South Africa Development

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South Africa Development

  1. 1. •South Africa was the center of the Apartheid •There is a high concentration of HIV/AIDS •It is on the tip of the African continent•The education is lacking and they have little infrastructure•There is a low life expectancy•South Africa is a developing country•There are many slums and the people are undernourished
  2. 2. KhayelitshaThe Basics •Khaylelitsha came into being in the 1950’s when blacks were banned from cities •There is between 500,000 and 1 million residents, but there is no official census•Located near Cape Town•Many people live in small shacks that leak and have noelectricity
  3. 3. KhayelitshaEducation •54 Schools •Understaffed and overcrowded •92% don’t have libraries •Very little technology •High drop-out rate
  4. 4. EconomistInflation: 6%Unemployment rate: 25%GDP per capita: $9,790Literacy rates: Male 87% Female 85.7% Total 86.4 %Life Expectancy: 52.8 years
  5. 5. Economist- What does this mean?• South Africa isn’t taking advantage of their entire work force• Potential for better economic growth – Trade – Technology – Less poverty
  6. 6. Historian• South Africa is still trying to recover from the Apartheid• They became a democracy in 1994• The current president is Jacob Zuma• Electricity Crisis• Capitalism
  7. 7. Historian-What does this mean?• Educate the leaders of tomorrow• Learn about the past to better the future
  8. 8. Anthropologist•31 Million Black•5 Million White•3 Million Colored•1 Million Indian•80 % Christian•No official religion•African Independent Churches•Hindus•Muslims•Jews
  9. 9. Anthropologist• Language Barriers: South Africa has 11 different official languages which could make country wide education difficult.
  10. 10. Anthropologist- What does this mean?• Scarcity of teachers who can deal with the language gap• In order to make it accessible it must be compatible
  11. 11. Geographer• 12 % of the land is under cultivation – Corn – Grain – Vegetables – Herbs South Africa and Khayelitsha have been experiencing droughts, which has hurt the agricultural industry and people who farm to survive.
  12. 12. Geographer• Transportation: – Buses – Trains – Taxis These are notorious for crime. The public transit is not safe, especially for women and children.
  13. 13. Geographer- What does this mean?• Need an educated work force to improve infrastructure – Transportation – Irrigation – Productivity
  14. 14. Humanitarian• Health Care:• .77 physicians/ 1000 people (comparison in the world- 12)• 2.84 hospital beds/ 1000 people (comparison- 81)• 5.6 million people living with HIV/AIDS• 310,000 deaths due to AIDS each year
  15. 15. HumanitarianOnly 4.3% of adults receive post-secondary educationColleges are established, but most do not attendIn 2001 over 70 percent of adults were educated below the high school graduate level
  16. 16. Humanitarian- What does this mean?• Obvious demand for more health care workers By improving schools and making them more accessible and updated, children could get the initiative and education needed to become doctors. More doctors means improved and more accessible healthcare throughout the country.
  17. 17. Our Goal We want to provide electricity, comput ers and the internet to current schools and build This will hopefully improve more schools to attendance, lower the improve thedropout rate, better prepare quality of students for life after high education, sanitati school and help the on and community. infrastructure.
  18. 18. Our 5-Step Plan1. Solar Panels- By setting these up we hope to generate clean, renewable energy for not only the schools but the surrounding community. South Africa is known for being a very sunny country, so this type of energy is ideal. We will do this through the SELF Program.2. Schools- Khayelitsha has many schools, but very few of them have computers or even electricity. By implementing the solar panels we will give these schools electricity. We also plan to build an additional 20 schools so that students will have better access and safer travel.3. Phone Lines- This will bring telecommunication as well as internet access to the schools. This all of course will be powered by the Solar Panels and through the SELF Program.4. Computers- SELF will supply laptops and computer labs.5. Online Education- Through the laptops each child will be able to access an online program that will be created by teachers in the United Sates in association with the South African education system. It will include lesson plans for each grade level. The online program is perfect since there is such a shortage of teachers in South Africa.
  19. 19. Why Technology?• How can we best affect the school system and benefit the most people? – Quality vs. Quantity Opportunity Cost – Look at comparative advantage – Learn from past attempts By using a website we can cater to all languages, as the site will be available in all of the major languages. “ The fundamental reason for believing that prosperity can spread to all corners of the world is that the very science and technology that underpin prosperity in the rich world are potentially available to the rest of the world.” –Jeffrey Sachs
  20. 20. Why Solar Panels?• Efficient• Clean• Prime location• Self-Sustaining• Will power more than just the school “But world output it not constant, precisely because technological improvements allow the world to get a lot more economic value out of a given level of inputs”- Jeffrey Sachs
  21. 21. Our Plan
