What is problem-based learning? Though many people use the terms project-based learning and problem-based learning interchangeably, a distinction can be made based on whether the focus is on the product or on the process. Typically, with project-based learning the focus is on the outcome, the product. In problem-based learning the focus is on inquiry and the problem-solving process itself rather than on fashioning a product. The difference lies in the goal of the learning experience. We consider problem-based learning a subset of project-based learning, a particular type of project-based learning with the distinguishing feature of initiating learning with a problem, one that is open-ended, ill-structured, intricate, and then focusing on the complex process of solving it.
Why use problem-based learning? It promotes desirable student outcomes. Intentional learning (Bereiter & Scardamalia, 1989) refers to the purposeful construction of knowledge. Goal-setting is an important component as the learner establishes a personal agenda for acquiring knowledge and understanding information. Relational understanding (Skemp, 1978) may be defined as “knowing both what to do and why.” It stands in contrast to instrumental understanding, which is described as “rules without reason.” Also see Niedelman (1991).
Problem Based Learning by Marilyn
Common CoreCommon Core
PROBLEM-BASED LEARNINGPROBLEM-BASED LEARNING
THE CONNECTIONTHE CONNECTION
Presented by MarilynPresented by Marilyn
PURPOSE OF PRESENTATIONPURPOSE OF PRESENTATION
Overview of Problem-Based LearningOverview of Problem-Based Learning
The “P” in P.B.L.The “P” in P.B.L.
Connect P.B.L. to Common CoreConnect P.B.L. to Common Core
The “P” in PBLThe “P” in PBL
P.B.L. engages students by the design of
real world problems. The process of
problem-solving stimulates meaningful
experiences that build knowledge,
collaboration, shared resources and high
levels of engagement.
WHAT’S THE DIFFERENCE?
Project-based vs. Problem-based
“It’s not that I’m that smart, I just stay with problems longer.”
AN EFFECTIVE PROBLEM ISAN EFFECTIVE PROBLEM IS
Student CenteredStudent Centered
THE P.B.L. – C.C. CONNECTIONTHE P.B.L. – C.C. CONNECTION
How does Problem-Based Learning support Common Core?How does Problem-Based Learning support Common Core?
An effectively designed problem drives skill acquisition and
encourages exploration, such as research and investigation
Process drives content realization and real world connections
Product demonstrates content synthesis
Collaboration and shared resources are keyCollaboration and shared resources are key
Technology integration facilitates deeper cognitionTechnology integration facilitates deeper cognition
THE P.B.L.-COMMON CORE RELATION
• Identify Problem, Investigate, Research
and Make Connections to Real Life
• Think critically and creatively
• Use Technology to facilitate process
• Collaborate and Share Resources
• Reflect on Process and Product