4 3 the great mughal empire in india

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4 3 the great mughal empire in india

  1. 1. CHAPTER 4 : Civilizations of Asia SECTION 3 : The Great Mughal Empire in India
  2. 2. VOCABULARY <ul><li>Sultan : Muslim ruler </li></ul>
  3. 3. GEOGRAPHY OF INDIA <ul><li>India is a subcontinent </li></ul><ul><li>Himalaya Mts. </li></ul><ul><li>stretch across the north of India </li></ul>
  4. 4. GEOGRAPHY OF INDIA Continued <ul><li>Melting mountain snows create two major rivers (Map page 111) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indus River </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ganges River </li></ul></ul><ul><li>This is where the majority of the people live in India </li></ul>
  5. 6. GEOGRAPHY OF INDIA Continued <ul><li>The Himalayas have protected India from invaders </li></ul><ul><li>However, there are several mountain passes in which an enemy army can travel through </li></ul>
  6. 7. THE DELHI SULTANATE <ul><li>Muslims from Asia were the first to raid into India </li></ul><ul><li>Conquered much of India (Map page 111) </li></ul><ul><li>Their leaders were called sultans </li></ul>
  7. 8. THE DELHI SULTANATE Continued <ul><li>Their capital city was called Delhi </li></ul>
  8. 9. The Sultan Uses War Elephants to Conquer India
  9. 10. TIMUR AND THE MONGOLS <ul><li>1398 – Mongols invade India through the mountain passes </li></ul><ul><li>Their leader was called Timur (Tamerlane) </li></ul>
  10. 11. Timur Attacks the Sultan
  11. 12. TIMUR AND THE MONGOLS Continued <ul><li>Timur destroys the sultan’s army </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ruins the crops in the fields </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Captures Delhi </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kills thousands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Took many slaves </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. Map of Timur’s Empire (Map Page 111)
  13. 14. THE MUGHAL EMPIRE <ul><li>Timur conquered and destroyed Delhi, then he left </li></ul><ul><li>Another Mongol leader named Babur returns with his own army </li></ul><ul><li>He also defeats the sultan </li></ul>
  14. 15. THE MUGHAL EMPIRE Continued <ul><li>Babur creates the Mughal Empire in India (Map page 111) </li></ul><ul><li>Mughal means Mongol </li></ul>
  15. 16. THE MUGHAL EMPIRE Continued <ul><li>When Babur dies, his grandson, Akbar “The Great” comes to power </li></ul><ul><li>He is the greatest Mughal leader of India </li></ul>
  16. 17. THE MUGHAL EMPIRE Continued <ul><ul><li>Allowed Hindus to worship freely and take part in the government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ended unfair taxes on Hindus </li></ul></ul>
  17. 18. THE FALL OF THE MUGHALS <ul><li>When Akbar dies, his grandson, Shah Jahan comes to power </li></ul><ul><li>Jahan’s wife (Mumtaz Mahal) dies </li></ul><ul><li>Jahan is so grief stricken, he wants to build a tomb as beautiful as she was </li></ul>
  18. 19. THE FALL OF THE MUGHALS Continued <ul><li>He builds the Taj Mahal </li></ul>
  19. 20. THE FALL OF THE MUGHALS Continued <ul><li>Constructing fancy buildings like this bankrupts the Mughals </li></ul><ul><li>Taxes are put back on the Hindus </li></ul><ul><li>The Hindus rebel and the Mughal Empire falls </li></ul>

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