New Media Literacies <ul><li>for the 21st Century </li></ul>Sharon Peters wearejustlearning.pbwiki.com My Journey as a Teacher
“Understand the word, understand the world” understand the world”
Rationale : LITERACY FOR THE 21ST CENTURY Literacy, simply put, is about meaning-making Quote taken from the Québec Education Program
To be literate, we must make meaning from all the information that is available to us - multi-modal information audio graphical visual tactile symbolic/representational
Two Modes Writing = Governed by logic of time Image = Governed by logic of space
Learning Sciences Studies in memory have shown that the visual is recalled more easily and more frequently than text One researcher, Paivio, has hypothesized that pictures yield a “dual coding” system: perception + visual
Some Principles Regarding Effective Use of Images and Text Richard Mayer (2001) Multimedia Principle Students learn better from words and pictures than from words alone.
Modality Principle Students learn better from an animation accompanied with spoken text, rather than printed text VoiceThread
Redundancy Principle Students learn better from an animation accompanied with spoken text rather than animation accompanied with spoken text AND printed text
Groupings of Literacies Operational Literacy: Skills related to making meaning from text Cultural Literacy Critical Literacy: Information literacy
These tools offer affordances for students to making meaning
Reality-Based Learning Learning situations that empower students to take action for the promotion of societal change
Deep Learning Supported <ul><li>Computer software is central in the learning sciences because the visual and processing power of today’s personal computers supports deep learning : </li></ul><ul><li>Computers support reflection in a combination of visual and verbal modes </li></ul><ul><li>Internet-based networks of learners can share and combine their developing understandings and benefit from the power of collaborative learning </li></ul><ul><li>from Cambridge Handbook of Learning Sciences, p. 5 </li></ul>
The need to include “visual grammar” into our frameworks of literacy
Rationale - need for reflection Taken from Québec Education Program
Meg Meg Meg Meg <ul><li>Fictionpress - Simply Meg </li></ul><ul><li>ICT in Education - Music on the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>A Real Teen Talks about Blogging and Social Spaces </li></ul><ul><li>Facebook </li></ul>
Grace <ul><li>iLike.... </li></ul>... on the topic of backchanne ling Matthew
Nat <ul><li>Runescape </li></ul><ul><li>YouTube for music videos </li></ul>
(Tapscott) Whereas previous generations value loyalty, seniority, security and authority, t he NetGen’s norms reflect a desire for creativity, social connectivity, fun, freedom, speed, and diversity in their workplaces.
How do we go about best evaluating these competencies? New Wine in Old Wineskins Formative Evaluation?
Research <ul><li>Self-Regulated Learning / Metacognition (Ley & Young, 2001, Hadwin & Winne, 1996, Boekaerts, 2000) </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative knowledge construction environments (Jonassen 1995, Scardamalia & Bereiter, 1994) - computers no longer support ONLY individualized instruction </li></ul><ul><li>Improvement in motivation, learning and problem-solving behaviour (Hoyles, Healy and Pozzi, 1994) </li></ul>