The Road To The Constitution

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A Distinguished Gathering

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The Road To The Constitution

  1. 1. The Road to the Constitution
  2. 2. Objectives <ul><li>Unit Objective : Alabama Course of Study 1. A. Identifying essential characteristics of the Constitution as the foundation of the government of the United States </li></ul><ul><li>Alabama High School Graduation Exam: Objective II, Identify and comprehend the provisions of essential documents of the United States government </li></ul>
  3. 3. Objectives <ul><li>Lesson Objective - Describe the events that occurred at the Constitutional Convention. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Preview – If you have not, Completed Quiz from Friday <ul><li>Preview if you have </li></ul><ul><li>The Articles of Confederation denied Congress the power to collect taxes. </li></ul><ul><li>Today, could our government survive without the power to collect taxes? Why or Why not? </li></ul><ul><li>Write a three sentence response in your notebook </li></ul>
  5. 5. Preview – could we survive? <ul><li>The Articles of Confederation denied Congress the power to collect taxes. </li></ul><ul><li>Today, could our government survive without the power to collect taxes? Why or Why not? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Preview – could we survive? <ul><li>Today, could our government survive without the power to collect taxes? Why or Why not? </li></ul><ul><li>A government would not be able to defend itself, enforce its laws, or carry out its duties without a treasury. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Writing answer using complete sentences, re-stating the questions in your answers <ul><li>The Nation’s First Governments, Open Book Quiz, pages 39 – 42 </li></ul><ul><li>Write all answers in complete sentences, and re-state the question in your answer. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Writing answer using complete sentences, re-stating the questions in your answers <ul><li>1.Daniel Shays led an armed uprising of about 1,200 Massachusetts farmers on a federal arsenal. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Writing answer using complete sentences, re-stating the questions in your answers <ul><li>2. Constitution is a term for a detailed, written plan of government. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Writing answer using complete sentences, re-stating the questions in your answers <ul><li>3. The Articles of Confederation was the first constitution of the United States of America. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Under the Articles of Confederation, Congress lacked power to regulate trade, enforce its laws, and collect taxes. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Writing answer using complete sentences, re-stating the questions in your answers <ul><li>5. Because the Articles of Confederation gave the federal government no power to regulate trade, the states established high taxes that angered some citizens. </li></ul><ul><li>6. The Articles of Confederation was the first attempt at a constitution. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Writing answer using complete sentences, re-stating the questions in your answers <ul><li>7. Any attempt to amend the Articles of Confederation required a unanimous vote. </li></ul><ul><li>8. The two-house structure of the legislature, with a Senate and House of Representatives, copied the English Parliament. That structure is known as a bicameral. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Writing answer using complete sentences, re-stating the questions in your answers <ul><li>9. All 13 states approved, or ratified, the Articles of Confederation. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>10. The weaknesses in the Articles of Confederation caused problems. </li></ul><ul><li>Restrictive voting requirements limited Congress ability to pass laws. </li></ul><ul><li>Congress was unable to enforce laws because there was no national governor or courts. </li></ul><ul><li>Congress had no power to regulate trade caused high state taxes drove farmers out of business and caused unrest. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Reading Strategy – Web <ul><li>Read “A Distinguished Gathering,” pages 52 – 53, as you read, list prominent leaders and characteristics of delegates to the Constitutional Convention in a web diagram like the one on the board and the teacher’s example. </li></ul><ul><li>Delegates to the Constitutional Convention – </li></ul>
  16. 16. Delegates to the Constitutional Convention –
  17. 17. Delegates to the Constitutional Convention – <ul><li>55 men </li></ul><ul><li>Well-educated lawyers </li></ul><ul><li>Merchants </li></ul><ul><li>College presidents </li></ul><ul><li>Physicians </li></ul><ul><li>Generals </li></ul><ul><li>Governors and planters </li></ul>
  18. 18. Delegates to the Constitutional Convention – <ul><li>Political experience </li></ul><ul><li>8 Signers of the Declaration of Independence </li></ul><ul><li>7 governors </li></ul><ul><li>41 members of the Continental Congress </li></ul><ul><li>Benjamin Franklin </li></ul><ul><li>Young men – 30’s and 40’s </li></ul><ul><li>George Washington </li></ul><ul><li>James Madison </li></ul>
  19. 19. Who was not considered? <ul><li>Native Americans, </li></ul><ul><li>African Americans, </li></ul><ul><li>and women were not considered part of the political process, so none attended. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Most were young men, who would become successful <ul><li>19 U.S. senators </li></ul><ul><li>13 would become congressmen </li></ul><ul><li>4 federal judges </li></ul><ul><li>4 Supreme Court justices </li></ul><ul><li>2 Delegates would become president, George Washington and James Madison </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>4. Guided Reading Notes – The Road to the Constitution, pages 52 – 54 </li></ul>

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