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  1. 1. Metaphors Different Types
  2. 2. Standard Metaphor <ul><li>A figure of speech that makes a connection between two unlike items. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex.: My heart is a rose. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Extended Metaphor <ul><li>A metaphor extended over several lines, verses, or chapters. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex.: Writing this research paper is a grind. My brain is not operating. I am running out of steam. (Each sentence extends the metaphor that the mind is a machine.) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Implied Metaphor <ul><li>A less direct metaphor. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex.: The boxer pecked away at his opponent. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Dead Metaphor <ul><li>A metaphor that has become so common that we no longer notice it as a figure of speech </li></ul><ul><li>Ex.: My sister drives me out of my mind. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Simile <ul><li>A figure of speech that makes a connection between two unlike things by using words such as like or as. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex.: My heart is like a rose. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Personification <ul><li>A metaphor in which a nonhuman object is given human qualities. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex.: The casino cheated him. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Metonymy <ul><li>A figure of speech in which something closely related to an object is substituted for the object itself. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex.: The history department needs new blood (instead of new teachers). </li></ul>
  9. 9. Synecdoche <ul><li>The substitution of a part for the whole (or vice versa). </li></ul><ul><li>Ex.: Five hundred hands were needed to build the bridge. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Let’s give metaphorical writing a try! <ul><li>What’s the difference between tangible and intangible? </li></ul><ul><li>Can you sort this list? </li></ul><ul><li>Love, skateboard, hate, betrayal, jealousy, bracelet, CDs, driver’s license, envy, trust, pizza, friendship, locker, commitment, anxiety, movies, video games, confidence </li></ul>
  11. 11. Answers: <ul><li>INTANGIBLE </li></ul><ul><li>Love </li></ul><ul><li>Hate </li></ul><ul><li>Betrayal </li></ul><ul><li>Jealousy </li></ul><ul><li>Envy </li></ul><ul><li>Trust </li></ul><ul><li>Friendship </li></ul><ul><li>Commitment </li></ul><ul><li>Anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>Confidence </li></ul><ul><li>TANGIBLE </li></ul><ul><li>Skateboard </li></ul><ul><li>CDs </li></ul><ul><li>Driver’s license </li></ul><ul><li>Bracelet </li></ul><ul><li>Pizza </li></ul><ul><li>Backpack </li></ul><ul><li>Locker </li></ul><ul><li>Movies </li></ul><ul><li>Video games </li></ul>
  12. 12. Complete the sentence by selecting one intangible item and one tangible item. Explore the relationship between the two . <ul><li>(Intangible item) is like (tangible item) because ________________________________________________________________________. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Now try this: <ul><li>(Intangible item) is like (tangible item) because ____________________________________and ________________________________. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Group Activity: <ul><li>Write an extended metaphor for FREEDOM. </li></ul><ul><li>Use the templates as a guide. </li></ul><ul><li>Create a sign for your freedom metaphor. </li></ul><ul><li>Sign must have the following: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Metaphor written neatly and creatively </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Illustration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Group member names </li></ul></ul>