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By
Malika Hasija (67)
Harmanpreet kaur (49)
 Socio economic status has been defined as
the position that an individual or family
occupies with reference to the preva...
 It is determined on the basis of education,
occupation and income level.
 Based on these variables, socioeconomic
statu...
 Kuppuswami’s method takes into
consideration the education, occupation and
monthly income of respondent to classify or
d...
 Profession or honors 7
 Graduate or postgraduate 6
 Intermediate or post high school diploma5
 High school certificat...
 Professional 10
 Semi professional 6
 Clerical, shop-owner, farmer 5
 Skilled worker 4
 Semi-skilled worker 3
 Unsk...
 Above Rs. 38,600 12
 Rs.19,291-38,599 10
 Rs.14,463-19,290 6
 Rs.9,634-14,462 4
 Rs.5,773-9,633 3
 Rs.1,933-5,772 2...
 Total SCORE = A+B+C SOCIAL CLASS
26-29 1(upper class)
16-25 2(upper middle)
11-15 3(lower middle)
5-10 4(upper lower)
Be...
 There is an overemphasis on income, rather
than educational and occupational factors.
 It is used for urban families on...
 This method takes into consideration of
caste, occupation, education, land holding,
social participation, family size, h...
 Income may be concealed and it may not be
easy to determine. The scale is easy to use.
 To determine the level of pover...
A) Caste
Scheduled caste 1
Lower caste 2
Artisan caste 3
Agriculture caste 4
Prestige caste 5
Dominant caste 6
B) Occupation
None 0
Laborer 1
Caste occupation 2
Business 3
Independent profession 4
Cultivation 5
Service 6
C)Education
Illiterate 0
Can read only 1
Can read and write 2
Primary 3
Middle 4
High school 5
Graduate 6
Above 7
D)Land
No land 0
Less than 1 acre 1
1-5 acre 2
5-10 acre 3
10-15 acre 4
15-20 acre 5
20 and above 6
E)Social participation
None 0
Member of one organization 1
Member of more than one organization 2
Office holder in such or...
F)Family members
Single 1
Joint 2
Extended 3
Size up to 5 2
Any other distribution feature 2
G)House
No house 1
Kutcha hou...
H)Farm power
No draught(Buffalos/cows) 1
1-2 draught animals 2
3-4 draught animals 3
5-6 draught animals or tractor 6
I)Material possession
Bullock cart 0
Cycle 1
Radio 2
Chairs 3
Mobile phone 4
Television 5
Refrigerators 6
SCORE CLASS
More than 43 1
33-42 2
24-32 3
13-23 4
Less than 13 5
 Its use is only limited to rural population.
 It contains too many components that are
difficult to access.
 Socioeconomic status of family can also be
known by criteria proposed by BG Prasad
which includes per capita monthly inc...
 SES Class Per capita monthly income
1 Rs.5,571 and above
2 Rs.2,786-5,570
3 Rs.1,671-2,785
4 Rs.836-1,670
5 < Rs. 836
 SES Class Lower limit (Rs.) upper limit(Rs.)
1 5,798 infinity
2 2,899 5797
3 1,739 2,898
4 8,70 1,738
5 0 869
 One of the main limitation of using per capita
is that it does not actually measure
development.
 As per capita income ...
Variables Categories Score
1.Source of drinking tap(own) 3
Water tap shared 2
hand pump+well 1
others 0
2.Type of house pu...
3.Source of lighting electricity 2
kerosene 1
others 0
4.Fuel for cooking LPG 2
kerosene 1
others 0
5.Toilet facility own ...
6.ownership of items: fan 2
radio 2
sewing machine 2
television 2
telephone 3
bicycle 2
motor cycle/scooter 3
car 4
tracto...
 On the basis of total score households are
divided into three categories as:
 Low-if total score is less than or equal ...
 It is an economic benchmark and poverty
threshold used by the government of India to
indicate economic disadvantage and ...
Socioeconomic status scales
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Socioeconomic status scales Slide 1 Socioeconomic status scales Slide 2 Socioeconomic status scales Slide 3 Socioeconomic status scales Slide 4 Socioeconomic status scales Slide 5 Socioeconomic status scales Slide 6 Socioeconomic status scales Slide 7 Socioeconomic status scales Slide 8 Socioeconomic status scales Slide 9 Socioeconomic status scales Slide 10 Socioeconomic status scales Slide 11 Socioeconomic status scales Slide 12 Socioeconomic status scales Slide 13 Socioeconomic status scales Slide 14 Socioeconomic status scales Slide 15 Socioeconomic status scales Slide 16 Socioeconomic status scales Slide 17 Socioeconomic status scales Slide 18 Socioeconomic status scales Slide 19 Socioeconomic status scales Slide 20 Socioeconomic status scales Slide 21 Socioeconomic status scales Slide 22 Socioeconomic status scales Slide 23 Socioeconomic status scales Slide 24 Socioeconomic status scales Slide 25 Socioeconomic status scales Slide 26 Socioeconomic status scales Slide 27 Socioeconomic status scales Slide 28 Socioeconomic status scales Slide 29 Socioeconomic status scales Slide 30 Socioeconomic status scales Slide 31
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Socioeconomic status scales

  1. 1. By Malika Hasija (67) Harmanpreet kaur (49)
  2. 2.  Socio economic status has been defined as the position that an individual or family occupies with reference to the prevailing average standards of cultural and material possessions, income, and participation in group activity of the community.
