Mi Libro Gramatica
Sancho Donley
Contents
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.

Preterite and ImperfectO
Por/ParaO
Possessive Adjectives and Pronouns...
Irregulars

Preterite

Tener es tuve
Estar estuve
Ir es fui y también ser
Poner es puse
Poder es pude
Traje es para traer
...
Por
•

Going through something

Para
•
•

Going to somewhere
Describing destination
Possessive Adjectives and Pronouns

Mi(s) Nuestro(a/os/as)
Tu(s)

Vuestro(a/os/as)

Su(s) Su(s)

Singular

Plural

Mío(a) ...
Usted and Ustedes Commands
Command forms are used to give orders or advice. Usted and ustedes can be
used to refer to a gr...
MUST:
2 clauses
Que
Verbos
**Subjunctive form of hay = haya
especiales
The subjects mood expresses the speaker’s attitude ...
AconsejarTo advise
Sugerir(eei)To suggest

Rogar(o-ue)to beg, to
plead

Recomendar(eei)- to
recommend

VERBS OF
WILL AND
I...
Subjunctive with Verbs of Emotion
• When the main clause of a sentence expresses an emotion or feeling, use the
subjunctiv...
Doubt, Disbelief, and Denial
• The subjunctive is used with expressions of doubt, disbelief, and denial
• The subjunctive ...
Conjunctions
• words or phrases that connect clauses in sentences – introduce adverbial
clauses – always require subjuncti...
Month

Content

Aug. 5- Sept.
13

El carro y la
tecnología

UEQ:
Sept. 23Oct. 31

UEQ:

Vocabulary

Grammar

Culture

The ...
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000 mi libro gramatica