  22. 22. The Solar Electric Light Fundis a NGO that focuses oninstalling solar panels indeveloping countries. SELFwill help with our goal ofprovidingelectricity, computers andinternet to the people ofKhayelitsha.•“Whole Village” •Schools •Water pumping/purification •Drip irrigation •Health clinics •Community Buildings
  23. 23. Training• People in the village will be trained by SELF to help maintain the panels• The teachers will be trained (specialization): • As teachers to help with school work • As mediators to help with classroom conflict and home problems • With technology to help with any issues that may arise and be able to teach the children
  24. 24. Budget Build solar panels for existing schools: $5,775,500 (at approximately $106,950 per school)+ Construct an additional 20 schools: $250,000 (at approximately $12,500 per school)+ Power the new schools: $2,139,000+ Training and pay for teachers: approx. $1,835,500
  25. 25. People Reached 74 fully equipped schoolsX approximately 2000 students per schoolApproximately 148,000 Students and their families with access to electricity, schooling, computers and the internet, and will benefit future students for years to come
  26. 26. ResultsProduction Possibilities Curve
  27. 27. ResultsMoney Market
  28. 28. ResultsAggregate Supply and Demand
  29. 29. The General Happiness Graph
  30. 30. Possible Obstacles• Getting students to school – We will build strategically placed schools so that the trip to school is safer and more convenient• Getting students who are needed at home to school – We will have to teach the comparative advantage of sending a child to school over keeping them home• Maintaining sustainability of the schools – The company teaches the residents
  31. 31. Take Action!We need YOUR help to be able to accomplish our goal. It will take $10 million over an estimated three years to modify the current schools and build new ones. Having a better educated workforce will stimulate the economy and having internet access will make for a more competitive market. With a better education more students will go onto higher level education to become the doctors of tomorrow and fulfill the country’s needs in health care and infrastructure.
  32. 32. Works Cited"Geography." Exploring Africa. Explore. Web. 11 Dec. 2011. <http://exploringafrica.matrix.msu.edu/teachers/curriculum/m6/>."SELF." Solar Electric Light Fund: Energy Is a Human Right. SELF. Web. 12 Dec. 2011. <http://www.self.org/>.Seria, Nasreen. "South Africa’s Consumer Spending Weakens, Threatening Economy’s Recovery -Bloomberg." Bloomberg - Business & Financial News, Breaking News Headlines. Web. 8 Dec. 2011. <http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-09-13/south-african-consumer-spending-weakens- threatening-economy-s-recovery.html>."South Africa: Economy Overview - SouthAfrica.info." South Africas Official Gateway - Investment, Travel, Country Information - SouthAfrica.info. Web. 6 Dec. 2011. <http://www.southafrica.info/business/economy/econoverview.htm>.
  33. 33. "South Africa: Economy Overview - SouthAfrica.info." South Africas Official Gateway - Investment, Travel, Country Information - SouthAfrica.info. Web. 6 Dec. 2011. <http://www.southafrica.info/business/economy/econoverview.htm>.South Africa Government Online. Web. 10 Dec. 2011. <http://www.gov.za/>."South African Economy | Economist - World News, Politics, Economics, Business & Finance." The Economist - World News, Politics, Economics, Business & Finance. Web. 7 Dec. 2011. <http://www.economist.com/topics/south-african-economy>.South African History Online |. Web. 12 Dec. 2011. <http://www.sahistory.org.za/>."South Africas Economy - SouthAfrica.info." South Africas Official Gateway - Investment, Travel, Country Information - SouthAfrica.info. Web. 12 Dec. 2011. <http://www.safrica.info/business/economy/>.
  34. 34. "CIA - The World Factbook." Welcome to the CIA Web Site — Central Intelligence Agency. Web. 12 Dec. 2011. <https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sf.html>."Khayelitsha." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 12 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khayelitsha>."South Africa." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 12 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_Africa>."About South Africa" We. 12 Dec. 2011. <:http://www.ngo.grida.no/soesa/nsoer/general/about.htm."BBC News - South Africa Profile." BBC - Homepage. Web. 12 Dec. 2011. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-14094760>.Broder, John M. "South Africa News - Breaking World South Africa News - The New York Times." Times Topics - The New York Times. 12 Dec. 2011. Web. 12 Dec. 2011. <http://topics.nytimes.com/top/news/international/countriesandterritories/southafrica/inde x.html>."South Africa." World Bank Group. Web. 12 Dec. 2011. <http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/COUNTRIES/AFRICAEXT/SOUTHAFRICAEXTN/ 0,,menuPK:368082~pagePK:141159~piPK:141110~theSitePK:368057,00.html>.
  35. 35. Works Cited"Geography." Exploring Africa. Explore. Web. 11 Dec. 2011. <http://exploringafrica.matrix.msu.edu/teachers/curriculum/m6/>."SELF." Solar Electric Light Fund: Energy Is a Human Right. SELF. Web. 12 Dec. 2011. <http://www.self.org/>.Seria, Nasreen. "South Africa’s Consumer Spending Weakens, Threatening Economy’s Recovery -Bloomberg." Bloomberg - Business & Financial News, Breaking News Headlines. Web. 8 Dec. 2011. <http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-09-13/south-african-consumer-spending-weakens- threatening-economy-s-recovery.html>."South Africa: Economy Overview - SouthAfrica.info." South Africas Official Gateway - Investment, Travel, Country Information - SouthAfrica.info. Web. 6 Dec. 2011. <http://www.southafrica.info/business/economy/econoverview.htm>.

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