4 1 golden ages of china


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4 1 golden ages of china

  1. 1. CHAPTER 4 : Civilizations of Asia SECTION 1 : Golden Ages of China
  2. 2. VOCABULARY <ul><li>Dynasty : A series of rulers from the same family </li></ul><ul><li>Merit system : A system of hiring people based on their abilities </li></ul><ul><li>Porcelain : A white and very hard type of ceramic </li></ul>
  3. 3. CHINESE GEOGRAPHY <ul><li>China is very large and has a varied landscape </li></ul><ul><li>In the west there are large mountains and the Plateau of Tibet (Map Page 92) </li></ul>
  4. 5. CHINESE GEOGRAPHY <ul><li>In the north there is the Gobi Desert </li></ul><ul><li>In the east and south there are fertile river valleys and coastland </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chang River </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Huang River </li></ul></ul>Continued
  5. 7. DYNASTIES RULE CHINA <ul><li>Throughout its history, China has been ruled by many dynasties </li></ul><ul><li>Han dynasty: 206 BC – 220 AD </li></ul><ul><li>Sui dynasty: 581 AD – 618 AD </li></ul>
  6. 8. THE TANG DYNASTY <ul><li>The Tang Dynasty ruled China from 618 AD – 850 AD (Map Page 92) </li></ul><ul><li>Capital city was Chang’an </li></ul><ul><li>Greatest ruler was Tang Taizong </li></ul>
  7. 9. Map of Tang Dynasty
  8. 10. THE TANG DYNSTY Continued <ul><li>Tang Taizong followed the teachings of Confucius </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reformed the government under these beliefs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gave land to the peasants who farmed it </li></ul></ul>
  9. 11. THE GRAND CANAL <ul><li>Built under the Tang Dynasty </li></ul><ul><li>Waterway that linked the Chang and Huang Rivers (Map Page 92) </li></ul>Grand Canal
  10. 12. THE GRAND CANAL <ul><li>1,000 miles long – Still the largest canal ever built </li></ul><ul><li>Allowed for trade between northern and southern China </li></ul>Continued
  11. 13. THE SONG DYNASTY <ul><li>Ruled China from 960-1279 </li></ul><ul><li>Used the merit system to improve government by picking better leaders </li></ul>
  12. 14. THE SONG DYNASTY Continued <ul><li>First capital city was Kaifeng </li></ul><ul><li>Second capital city was Hangzhou </li></ul>
  13. 15. Map of Song Dynasty
  14. 16. THE ARTS AND TRADE <ul><li>Chinese goods were in high demand all over the world </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chinese ceramics made out of porcelain </li></ul></ul>
  15. 17. THE ARTS AND TRADE Continued <ul><ul><li>Chinese landscape paintings </li></ul></ul>
  16. 18. THE ARTS AND TRADE Continued <ul><ul><li>Chinese silk – Made from cocoons of caterpillars called silkworms </li></ul></ul>
  17. 19. THE SILK ROAD <ul><li>All of these goods would travel west on the ancient Silk Road (Map Page 92) </li></ul><ul><li>They would then be sold in the Middle East, Africa, and Europe </li></ul>
  18. 20. Map of The Silk Road
  19. 21. CHINESE INVENTIONS <ul><li>Movable type was invented by Bi Sheng </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allowed for easier printing of books </li></ul></ul>
  20. 22. CHINESE INVENTIONS Continued <ul><li>The Compass was invented for the navigation of ships </li></ul>
  21. 23. CHINESE INVENTIONS Continued <ul><li>Gunpowder was invented in China </li></ul><ul><ul><li>At first it was only used for fireworks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Later it was used for weapons as well </li></ul></ul>
  22. 24. THE MONGOLS CONQUER CHINA <ul><li>Mongols came from central Asia - north of China </li></ul><ul><li>They were nomads who rode on horseback </li></ul><ul><li>Mongols were fierce warriors </li></ul>
  23. 25. THE MONGOLS CONQUER CHINA Continued <ul><li>Mongol leader Genghis Khan conquered northern China in 1215 </li></ul><ul><li>His grandson, Kublai Khan, completes the conquest and rules over all of China in 1259 </li></ul>
  24. 26. Mongols China
  25. 27. Map of The Mongolian Empire
  26. 28. THE MONGOLS CONQUER CHINA Continued <ul><li>Kublai Khan rules from the city of Beijing </li></ul><ul><li>Calls his dynasty the Yuan or “beginning” </li></ul><ul><li>He did not allow Chinese people to share any leadership positions </li></ul>
  27. 29. THE MONGOLS CONQUER CHINA Continued <ul><li>Finally, in 1368, a peasant leads a revolt against the Mongols and kicks them out of China </li></ul>
  28. 30. The Travels of Marco Polo
  29. 31. MARCO POLO <ul><li>In 1271, an Italian traveler named Marco Polo arrives in Kublai Khan’s China </li></ul><ul><li>He is very impressed with the riches of China </li></ul><ul><li>Polo writes about what he sees – This makes many Europeans want to trade with China </li></ul>