  1. 1. Mi Libro Gramatica Sancho Donley
  2. 2. Contents 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. Preterite and ImperfectO Por/ParaO Possessive Adjectives and PronounsO Ud/Uds CommandsO Present SubjunctiveO Subjunctive with Verbs of Will and InfluenceO Subjunctive with Verbs of EmotionO Doubt, disbelief, and denial Conjunctions Subjunctive in adjective clauses Tu commands Nosotros commands Past participles used as adjectives
  3. 3. Irregulars Preterite Tener es tuve Estar estuve Ir es fui y también ser Poner es puse Poder es pude Traje es para traer Hacer; hice Haber; hubo Saber; supe Querer; quise Decir; dije Venir; vine Ver; vi Dar; di Y no acentos Snapshot In time ir ar é amo s aste ó astei s í imos iste istei s ió ieron aron Imperfect ía aba ábamo s abas abais aba aban íamo s ías íais ía ían
  4. 4. Por • Going through something Para • • Going to somewhere Describing destination
  5. 5. Possessive Adjectives and Pronouns Mi(s) Nuestro(a/os/as) Tu(s) Vuestro(a/os/as) Su(s) Su(s) Singular Plural Mío(a) Nuestro(a ) Míos(a s) Tuyo(a Vuestros(a ) s) Tuyos(a Vuestros(as) s) Suyo( Suyos(a Suyo(as) Suyo(a) Nuestros(a s) To form a possessive pronoun: • Use the long form of the possessive adjective • Add el, la, los, las based on the gender and the number of the noun Attach the pronoun to a reflexive when using a reflexive in the infinitive form
  6. 6. Usted and Ustedes Commands Command forms are used to give orders or advice. Usted and ustedes can be used to refer to a group of people or in formal situations. **Stem changers keep stem change in IRREGULARITY IN YO FORM- same irregularity in formal commands: command s Conducir, conocer, decir, hacer, ofrecer, oír, poner, salir, tener, traducir, traer, venir, & HOW REGULARS ARE FORMED: 1) Drop the final –o of the yo form of the present tense 2) For –ar verbs, add –e or –en & for –ir –er verbs, add –a or -an ver Irregulars -car, -gar, -zar verbs In negative have a spelling commands, the change: pronouns precede c > qu the verb g > gu z>c • To make a command negative, put a no before the verb • R&O pronouns attach to end of verb – add accents
  7. 7. MUST: 2 clauses Que Verbos **Subjunctive form of hay = haya especiales The subjects mood expresses the speaker’s attitude toward events, 2 subjunctive actions, or states that the speaker views are uncertain or hypothetical Present Subjunctive To form it: 1) put in yo form of verb, 2) drop the –o, 3) add the subjunctive ending -AR VERBS PRESENT SUBJUNCTIVE -e -emos -es -e -car,-gar,-zar have spelling change in all forms -ER,-IR VERBS PRESENT SUBJUNCTIVE -a -amos IRREGULAR YO -as -en -a -an USES: -ar and –er stem Will and influence changers have same as Emotion Doubt, disbelief, and denial present indicative -ir stem changers have Indefiniteness and nonexistence same + nosotros form thingy IRREGULARS
  8. 8. AconsejarTo advise Sugerir(eei)To suggest Rogar(o-ue)to beg, to plead Recomendar(eei)- to recommend VERBS OF WILL AND INFLUENC E Importar- to be important, to matter Insistir (en)to insist (on) Mandar- to order prohibirTo prohibit
  9. 9. Subjunctive with Verbs of Emotion • When the main clause of a sentence expresses an emotion or feeling, use the subjunctive in the subordinate clause >Use the infinitive after an expression of emotion when there is no change of subject**** EX: Temo llegar tarde (I’m concerned I’ll arrive late) Ojalá que is followed by the subjunctive TO FORM: main clause with verb of emotion in the present indicative + que then subordinate clause with subjunctive verb according to second subject
  10. 10. Doubt, Disbelief, and Denial • The subjunctive is used with expressions of doubt, disbelief, and denial • The subjunctive is used in a subordinate clause when there is a change of subject and the main clause implies negation or uncertainty • Like in previous slide, use infinitive after no change in subject es posible y es probable implies inherent uncertainty and therefore triggers the subjunctive in the subordinate clause, creer expresses belief or certainty, followed by indicitve Quizás and tal vez imply an uncertain possibility and are usually followed by subjunctive
  11. 11. Conjunctions • words or phrases that connect clauses in sentences – introduce adverbial clauses – always require subjunctive • use the infinitive after the prepositions antes de, para, and sin when there is not change in subject • use the indicative if verb in main clause expresses habitual actions or past action • use the subjunctive in subordinate clause if main clause expresses future or command
  12. 12. Month Content Aug. 5- Sept. 13 El carro y la tecnología UEQ: Sept. 23Oct. 31 UEQ: Vocabulary Grammar Culture The car and its accessories Imperfect/preterite/por y para/stressed Tira cómica: El Computers and electronic possessive adjectives and pronouns cellular products Tute How does one discuss car issues in Spanish-speaking countries? How is technology used in Spanish-speaking countries? Hogar, dulce The parts of a house; Ud. + Uds. commands/present Lectura: hogar household chores; table subjunctive/subjunctive with verbs of will ¡Bienvenidos a la settings and influence Casa Colorada! América Central How do you tell someone to do something? Nov. 4Dec. 20 UEQ: La naturaleza The environment Conservation How can we protect our natural resources? Subjunctive w/verbs of emotion/ doubt, disbelief and denial/conjunctions Lectura: Dos fábulas Jan. 7- Feb. 14 En la ciudad Subjunctive in adjective clauses/ tú commands/nosotros commands Lectura: Esquina peligrosa América Central II UEQ: In what ways do communities and cities reflect Hispanic culture? Feb. 24April 11 El bienestar UEQ: How do healthy habits differ from culture to culture? April-14May 23 El mundo del trabajo UEQ: Can you discuss your future plans and participate in an interview? City life; giving directions Banking and postal needs Personal fitness and well-being Nutrition Professions and the workplace Job interviews Past participles used as adjectives/ present perfect/ past perfect Future tense/ conditional tense/ past subjunctive Lectura: El viaje Lectura: Imaginación y destino España

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