Communist Russia became an
   industrialised country
Stalin’s Objectives for Rapid
           Industrialisation
1. Transform Russia into a modern industrial
   state.
2. To be...
Magnitogorsk

• Built from scratch mainly using forced labour.
• Largest industrial city.
• Steel from its new factories w...
Development of new industries

• Foreign experts were hired to teach Russians
  in technical areas.
• More women were empl...
How did Stalin implement
         industrialisation?
• Used Five-Year Plans to
  speed up industrialisation.
• Three Five-...
First Five-Year Plan – 1928 to 1932

• Focused on heavy industries.
• Output doubled in five years for iron and steel
  pr...
Second Five-Year Plan – 1933 to
             1937
• Set new targets for heavy industries.
• More attention given to consum...
Third Five-Year Plan – 1938 to
               1942
• Emphasis of military production continued.
• Factories were built to ...
Impact of Industrialisation

• Poor work conditions
• System of rewards and training for workers
• Changing living conditi...
Poor work conditions

• Many Russians formed ‘Shock Brigades’
  (highly-motivated workers).
• Initial enthusiasm waned in ...
Economy

• Government took complete control of the
  economy.
• Known as a planned economy.
• New government department fo...
System of rewards and training for
            workers
• The Communist government offered salaries
  based on how much a w...
Changing living conditions

• Russians suffered bitterly cold winters
  because of no suitable clothing and their
  homes ...
Changing living conditions

• After 1935, rationing ended and more goods
  were available.
• Workers believed the Soviet U...
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Communist Russia Became An Industrialised Country

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Communist Russia Became An Industrialised Country

  1. 1. Communist Russia became an industrialised country
  2. 2. Stalin’s Objectives for Rapid Industrialisation 1. Transform Russia into a modern industrial state. 2. To be prepared for an attack by non- communist country. 3. Focused on heavy industries (steel, metallurgy, chemicals, oil, coal and electricity).
  3. 3. Magnitogorsk • Built from scratch mainly using forced labour. • Largest industrial city. • Steel from its new factories was used for building industrial products such as tractors and railways.
  4. 4. Development of new industries • Foreign experts were hired to teach Russians in technical areas. • More women were employed. • Farmers encouraged to work in industries.
  5. 5. How did Stalin implement industrialisation? • Used Five-Year Plans to speed up industrialisation. • Three Five-Year Plans from 1920s to 1930s.
  6. 6. First Five-Year Plan – 1928 to 1932 • Focused on heavy industries. • Output doubled in five years for iron and steel production and in electricity, chemicals and engineering. • Targets were increased. • Completed in four years instead.
  7. 7. Second Five-Year Plan – 1933 to 1937 • Set new targets for heavy industries. • More attention given to consumer industries. • However, from 1934 onwards, priority was given to industries related to military production.
  8. 8. Third Five-Year Plan – 1938 to 1942 • Emphasis of military production continued. • Factories were built to East of the Ural Mountains. • Transport and communication networks greatly improved. • Disrupted when Germany invaded in 1941.
  9. 9. Impact of Industrialisation • Poor work conditions • System of rewards and training for workers • Changing living conditions
  10. 10. Poor work conditions • Many Russians formed ‘Shock Brigades’ (highly-motivated workers). • Initial enthusiasm waned in face of appalling work conditions and unrealistic production targets. • Government took strict disciplinary action against workers who were underperforming or who engaged in sabotage.
  11. 11. Economy • Government took complete control of the economy. • Known as a planned economy. • New government department formed to set targets in each industry and planned locations of new towns and industrial cities (mostly East of Ural Mountains).
  12. 12. System of rewards and training for workers • The Communist government offered salaries based on how much a worker produced. • Hard work was rewarded. • Alexei Stakhanov was a role model. • Primary education was made compulsory. • By the 1930s, Russian workers were able to obtain well-paid, high-skilled jobs.
  13. 13. Changing living conditions • Russians suffered bitterly cold winters because of no suitable clothing and their homes were poorly heated. • Basic goods had to be rationed. • Between 1928 and 1933, the actual value of the salaries fell by 50%.
  14. 14. Changing living conditions • After 1935, rationing ended and more goods were available. • Workers believed the Soviet Union was creating a new and better society for Russians.

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