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Chapter 5 :  Europe in the Middle Ages  Section 2 :  The Church and  the Rise of Cities
Vocabulary  <ul><li>Clergy :  Persons with authority to perform religious services </li></ul><ul><li>Excommunication :  Ex...
The Church in the Middle Ages  <ul><li>Nearly all people in Western Europe during the Middle Ages were Roman Catholic </li...
Rewards and Punishments   <ul><li>Life was short and hard for most people </li></ul><ul><li>The Church offered a reward fo...
Medieval Hell
The Church in Everyday Life  <ul><li>Clergy  would perform services for people in every major event of their lives </li></...
Political Power of the Church  <ul><li>Every king and noble would have a high ranking church official as their advisor </l...
Political Power of the Church  <ul><li>If someone did not listen to the Church, they could be  excommunicated </li></ul><u...
Organization of the Church  <ul><li>Every village had a church with a priest </li></ul><ul><li>Bishops  supervised several...
Organization of the Church  Continued   <ul><li>Archbishops listened to the Pope </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Pope was consid...
 
Medieval Religious Communities  <ul><li>Monks lived in a  monastery </li></ul>
 
Medieval Religious Communities  Continued   <ul><li>Nuns lived in a  convent </li></ul>
Medieval Religious Communities  Continued   <ul><ul><li>Monks and nuns would pray constantly for the sins in the world </l...
The Growth of Towns  <ul><li>Feudalism made Europe a safer place </li></ul><ul><li>The population began to grow </li></ul>...
A Medieval Town
Life in Towns and Cities  <ul><li>A new class of people was developing in the towns </li></ul><ul><li>They were called the...
European Feudalism King Nobles Knights Peasants
Life in Towns and Cities  Continued   <ul><li>Middle class people with the same jobs began to form associations called  gu...
Life in Towns and Cities  Continued   <ul><li>Getting into a guild was not easy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You must start as a ...
The Black Death  <ul><li>Soon towns and cities became overcrowded </li></ul><ul><li>Towns and cities were very unsanitary ...
The Black Death  <ul><li>The  Bubonic Plague  first hit Europe in 1347 </li></ul><ul><li>The disease was spread by fleas t...
Symptoms
Attempts to Cure the Disease
Spread of the Plague Across Europe
Results
The Black Death  <ul><li>Between 1347 and 1351 over one third of Europe’s population was wiped out by the plague </li></ul...
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5 2 the church and the rise of cities

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5 2 the church and the rise of cities

  1. 1. Chapter 5 : Europe in the Middle Ages Section 2 : The Church and the Rise of Cities
  2. 2. Vocabulary <ul><li>Clergy : Persons with authority to perform religious services </li></ul><ul><li>Excommunication : Expelling someone from the Church </li></ul><ul><li>Monastery : A religious community for monks </li></ul><ul><li>Convent : A religious community for nuns </li></ul><ul><li>Guild : A medieval organization of craft workers or tradespeople </li></ul><ul><li>Apprentice : An unpaid person training in a craft or trade </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Church in the Middle Ages <ul><li>Nearly all people in Western Europe during the Middle Ages were Roman Catholic </li></ul><ul><li>The Roman Catholic Church was so powerful, it was simply known as “The Church” </li></ul><ul><li>Why was the Church so powerful? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Rewards and Punishments <ul><li>Life was short and hard for most people </li></ul><ul><li>The Church offered a reward for those who listened to them and a punishment for those who did not </li></ul><ul><li>Heaven and Hell </li></ul>
  5. 5. Medieval Hell
  6. 6. The Church in Everyday Life <ul><li>Clergy would perform services for people in every major event of their lives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Baptism at birth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Confirmation at adulthood </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marriage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Last Rites at death </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Political Power of the Church <ul><li>Every king and noble would have a high ranking church official as their advisor </li></ul><ul><li>For this service, the king or noble would often give the Church a fief </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Church became the largest landowner in the Middle Ages </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Political Power of the Church <ul><li>If someone did not listen to the Church, they could be excommunicated </li></ul><ul><li>The people might not listen to an excommunicated king, noble or knight </li></ul>Continued
  9. 9. Organization of the Church <ul><li>Every village had a church with a priest </li></ul><ul><li>Bishops supervised several priests </li></ul><ul><li>Archbishops supervised several bishops </li></ul>
  10. 10. Organization of the Church Continued <ul><li>Archbishops listened to the Pope </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Pope was considered God’s representative on Earth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He lived in Rome in the Vatican </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. Medieval Religious Communities <ul><li>Monks lived in a monastery </li></ul>
  12. 14. Medieval Religious Communities Continued <ul><li>Nuns lived in a convent </li></ul>
  13. 15. Medieval Religious Communities Continued <ul><ul><li>Monks and nuns would pray constantly for the sins in the world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Looked after the sick </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Developed better ways to farm and raise livestock </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Established schools </li></ul></ul>
  14. 16. The Growth of Towns <ul><li>Feudalism made Europe a safer place </li></ul><ul><li>The population began to grow </li></ul><ul><li>The demand for trade items increased </li></ul><ul><li>Many people left their manor and moved to the towns to trade </li></ul>
  15. 17. A Medieval Town
  16. 18. Life in Towns and Cities <ul><li>A new class of people was developing in the towns </li></ul><ul><li>They were called the “ Middle Class ” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Merchants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Traders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Craft workers </li></ul></ul>
  17. 19. European Feudalism King Nobles Knights Peasants
  18. 20. Life in Towns and Cities Continued <ul><li>Middle class people with the same jobs began to form associations called guilds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Guilds set prices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prevented outsiders from selling goods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set standards for quality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Guild members paid dues </li></ul></ul>
  19. 21. Life in Towns and Cities Continued <ul><li>Getting into a guild was not easy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You must start as a young, unpaid, apprentice working under a master </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Later you become a journeyman </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Finally if your work was good enough, you were accepted into the guild </li></ul></ul>
  20. 22. The Black Death <ul><li>Soon towns and cities became overcrowded </li></ul><ul><li>Towns and cities were very unsanitary </li></ul><ul><li>The situation was ripe for disease to spread </li></ul>
  21. 23. The Black Death <ul><li>The Bubonic Plague first hit Europe in 1347 </li></ul><ul><li>The disease was spread by fleas that lived on rats </li></ul>Continued
  22. 24. Symptoms
  23. 25. Attempts to Cure the Disease
  24. 26. Spread of the Plague Across Europe
  25. 27. Results
  26. 28. The Black Death <ul><li>Between 1347 and 1351 over one third of Europe’s population was wiped out by the plague </li></ul><ul><li>Over 25 million people died in all </li></ul>Continued

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