Intelligent Cooling system

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Intelligent Cooling system

  1. 1. SEMINAR ON “INTELLIGENT COOLING SYSTEM” Submitted By:- Bhupender SinghUnder The Guidance of: Er. Amit Jain 1
  2. 2. …………CONTENTS…………… Introduction Necessity of Cooling System Basic components of cooling system Types of cooling system  Variation in gas temperature  Drawbacks of conventional cooling system  Fuzzy in cooling system Advantages of Intelligent Cooling System Conclusion  References 2
  3. 3. …………….INTRODUCTION……………... The name “INTELLIGENT COOLING SYSTEM” represents the improved function of a cooling system. The name is so given because in this system a sensor senses the cylinder temperature & controls the opening & closing of water passage in piston-cylinder arrangement.The basic principle behind this is to control flow rate of coolant by regulating the valve by implementing FUZZY LOGIC. 3
  4. 4. ….....NECESSITY OF COOLING SYSTEM.…….  The even expansion of the piston in the cylinder may result in the seizure of the piston.  High temperature reduces the strength of piston.  Overheated cylinder may lead to pre-ignition of fuel.  Physical and chemical change may occur in the lubricating oil which may cause sticking of piston ring and excessive wear of cylinder.  If cylinder head temperature is high then power output of engine is reduced. 4
  5. 5. ……...TRANSFORMATION OF FUEL ENERGY……… 5
  6. 6. ….BASIC COMPONENTS OF COOLING SYSTEM….  Radiator  Thermostat Valve  Water Pump  Cooling Fan  Water Jackets  Coolant  Antifreeze Mixture 6
  7. 7. 1. Radiator Radiators are heat exchangers used to transfer thermal energy from one medium to another for the purpose of cooling and heating. 7
  8. 8. 2. Thermostat Valve It is a valve which prevents the flow of water from engine to radiator until the engine warmed up. When engine is cooled no coolant, flow through the engine. 8
  9. 9. 3. Water Pump It is used to pump the circulating water. The water pump is a simple centrifugal pump driven by a belt connected to the crankshaft of the engine. The pump circulates fluid whenever the engine is running. 9
  10. 10. 4. Cooling Fan It is driven by the engine output shaft through the same belt that drives the pump. It is provided behind the radiator and it blows air over the radiator for cooling purpose. 10
  11. 11. 5. Water Jacket Cooling water jackets are provided around the cylinder, cylinder head, valve seats, and any hot part which are to be cooled. Heat generated in the cylinder is conducted to the Jacket. 11
  12. 12. 6. Antifreeze Mixture  Methyl, ethyl & isopropyl alcohols  A solution of alcohol and water  Ethylene Glycol  Glycerin along with water, etc. To prevent the freezing of cooling water in western countries antifreeze mixture are added to the cooling water. There are the following type of antifreeze mixtures :- 12
  13. 13. …………...TYPES OF COOLING SYSTEM..………….. Cooling System Air Cooling System Water Cooling System 13
  14. 14. …………..…AIR COOLED SYSTEM……………….. In the air cooled system the heat is dissipated through the fins provided on the cylinder barrel. This method increase the cooling rate. Fins are provided right angle to the cylinder axis.  Engines (Two Wheelers)  Electric Motors  Gas compressors  Industrial & Agriculture Engines 14
  15. 15. …………..WATER COOLED SYSTEM…………. In this system water is used and made to circulate through the jackets provided around the cylinder, cylinder head, valve ports and seats where it extracts most of heat. 15
  16. 16. ……TYPES OF WATER COOLED SYSTEM…… Direct Cooling System Thermosyphon Cooling System Forced Circulation Cooling System Evaporative Cooling System Pressure Cooling System 16
  17. 17. 1. Direct Cooling System This system is used where plenty of water is available. The water is supplied from large tank or river through the inlet valve of cooling water jacket.  The main specification of this system is that Hot water is not cooled but simply discharged. NOTE 17
  18. 18. 2. Thermosyphon Cooling System The basic principle of this system is based upon the relative density of the water. The main advantage of this system is it’s simplicity and automatic circulation of cooling water. 18
  19. 19. 3. Forced Circulation System This system is used in large number of automobiles like Cars, Bushes and even Heavy Trucks. Here flow of water from radiator to the water jackets is assisted by pump. 19
  20. 20. 4. Evaporative Cooling System This system is predominately used in stationary engines. In this engine will be cooled because of the evaporation of water in the cylinder jacket into stem. 20
  21. 21. 5. Pressure Cooling System The advantage is taken the fact that temperature of the boiling water increases as the pressure on it raised. 21
  22. 22. …...VARIATION OF GAS TEMPERATURE…… 22
  23. 23. DRAWBACKS OF CONVENTIONAL COOLING SYSTEM DRAWBACKS OVERHEATING EXCESSIVE COOLING 23
  24. 24. 24 Effect of Over Heating  evaporation of lubricating oil.  Thermal stress in cylinder.  Burning of piston crown.  Sticking of piston rings.  Reduction in volumetric efficiency. Effect of Excessive Cooling  Increased corrosion of engine parts.  Reduced mechanical efficiency.  Improper vaporization of fuel.
  25. 25. …………..FUZZY IN COOLING SYSTEM………….. 1) Controlling Valve 2) Sensors 3) Coolant Outlet 4) Coolant Inlet 5) Cylinders 6) Intermediate Jacket 7) Outer Jacket 25
  26. 26. ADVANTAGES OF INTELLIGENT COOLING SYSTEM  Lubricating oil not evaporate and prevent metal to metal contact.  Reduces Thermal stress, hence cracking of piston.  Thermal efficiency will improve.  Prevent Corrosion of Engine parts.  Less maintenance will require.  Proper vaporization of fuel take place.  Less maintenance will require. 26
  27. 27. CONCLUSION We have proposed an approach to implement fuzzy logic in an “INTELLIGENT COOLING SYSTEM” possible implication of the system and approach discussed with it’s possible advantages. Future scope is concentrated on the type of sensor’s valve opening mechanism and different coolants. 27
  28. 28. REFRENCES 1) R.K. RAJPUT, Internal Combustion Engines, Second Edition, Published by: Laxmi Publication, Page No. 482, 484, 501. 2) Gnesan V. I., Internal Combustion Engines, Second Edition, Published by: Tata McGraw – Hill, Page No. 469, 479. 3) Stamatios V. Kartalopoulos, Understanding Fuzzy Logic, Second Edition, Published by: Asoke K. Ghosh, Prentice-Hall, Page No. 121, 124, 131. 4) http://www.howstuffworks.com/cooling-system10.htm 28
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