Let’s talk about …News WritingJournalism
News Writing … gives the reader information that will impact them in some way. It usually flows from most important to lea...
Checklist for NewsStories important and recent facts first?   Are the most    Is the story accurate? Are the sources ide...
Pitfalls to Avoid  Editorializing - Keep your opinion out of the story  Using first and second person - Keep yourself ou...
Transi on/Quote Formul                ti              a            Lead:            Most important information. Focus on n...
Let’s start atthe beginningwith … LEADS.
Let’s talk aboutLeads
Lead:Most important information. Focus on newestinformation. Focus on the future.Question to ask yourself:  What do my rea...
Leads     Most straight news leads  should be summary leads.  That means they summarize  the 5 Ws and H of the story,  sta...
Types of News Leads:         Rarely use these...“Who lead” - begins with a person. The personis usually not the most impor...
Types of News Leads:          Use these often...“How lead” - begins with the how of the story.Used often.“Why lead” - begi...
Who leadNot so good…          Principal Joe Blow announced Tuesday that        students will no longer be allowed to leave...
When leadNot so good…    On Tuesday Principal Joe Blow announced that students   will no longer be able to leave campus fo...
Where leadAvoid where leads At the school board meeting on Tuesday, Principal JoeBlow announced that he has ended the off-...
How lead  Through a grass roots voting effort, senior Gilbert Castillo won the mayoral election to become the youngest may...
Why lead     Because they wanted to carry on the  tradition, four seniors streaked across the  football stadium during the...
What lead     The Harry Potter series and Lord  of the Rings series will be removed  from all school libraries this fall.
Now that we know the type of leadwe are looking for, how do we writea good lead?     • read the entire prompt     • find t...
Let’s talk aboutDirectQuotes
Direct Quotes:   Should be linked to the transition/lead before them. The  quote should elaborate on the transition.     ...
Direct Quotes:  Should not repeat the transition/lead before them.    For example:         President Barack Obama will ma...
Direct Quotes:  Can be longer than one sentence. Should have attribution after the first sentence of the quote. Attribu...
Let’s talk aboutTransitions
Transitions  VERY, VERY IMPORTANT. Hold the story together. Link the paragraphs together. Can be fact, indirect quote or...
Transitions  Can be fact, indirect quote or a partial quote.    For example - INDIRECT QUOTE TRANSITION:       (lead) For...
TransitionsCan be fact, indirect quote or a partial quote.   For example - PARTIAL QUOTE TRANSITION:       (lead)Former R...
What comes next??      (lead)Former Republican presidential  candidate John McCain will speak to seniors  Friday about his...
The T/Q formula    Sumter said he “had tears in his eyes” when he heard Sen. McCain speak about his imprisonment.    “It i...
TransitionsUse transitional words to help with the flow(as needed): After all, Also, Finally, Inaddition, However, Otherw...
Let’s Review …                              Transi on/Quote Formul                                    ti              a   ...
What went wrong?       During the 2010-11 school year, our school has reported   22 fights so far. Last year, the school h...
Prompt Activity 1. Read the entire prompt. 2. Review it again, looking for the newest information.    Underline that infor...
Prompt Activity8. Write an additional info. paragraph if needed.9. Use a direct quote (more than one sentence is okay).10....
Let’s practice!  • Follow the steps from “Prompt  Activity”  • Write as much as you can. Edit.  Write. Edit.
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Newswriting

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  • Lead not most recent. spelling of opel Full id of brown. Quote attribution When lead Stacked quotes Our in the lead
  • Newswriting

    1. 1. Let’s talk about …News WritingJournalism
    2. 2. News Writing … gives the reader information that will impact them in some way. It usually flows from most important to least important. “What is news? It is information only.” - Walter Cronkite, former CBS News anchor
    3. 3. Checklist for NewsStories important and recent facts first?  Are the most  Is the story accurate? Are the sources identified fully?  Are the paragraphs short?  Is the sentence structure varied in the story?  Is the story neat and double-spaced so that it is easy to read? Does your story flow? Did you use the transition/quote formula?  Did you use active voice?
