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Sancho
Libro Gramatica
1) Subjunctive in Adjective Clauses
2) Tú Commands
3) Nosotros Commands
4) Past Participles as Adjectives
5) Present Perfe...
Subjunctive
in Adjective
Clauses
 Subjunctive is used in adjective clauses when
referring to a person, place, thing, or i...
Tú Commands
Affirmative Tú Commands conjugate to third
person
Comer-----Come
Bailar------Baila
Negative conjugates to Tú f...
Nosotros Commands
Past Participles as adjectives
Drop infinitive’s ending and
add
ado if –ar verb, -ido if –er/-ir
verb
Cambiar---Cambiado
C...
Present Perfect
Irregulars-
ABC song
Formed by joining the present
tense of haber with the past
participle of a verb. They...
Past Perfect
Había Habíamo
s
Habías
Había Habían
+ Past
Participle
Formed by using the imperfect
tense of the auxiliary ve...
Future
é emos
ás
á án
Also used to
express wonder or
probability in the
present state
Past Subjunctive/Preterite
Subjunctive
 Used with preterite, imperfect, or conditional
clauses
 Formed by using the udst...
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mi libro gramatica 2

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mi libro gramatica 2

  1. 1. Sancho Libro Gramatica
  2. 2. 1) Subjunctive in Adjective Clauses 2) Tú Commands 3) Nosotros Commands 4) Past Participles as Adjectives 5) Present Perfect 6) Past Perfect 7) Future 8) Conditional 9) Past Subjunctive
  3. 3. Subjunctive in Adjective Clauses  Subjunctive is used in adjective clauses when referring to a person, place, thing, or idea that doesn’t exist or its existence is uncertain or theoretical. Ex: Busco para un hotel que tenga una piscina.  The personal a is not used with subjunctive but alguien and ningun follow a personal a when the noun is a direct object.
  4. 4. Tú Commands Affirmative Tú Commands conjugate to third person Comer-----Come Bailar------Baila Negative conjugates to Tú form of subjunctive Comer-----No comas Bailar------No bailes Decir Di Hacer Haz Ir Ve Poner Pon Salir Sal Ser Sé Tener Ten Venir Ven Irregular negative- TVDISHES Irregular affirmative
  5. 5. Nosotros Commands
  6. 6. Past Participles as adjectives Drop infinitive’s ending and add ado if –ar verb, -ido if –er/-ir verb Cambiar---Cambiado Correr-----Corrido When used as an adjective, it must match the number and gender of noun modified Creer----Creído Oír-------Oído Irregulars- ABC song When a ver ends in er or ir and the last letter is a vowel, an accent is used
  7. 7. Present Perfect Irregulars- ABC song Formed by joining the present tense of haber with the past participle of a verb. They are never separated. all pronouns and the word “no” go before haber. He Hemos Has Ha Han + Past Participle He comido. Han jugado. I have eaten. They have played.
  8. 8. Past Perfect Había Habíamo s Habías Había Habían + Past Participle Formed by using the imperfect tense of the auxiliary verb haber with a participle Había estudiado Habíamos comido I had studied We had eaten Irregulars- ABC song
  9. 9. Future é emos ás á án Also used to express wonder or probability in the present state
  10. 10. Past Subjunctive/Preterite Subjunctive  Used with preterite, imperfect, or conditional clauses  Formed by using the udstedes form of the preterite of the verb, dropping the –ron and adding one of these endings Ra Ramos Ras Ra Ran For words with irregular stems, add the ending onto the irregular stem.

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