data Center
  128. 128. @samnewman Storage Compute Network The Data Center Virtualisation Virtualisation
  129. 129. @samnewman Storage Compute Network The Data Center Virtualisation Virtualisation S3
  130. 130. @samnewman Storage Compute Network The Data Center Virtualisation Virtualisation S3 Docker / EC2
  131. 131. @samnewman Storage Compute Network The Data Center Virtualisation Virtualisation S3 Docker / EC2
  132. 132. @samnewman Storage Compute Network The Data Center Virtualisation Virtualisation S3 Docker / EC2 VLan, OpenFlow
  133. 133. @samnewman Storage Compute Network The Data Center Virtualisation Virtualisation S3 Docker / EC2 VLan, OpenFlow SDN
  134. 134. @samnewman ??? Storage Compute Network The Data Center Virtualisation Virtualisation S3 Docker / EC2 VLan, OpenFlow SDN
  135. 135. @samnewman
  136. 136. @samnewman $50 million in funding over 5 years
  137. 137. @samnewman $50 million in funding over 5 years Bought last year by VMWare for $1.26 billion
  138. 138. @samnewman http://www.forbes.com/sites/benkepes/2014/08/06/docker-raising-monster-funding-round-because-vmware-disruption/
  139. 139. @samnewman http://www.forbes.com/sites/benkepes/2014/08/06/docker-raising-monster-funding-round-because-vmware-disruption/ “…at a huge $400 million valuation"
  140. 140. @samnewman
  141. 141. @samnewman 2015!
  142. 142. @samnewman
  143. 143. @samnewman
  144. 144. @samnewman Perimeter
  145. 145. @samnewman Perimeter THE CRISPY OUTER SHELL PATTERN
  146. 146. @samnewmanhttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Beaumaris_plan,_Cadw.jpg
  147. 147. @samnewman http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Beaumaris_aerial.jpg#mediaviewer/ File:Beaumaris_aerial.jpg
  148. 148. @samnewman Kernel
  149. 149. @samnewman Kernel
  150. 150. @samnewman Kernel
  151. 151. @samnewman Kernel
  152. 152. @samnewman Kernel Today!
  153. 153. @samnewman Kernel OS
  154. 154. @samnewman Kernel OS Machine-level firewalls
  155. 155. @samnewman Kernel OS
  156. 156. @samnewman Kernel OS Database Service
  157. 157. @samnewman Kernel OS Database Service Data at transit
  158. 158. @samnewman Kernel OS Database Service Data at rest Data at transit
  159. 159. @samnewman Service Service Service Service Service Service
  160. 160. @samnewman Service Service Service Service Service Service
  161. 161. @samnewman Service Service Service Service Service Service
  162. 162. @samnewman Service Service Service Service Service Service VLANS SDN
  163. 163. @samnewman Service Service Service Service Service Service VLANS SDN API Gateways
  164. 164. @samnewman Service Service Service Service Service Service VLANS SDN API Gateways
  165. 165. @samnewman Service Service Service Service Service Service VLANS SDN Repsheet API Gateways
  166. 166. @samnewman Service Service Service Service Service Service VLANS SDN Repsheet API Gateways
  167. 167. @samnewman
  168. 168. @samnewman Repsheet
  169. 169. @samnewman Repsheet
  170. 170. @samnewman Repsheet User-centred behavioural security
  171. 171. @samnewman Repsheet User-centred behavioural security 2016+
  172. 172. @samnewman Repsheet User-centred behavioural security 2016+Now!
  173. 173. @samnewman Repsheet User-centred behavioural security 2016+Now! Or 2017 :-(
  174. 174. @samnewman Service
  175. 175. @samnewman Service Service
  176. 176. @samnewman Service Service Service
  177. 177. @samnewman Service Service Service Service
  178. 178. @samnewman Service Service Service Service
  179. 179. @samnewman Service Service Service FUNCTIONAL REACTIVE GOES MAINSTREAM Service
  180. 180. @samnewman Service Service Service FUNCTIONAL REACTIVE GOES MAINSTREAM Service 2015!
  181. 181. @samnewman https://github.com/reactive-streams/reactive-streams-io/issues/1
  182. 182. @samnewman
  183. 183. @samnewman Sam Newman Building Microservices DESIGNING FINE-GRAINED SYSTEMS
  184. 184. Sam Newman @samnewman http://samnewman.io/ THANKS!

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