2 1 africa and the bantu

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2 1 africa and the bantu

  1. 1. CHAPTER 2 : Civilizations of Africa SECTION 1 : Africa and the Bantu
  2. 2. VOCABULARY Savanna : An area of grassland with scattered trees and bushes Clan : A group of families who trace their roots to the same ancestor Migration : The movement from one country or region to settle in another Oral History : Accounts of the past that people pass down by word of mouth
  3. 3. AFRICA’S PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY <ul><li>The continent is divided by the equator (Map page 37) </li></ul><ul><li>Climate and vegetation vary widely </li></ul>
  4. 4. AFRICA’S PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY Continued <ul><li>Near the equator are tropical rain forests </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tropical rain forests have a hot and wet climate </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Africa’s Climate and Vegetation
  6. 6. AFRICA’S PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY Continued <ul><li>Surrounding the forest is savanna </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grassland with scattered trees and bushes </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Africa’s Climate and Vegetation
  8. 8. AFRICA’S PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY Continued <ul><li>Deserts are north and south of the savanna </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sahara Desert stretches across northern Africa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Largest desert in the world </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Africa’s Climate and Vegetation
  10. 10. AFRICA’S PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY Continued <ul><li>Major rivers of Africa </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nile River </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Niger River </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Congo River </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Zambezi River </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Africa’s Major Rivers
  12. 12. THE BANTU PEOPLE <ul><li>Civilization is over 4,000 years old </li></ul><ul><li>Lived in central Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Worked as fishermen, farmers, herders </li></ul><ul><li>Each village consisted of a clan of people </li></ul><ul><li>Clans trace their ancestry through women </li></ul>
  13. 13. THE BANTU MIGRATIONS <ul><li>Migrations happened over thousands of years (Map page 39) </li></ul><ul><li>Migrated because: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Land was overcrowded </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Looking for better land to farm and graze animals on </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. The Bantu Migrations
  15. 15. THE SPREAD OF BANTU CULTURE <ul><li>When the Bantu moved, they often encountered other people </li></ul><ul><li>These other people would have two choices: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Join the Bantu </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Move away to new land </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. THE SPREAD OF BANTU CULTURE Continued <ul><li>Many chose to join the Bantu </li></ul><ul><li>Why did they do this? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bantu had superior farming techniques </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bantu could make iron tools for farming, hunting, and warfare </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. THE SPREAD OF BANTU CULTURE Continued <ul><li>Other than this, very little is known about the Bantu </li></ul><ul><li>Most of their story has been passed on through oral history , not written down </li></ul><ul><li>Today, most of the people living south of the Sahara Desert are descended from the Bantu </li></ul>

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