  3. 3.  It is determined on the basis of education, occupation and income level.  Based on these variables, socioeconomic status has been measured by following methods  Kuppuswami’s Method  Udai Pareek’s Method  Prasad’s Method  Rahudkar scales  Jalota scale  Kulshrestha scale  Shrivastava scale  Bharadwaj scale
  4. 4.  Kuppuswami’s method takes into consideration the education, occupation and monthly income of respondent to classify or determine socioeconomic status.  Each component is given a weighted score and then the total score is summed up and the individual/family can be classified.  The level of income is updated on the basis of consumer price index (CPI).
  5. 5.  Profession or honors 7  Graduate or postgraduate 6  Intermediate or post high school diploma5  High school certificate 4  Middle school certificate 3  Primary school certificate 2  Illiterate 1
  6. 6.  Professional 10  Semi professional 6  Clerical, shop-owner, farmer 5  Skilled worker 4  Semi-skilled worker 3  Unskilled worker 2  Unemployed 1
  7. 7.  Above Rs. 38,600 12  Rs.19,291-38,599 10  Rs.14,463-19,290 6  Rs.9,634-14,462 4  Rs.5,773-9,633 3  Rs.1,933-5,772 2  Rs.<1,932 1
  8. 8.  Total SCORE = A+B+C SOCIAL CLASS 26-29 1(upper class) 16-25 2(upper middle) 11-15 3(lower middle) 5-10 4(upper lower) Below 5 5(lower)
  9. 9.  There is an overemphasis on income, rather than educational and occupational factors.  It is used for urban families only.
  10. 10.  This method takes into consideration of caste, occupation, education, land holding, social participation, family size, housing, farm power, material possession.  Each of these component is given weighted score and by summing up all the components the SES can be determined and categorized into several classes.
  11. 11.  Income may be concealed and it may not be easy to determine. The scale is easy to use.  To determine the level of poverty, these criteria can be adopted to classify the family as below poverty line (BPL) or above poverty line (APL).
  12. 12. A) Caste Scheduled caste 1 Lower caste 2 Artisan caste 3 Agriculture caste 4 Prestige caste 5 Dominant caste 6
  13. 13. B) Occupation None 0 Laborer 1 Caste occupation 2 Business 3 Independent profession 4 Cultivation 5 Service 6
  14. 14. C)Education Illiterate 0 Can read only 1 Can read and write 2 Primary 3 Middle 4 High school 5 Graduate 6 Above 7
  15. 15. D)Land No land 0 Less than 1 acre 1 1-5 acre 2 5-10 acre 3 10-15 acre 4 15-20 acre 5 20 and above 6
  16. 16. E)Social participation None 0 Member of one organization 1 Member of more than one organization 2 Office holder in such organization 3 Wider public leader 4
  17. 17. F)Family members Single 1 Joint 2 Extended 3 Size up to 5 2 Any other distribution feature 2 G)House No house 1 Kutcha house 2 Mixed house 3 Pucca house 4 Mansion 5
  18. 18. H)Farm power No draught(Buffalos/cows) 1 1-2 draught animals 2 3-4 draught animals 3 5-6 draught animals or tractor 6
  19. 19. I)Material possession Bullock cart 0 Cycle 1 Radio 2 Chairs 3 Mobile phone 4 Television 5 Refrigerators 6
  20. 20. SCORE CLASS More than 43 1 33-42 2 24-32 3 13-23 4 Less than 13 5
  21. 21.  Its use is only limited to rural population.  It contains too many components that are difficult to access.
  22. 22.  Socioeconomic status of family can also be known by criteria proposed by BG Prasad which includes per capita monthly income of an individual. It is computed as:  Per capita monthly income=total monthly income of the family/total members of family
  23. 23.  SES Class Per capita monthly income 1 Rs.5,571 and above 2 Rs.2,786-5,570 3 Rs.1,671-2,785 4 Rs.836-1,670 5 < Rs. 836
  24. 24.  SES Class Lower limit (Rs.) upper limit(Rs.) 1 5,798 infinity 2 2,899 5797 3 1,739 2,898 4 8,70 1,738 5 0 869
  25. 25.  One of the main limitation of using per capita is that it does not actually measure development.  As per capita income is a mean value. It does not reflect actual income distribution.
  26. 26. Variables Categories Score 1.Source of drinking tap(own) 3 Water tap shared 2 hand pump+well 1 others 0 2.Type of house pucca 4 semi-pucca 2 katcha 0
  27. 27. 3.Source of lighting electricity 2 kerosene 1 others 0 4.Fuel for cooking LPG 2 kerosene 1 others 0 5.Toilet facility own flush toilet 4 own pit toilet 2 shared toilet 2 no toilet 0
  28. 28. 6.ownership of items: fan 2 radio 2 sewing machine 2 television 2 telephone 3 bicycle 2 motor cycle/scooter 3 car 4 tractor 4
  29. 29.  On the basis of total score households are divided into three categories as:  Low-if total score is less than or equal to 9.  Medium-if total score is greater than 9 but less than or equal to 19.  High-if the score is greater than 19
  30. 30.  It is an economic benchmark and poverty threshold used by the government of India to indicate economic disadvantage and to identify individuals and households in need of government assistance and aid. According to the budget of 2011-12:  Rural –Rs.27 per day  Urban –Rs.33 per day  And as per 2014 budget  urban Rs.47/day  Rural Rs.32/day
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socioeconomic status scales by mallika hasija and harmanpreet kaur (MBBS) adesh univeristy

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