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EXTRACTION FORCEPS
Parts of extaction forceps 
Beak: 
The beaks of extraction forceps are designed to fit around the 
curve of the tooth’s cr...
Handle: 
A serrated handle allows the operator to have a better grip. 
A palm grasp is used with the handle of extraction ...
Bayonet Extraction Forceps: 
Elongated beak is designed for extraction of maxillary 
third molars and roots.
Upper Right Permanent Molar Extraction Forceps:
Identifying Features: 
To determine whether left or right forceps: 
Hold forceps in hand loosely (beak facing patient). 
T...
Upper Left Permanent Molar 
Extraction Forceps: 
False Friends: 
Upper Right Permanent Molar Extraction Forceps
Upper Root Extraction Forceps 
The extended beak is designed for extraction of maxillary 
roots.
Upper Premolar Extraction Forceps 
Function: 
Used for extraction of maxillary permanent canines, premolars and anterior d...
Upper Permanent Anterior 
Extraction Forceps 
Function: 
Used for extraction of maxillary anterior permanent teeth. Smalle...
Lower Premolar Extraction Forceps 
•Used for extraction of mandibular permanent anterior and premolar teeth. 
•Can be used...
Lower Permanent Molar Extraction Forceps 
Function and Feature: 
•Used for extraction of mandibular permanent teeth. 
•Poi...
Lower Root Extraction Forceps 
Function: 
•Used for extraction of permanent mandibular roots. 
•Can be used on mandibular ...
CowHorn Extraction Forceps 
Function and Features: 
•Used for extraction of mandibular permanent molars. 
•Point of the be...
Lower Deciduous Anterior Extraction Forceps 
Functions: 
•Used for extraction of deciduous mandibular molar teeth. 
•Can b...
Howarths Periosteal Elevator 
Functions and Features: 
Retraction. 
To separate the tissue from the bone. 
One working end...
Stainless Steel Scalpel Handle
Spoon Curette / Surgical Curette 
Function and Features: 
Used in the socket of an extracted tooth to remove debris and in...
Curved Surgical Scissors
Straight Surgical Scissors 
Functions: 
Sharp pointed scissors are used for cutting soft tissues in surgical procedures. 
...
Bone Nibblers 
Functions and Features: 
•Used to trim sharp edges of bone remaining 
after extractions. 
•Usually used dur...
Bone Nibblers
Bone File 
Functions and Direction for Use: 
Used to remove and smooth sharp pieces of alveolar 
bone remaining after extr...
Mosquito Artery Forceps – Straight 
Functions and Features: 
•Used for grasping objects and holding them securely. 
•Can b...
Mosquito Artery Forceps – Straight
Mosquito Artery Forceps – Curved 
Functions and Features: 
•Used for grasping objects and holding them securely. 
•Can be ...
Mosquito Artery Forceps – Curved
Mayo Needle Holder 
Functions and Features: 
Used along with tissue dissecting forceps during suturing. 
Locking mechanism...
Mayo Needle Holder
Tissue Dissecting Forceps 
Functions and Features: 
•Used to retract tissues, ‘teeth’ on working end aid in grasping tissu...
Suture Scissors 
Functions and Features: 
•Scissors designed for suture removal. 
•Blades – one has a curved edge and one ...
Suture Scissors
Hemostat 
Function: To grasp tissue or bone fragment Characteristics: 
Has variety of functions. Working end is serrated a...
Tongue and Cheek Retractor 
Function: To hold and retract tongue or cheek 
Characteristics: 
Styles and sizes vary. Also c...
Tissue Scissors 
Function: To cut tissue. 
Characteristics: 
Can be straight or curved. Variety of shapes and 
sizes.
root elevators
Parts of an Elevator
Types of elevator: 
1- 
a-Warwick James Elevator – Straight.
b-Warwick James Elevators – Left and Right: 
Available as left and right elevators, designed to adapt to the mesial and 
d...
2-Couplands Chisel: 
Available in sizes 1, 2 and 3 – working end gets larger with increase in size 
number. 