    4. 4. Pitfalls to Avoid  Editorializing - Keep your opinion out of the story  Using first and second person - Keep yourself out of the story. Common error “our school”  Missing the news peg  Messy structure, poor grammar and spelling  Paragraphs too long  Misspelling names in the story Trying to use all of the information
    5. 5. Transi on/Quote Formul ti a Lead: Most important information. Focus on newest information. Focus on the future. Additional Information: Important information not found in the lead. Sometimes not needed.Linked Side Notes: 1) E box is ach Direct Quote: Connects to the additional information or lead. a new a para- Use more than one sentence. graph. 2) Story should flow Transition: from most Next important fact or opinion for the story . important to Use transition words to help story flow . Transi- least important tion can be a fact, indirect quote or partial quote. information.Linked Direct Quote: Connects to the first transition. Use more than one sentence. Do not repeat the transition in the quote. DQ should elaborate on the transition. DQ should give details, opinions, etc. Transition: Next important fact or opinion for the story . Use transition words to help story flow . Transi- tion can be a fact, indirect quote or partialLinked quote. Direct Quote: Connects to the second transition. Use more than one sentence. Do not repeat the transition in the quote. DQ should elaborate on the transi- tion. DQ should give details, opinions, etc. and so on... until the story is complete
    6. 6. Let’s start atthe beginningwith … LEADS.
    7. 7. Let’s talk aboutLeads
    8. 8. Lead:Most important information. Focus on newestinformation. Focus on the future.Question to ask yourself: What do my readers need to know most???
    9. 9. Leads Most straight news leads should be summary leads. That means they summarize the 5 Ws and H of the story, starting off with the most important W or H.
    10. 10. Types of News Leads: Rarely use these...“Who lead” - begins with a person. The personis usually not the most important fact of the story.“When lead” - begins with time. Rarely is thetime the most imporant factor.“Where lead” - begins with the place. Hardlyever is where the most important factor.
    11. 11. Types of News Leads: Use these often...“How lead” - begins with the how of the story.Used often.“Why lead” - begins with the cause the story.Used often.“What lead” - begins with the fact of the story.Used often.
    12. 12. Who leadNot so good… Principal Joe Blow announced Tuesday that students will no longer be allowed to leave campus for lunch due to excessive tardies.Better… President Barack Obama will make a brief appearance at the high school Thursday after giving a speech at the County Expo Center.
    13. 13. When leadNot so good… On Tuesday Principal Joe Blow announced that students will no longer be able to leave campus for lunch.Better… On Saturday President Barack Obama will speak to the senior class about how important community organizing and volunteering are to the country.
    14. 14. Where leadAvoid where leads At the school board meeting on Tuesday, Principal JoeBlow announced that he has ended the off-campus lunchpolicy. Maybe … probably yes. In the principal’s office, the senior class dumped 30 pounds of sand to protest the cancellation of the senior trip to Cancun.
    15. 15. How lead Through a grass roots voting effort, senior Gilbert Castillo won the mayoral election to become the youngest mayor in the city’s history.
    16. 16. Why lead Because they wanted to carry on the tradition, four seniors streaked across the football stadium during the homecoming pep rally wearing a paper leis and tennis shoes.
    17. 17. What lead The Harry Potter series and Lord of the Rings series will be removed from all school libraries this fall.
    18. 18. Now that we know the type of leadwe are looking for, how do we writea good lead? • read the entire prompt • find the newest information in the prompt • beware of older, more controversial news • write one to two sentences summarizing the “new” news including as many other Ws and H as possible
    19. 19. Let’s talk aboutDirectQuotes
    20. 20. Direct Quotes:  Should be linked to the transition/lead before them. The quote should elaborate on the transition. For example: President Barack Obama will make a brief appearance at the high school Thursday after giving a speech at the County Expo Center. “He is coming as a favor to me,” Principal Ike Sumter said. “We worked together in Chicago as community organizers. I hope he gets a chance to speak to some seniors about what they can do for their country.”
    21. 21. Direct Quotes:  Should not repeat the transition/lead before them. For example: President Barack Obama will make a brief appearance at the high school Thursday after giving a speech at the County Expo Center. “ After speaking at the Expo Center, the candidate will come to the high school for a short appearance,” Principal Ike Sumter said.
    22. 22. Direct Quotes:  Can be longer than one sentence. Should have attribution after the first sentence of the quote. Attribution should be: Noun then verb. For example: Correct - senior Bob Rodriguez said. Incorrect - said senior Bob Rodriguez. (unless you have an unusually long title) Do not place two people’s direct quotes next to each other without a transition.
    23. 23. Let’s talk aboutTransitions
    24. 24. Transitions  VERY, VERY IMPORTANT. Hold the story together. Link the paragraphs together. Can be fact, indirect quote or a partial quote. For example - FACT TRANSITION: (lead) Former Republican presidential candidate John McCain will speak to seniors Friday about his experience as a prisoner of war. (Direct Quote)“Seniors will learn a lot about duty and commitment when they hear Sen. McCain,” Principal Ike Sumter said. “We are so excited that he agreed to come.” (Fact Transition) During the Vietnam War, Sen. McCain was a prisoner of war for five years.