False Friends...
Cryers Elevators – Left and Right 
Function: 
•Used to remove interseptal bone. 
•Used to loosen root tips.
Winter’s elevator 
Shank at 90 degree to handle & working tip at an angle to 
shank Blade has convex and flat Surface In p...
Apexo root Elevators 
Used to remove maxillary root stumps.
the most used dental instruments in dental clinic
the most used dental instruments in dental clinic
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the most used dental instruments in dental clinic

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the most used dental instruments in dental clinic

  1. 1. EXTRACTION FORCEPS
  2. 2. Parts of extaction forceps Beak: The beaks of extraction forceps are designed to fit around the curve of the tooth’s crown. Universal forceps have a beak that can be used in any quadrant of the mouth. Forceps designed for multi-rooted teeth have beaks with a point that is adapted to grip the tooth furcation. Forceps designed for single-rooted teeth usually have smooth beaks. Hinge: Extraction forceps have hinges (can be screw or pin type) allowing the beak and handle to be opened and grasped. Care must be taken with hinges to prevent damage during sterilisation.
  3. 3. Handle: A serrated handle allows the operator to have a better grip. A palm grasp is used with the handle of extraction forceps. A curve on the end of the handle may be present for the little finger, to provide more stability and leverage. Handles of maxillary forceps are often curved upwards, with the beak in line with the handle. Mandibular forceps tend to have a straight handle with the beak at a 90° angle to the handle.
  4. 4. Bayonet Extraction Forceps: Elongated beak is designed for extraction of maxillary third molars and roots.
  5. 5. Upper Right Permanent Molar Extraction Forceps:
  6. 6. Identifying Features: To determine whether left or right forceps: Hold forceps in hand loosely (beak facing patient). The point of the beak should grip the furcation on the buccal side (‘beak to cheek’). False Friends: Upper Left Permanent Molar Extraction Forceps
  7. 7. Upper Left Permanent Molar Extraction Forceps: False Friends: Upper Right Permanent Molar Extraction Forceps
  8. 8. Upper Root Extraction Forceps The extended beak is designed for extraction of maxillary roots.
  9. 9. Upper Premolar Extraction Forceps Function: Used for extraction of maxillary permanent canines, premolars and anterior decidu-ous teeth. False Friends: Upper permanent straight extraction forceps.
  10. 10. Upper Permanent Anterior Extraction Forceps Function: Used for extraction of maxillary anterior permanent teeth. Smaller version available for extraction of maxillary deciduous canines.
  11. 11. Lower Premolar Extraction Forceps •Used for extraction of mandibular permanent anterior and premolar teeth. •Can be used on mandibular right or left side. False Friends: Lower Root Extraction Forceps.
  12. 12. Lower Permanent Molar Extraction Forceps Function and Feature: •Used for extraction of mandibular permanent teeth. •Point of the beak fits in the furcation of the molars. •Can be used on mandibular right or left side. False Friends: Lower deciduous molar extraction forceps.
  13. 13. Lower Root Extraction Forceps Function: •Used for extraction of permanent mandibular roots. •Can be used on mandibular right or left side.
  14. 14. CowHorn Extraction Forceps Function and Features: •Used for extraction of mandibular permanent molars. •Point of the beak is designed to grip the furcation of the molars. •Can be used on the mandibular right or left side.
  15. 15. Lower Deciduous Anterior Extraction Forceps Functions: •Used for extraction of deciduous mandibular molar teeth. •Can be used to extract small permanent third molars. •Can be used on manibular right or left side.
  16. 16. Howarths Periosteal Elevator Functions and Features: Retraction. To separate the tissue from the bone. One working end is a pointed tip and the other is rounded with sharp edges. Varieties: Different lengths and shapes of working ends available. False Friends: Bone File.
  17. 17. Stainless Steel Scalpel Handle
  18. 18. Spoon Curette / Surgical Curette Function and Features: Used in the socket of an extracted tooth to remove debris and infectious material. Varieties: Shank can be straight, curved or shaped like a spoon, with different sizes of working ends. False Friends: Spoon excavator.
  19. 19. Curved Surgical Scissors
  20. 20. Straight Surgical Scissors Functions: Sharp pointed scissors are used for cutting soft tissues in surgical procedures. Variations: •Different lengths and sizes available. •Working ends can be curved or straight. False Friends: Suture Scissors, Blunt Scissors.
  21. 21. Bone Nibblers Functions and Features: •Used to trim sharp edges of bone remaining after extractions. •Usually used during multiple extractions. •Have a spring mechanism between the handles. •Have a sharpened working end. •Can be end-cutting or side-cutting. •Can be used in any quadrant in the mouth. False Friends: Extraction Forceps.
  22. 22. Bone Nibblers
  23. 23. Bone File Functions and Direction for Use: Used to remove and smooth sharp pieces of alveolar bone remaining after extraction. Used with a push–pull action. False Friends:Periosteal Elevator.
  24. 24. Mosquito Artery Forceps – Straight Functions and Features: •Used for grasping objects and holding them securely. •Can be used to apply pressure to a severed artery. •Handle has a locking mechanism. Varieties: Many different sizes available. Working end angle can vary. False Friends: Beebee crown scissors, needle holders.
  25. 25. Mosquito Artery Forceps – Straight
  26. 26. Mosquito Artery Forceps – Curved Functions and Features: •Used for grasping objects and holding them securely. •Can be used to apply pressure to a severed artery. •Handle has a locking mechanism. Varieties: •Many different sizes available. •Working end angle can vary. False Friends: Beebee crown scissors, needle holders.
  27. 27. Mosquito Artery Forceps – Curved
  28. 28. Mayo Needle Holder Functions and Features: Used along with tissue dissecting forceps during suturing. Locking mechanism on the handle holds suture securely while suturing. Scissor-like surgical instrument with serrated edges for better grip. Characteristics: Working end has different lengths. Ends are notched to accommodate needle. Varieties: Many Different Shapes and Sizes Available. False Friends: Mosquito artery forceps, suture scissors, surgical scissors.
  29. 29. Mayo Needle Holder
  30. 30. Tissue Dissecting Forceps Functions and Features: •Used to retract tissues, ‘teeth’ on working end aid in grasping tissue. •Facilitate suturing. False Friends: College tweezers.
  31. 31. Suture Scissors Functions and Features: •Scissors designed for suture removal. •Blades – one has a curved edge and one has a notched edge. •During suture removal, suture is scooped up by blade with the notched end before cutting to prevent tissue trauma. False Friends: Surgical scissors, needle holders.
  32. 32. Suture Scissors
  33. 33. Hemostat Function: To grasp tissue or bone fragment Characteristics: Has variety of functions. Working end is serrated and it locks. Can be straight or curved.
  34. 34. Tongue and Cheek Retractor Function: To hold and retract tongue or cheek Characteristics: Styles and sizes vary. Also called the Minnesota.
  35. 35. Tissue Scissors Function: To cut tissue. Characteristics: Can be straight or curved. Variety of shapes and sizes.
  36. 36. root elevators
  37. 37. Parts of an Elevator
  38. 38. Types of elevator: 1- a-Warwick James Elevator – Straight.
  39. 39. b-Warwick James Elevators – Left and Right: Available as left and right elevators, designed to adapt to the mesial and distal aspects of the tooth, respectively. Always used as a pair. False Friends Couplands chisel, Mershon band pusher.
  40. 40. 2-Couplands Chisel: Available in sizes 1, 2 and 3 – working end gets larger with increase in size number. False Friends: Warwick James straight elevator, Warwick James left and right elevators, Mershon band pusher.
  41. 41. Cryers Elevators – Left and Right Function: •Used to remove interseptal bone. •Used to loosen root tips.
  42. 42. Winter’s elevator Shank at 90 degree to handle & working tip at an angle to shank Blade has convex and flat Surface In pairs. Based on used to luxate mand. Teeth.
  43. 43. Apexo root Elevators Used to remove maxillary root stumps.

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