    25. 25. Transitions  Can be fact, indirect quote or a partial quote. For example - INDIRECT QUOTE TRANSITION: (lead) Former Republican presidential candidate John McCain will speak to seniors Friday about his experience as a prisoner of war. (Direct Quote)“Seniors will learn a lot about duty and commitment when they hear Sen. McCain,” Principal Ike Sumter said. “We are so excited that he agreed to come.” (IQ Transition) Sumter said he was moved after hearing Sen. McCain speak about his imprisonment.
    26. 26. TransitionsCan be fact, indirect quote or a partial quote. For example - PARTIAL QUOTE TRANSITION: (lead)Former Republican presidential candidate John McCain will speak to seniors Friday about his experience as a prisoner of war. (Direct Quote)“Seniors will learn a lot about duty and commitment when they hear Sen. McCain,” Principal Ike Sumter said. “We are so excited that he agreed to come.” (Partial Quote Transition) Sumter said he “had tears in his eyes” when he heard Sen. McCain speak about his imprisonment.
    27. 27. What comes next?? (lead)Former Republican presidential candidate John McCain will speak to seniors Friday about his experience as a prisoner of war. (Direct Quote)“Seniors will learn a lot about duty and commitment when they hear Sen. McCain,” Principal Ike Sumter said. “We are so excited that he agreed to come.” (Partial Quote Transition) Sumter said he “had tears in his eyes” when he heard Sen. McCain speak about his imprisonment.
    28. 28. The T/Q formula Sumter said he “had tears in his eyes” when he heard Sen. McCain speak about his imprisonment. “It is amazing what this man survived,” Sumter said. “He was tortured daily, but every day he told his fellow soldiers to hold their head high. Someone was coming for them.” Sen. McCain said the experience was a “living hell,” but he never gave up hope. “I knew I would make it back to American soil one day,” he said. “Hope is always alive, and that was part of my message as a presidential candidate, too.”
    29. 29. TransitionsUse transitional words to help with the flow(as needed): After all, Also, Finally, Inaddition, However, Otherwise, Then For example: In addition to speaking about hisexperience as a prisoner of war, McCain alsoplans to talk to students about the importanceof voting.
    30. 30. Let’s Review … Transi on/Quote Formul ti a Lead: Most important information. Focus on newest What types of information. Focus on the future. Following a leads should Additional Information: transition, you use more? Important information not found in the lead. Sometimes not needed. what should a Linked Side Notes: direct quote 1) E box is ach Direct Quote: a new a para- do?Where Connects to the additional information or lead. Use more than one sentence. graph. 2) Storyshould you should flow Transition: from mostplace the Next important fact or opinion for the story . important to What can a Use transition words to help story flow . Transi- least importantattribution Linked tion can be a fact, indirect quote or partial quote. information. transitionfor a direct Direct Quote: be? Connects to the first transition. Use more thanquote? one sentence. Do not repeat the transition in the quote. DQ should elaborate on the transition. DQ should give details, opinions, etc. What is the How many Transition: Next important fact or opinion for the story . purpose of the Use transition words to help story flow . Transi- sentences Linked tion can be a fact, indirect quote or partial quote. transition? can a Direct Quote: Connects to the second transition. Use more direct than one sentence. Do not repeat the transition in the quote. DQ should elaborate on the transi- tion. DQ should give details, opinions, etc. quote be? and so on... until the story is complete
    31. 31. What went wrong? During the 2010-11 school year, our school has reported 22 fights so far. Last year, the school had 18 total fights. “One of my friends got in a fight, but he didn’t start it. He was defending himself,” said freshman Andy Opel. In response to the escalating fights, the school district hired the Teen Conflict Resolution Team to help students solve disagreements through non-violent solutions. After March 23, any student caught fighting on campus must complete a TCRT non-violence workshop, in addition to normal disciplinary actions. “Students have to learn how to solve life’s problems without violence, and this program will teach our students just that,” said Mr. Brown. “Now students will get suspended and be forced to attend this program,” Opal said. “That’s just too much.”
    32. 32. Prompt Activity 1. Read the entire prompt. 2. Review it again, looking for the newest information. Underline that information. 3. Highlight or underline the 5Ws and H. 4. Highlight or underline the most important people interviewed. Highlight or underline the most essential quotes. 5. Scratch out stupid, inane quotes. 6. Pay attention to the “Additional Information.” 7. Write your lead. How, why or what lead.
    33. 33. Prompt Activity8. Write an additional info. paragraph if needed.9. Use a direct quote (more than one sentence is okay).10. Write a transition about the next most important thing.11. Use a direct quote directly related to the transition above. If it’s an indirect quote transition, use a direct quote from that same person.12. Write another transition about the next most important thing.13. Another direct quote.14. Keep going.
    34. 34. Let’s practice! • Follow the steps from “Prompt Activity” • Write as much as you can. Edit. Write. Edit.

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