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EPA SMART GROWTH PRINCIPLES
1

Mix land uses

2

Take advantage of compact building design

3

Create a range of housing o...
• Redevelop vacant land into
usable green space
• Include a variety of housing
types in any development
• Create a natural...
STRATEGY TOOLKIT

HIGH POINT CENTRAL DISTRICT

Seattle, Washington

Design a
walkable
atmosphere

Pasadena, California

De...
PROBLEM
A community needs a
neighborhood center

Redevelop
properties
surrounding
existing
parks
Redevelop
existing parks
...
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Emily Epa smart growth precedent diagrams jones reduced

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Emily Epa smart growth precedent diagrams jones reduced

  1. 1. EPA SMART GROWTH PRINCIPLES 1 Mix land uses 2 Take advantage of compact building design 3 Create a range of housing opportunities and choices 4 Create walkable neighborhoods 5 Foster distinctive, attractive communities with a strong sense of place 6 Preserve open space, farmland, natural beauty, and critical environmental areas 7 Strengthen and direct development towards existing communities 8 Provide a variety of transportation choices 9 Make development decisions predictable, fair, and cost effective 10 Encourage community and stakeholder collaboration in development decisions HIGH POINT REDEVELOPMENT exemplifies Providing a range of housing types Promoting walkable neighborhoods Preserving open space CENTRAL DISTRICT SPECIFIC PLAN exemplifies Providing transportation choices Including mixed land uses Promoting stakeholder participation ABYSSINIAN NEIGHBORHOOD PROJECT exemplifies Utilizing existing development Exhibiting compact building design Practicing fair decision-making DAVIDSON LAND PLAN exemplifies Exhibiting a distinct sense of place Promoting walkable neighborhoods Providing a range of housing types SMART GROWTH BYWATER exemplifies Utilizing existing development Preserving open space Providing transportation choices
  2. 2. • Redevelop vacant land into usable green space • Include a variety of housing types in any development • Create a natural drainage system using the existing topography • Support a walkable neighborhood CENTRAL DISTRICT SPECIFIC PLAN Redevelopment plan for a popular town near Los Angeles that was developed to give residents a choice of where to live and how to travel around the city • Promote more housing choices for a range of incomes • Emphasize walking and all other modes of alternate transportation • Maintain the town’s unique sense of place • 15% of all new housing units are affordable for low-income families • 85% of new housing developments are built within a one mile radius of alternate transportation • New streets require wide sidewalks, pedestrian scaled lighting, and benches • Dedicate a number of new housing units to the low income population • Design new housing units to have ample access to alternate transportation • Make all major streets pedestrian friendly ABYSSINIAN NEIGHBORHOOD PROJECT Planned expansion of the housing and commercial options for the residents of Harlem • Support local businesses • Address the social and economic needs of the area • Emphasize different modes of transportation • Revitalize the neighborhoods with a positive sustainable impact • Built 15,000 square feet of commercial space • Built 200 affordable housing units for low-income families • Built up near transit hubs to provide access to bike and walking paths • Cleaned up abandoned buildings and underutilized land • Repurpose buildings to support local businesses • Provide housing for low income families • Focus investment near any existing transit hubs • Clean up/repurpose vacant land to lower environmental impactS DAVIDSON LAND PLAN Redevelopment plan that was put into place to preserve and enhance the town’s character while it grows • Accommodate growth and maintain the town’s sense of place • Provide access to a park within a five-minute walk • Promote alternate forms of transportation • Provide housing for low-income residents • Revitalized downtown buildings • Developed housing near existing neighborhood parks • Required all new streets to have pedestrian, bicycle, and street circulation • Dedicated 12.5% of new housing to low-income families • Repurpose buildings • Build up areas surrounding parks • Redevelop street grid to include circulation for all travel • Revitalize existing homes to serve low-income families Coalition of neighborhood residents dedicated to making the quality of life in The Bywater better • Provide more green space for the community • Revitalize the neighborhood using existing buildings • Support alternate forms of transportation • Supporting the redevelopment of a local park into a destination • Redeveloping corner buildings as small neighborhood friendly businesses • Supporting an initiative to install bike racks all over the area and the extension of the streetcar line • Redevelop existing parks • Redevelop existing corner buildings into commercial centers of the community • Install bike racks in high traffic areas to encourage bicycle travel Seattle, Washington Implemented in 2004 Pasadena, California Implemented in 2004 Davidson, North Carolina Implemented in 2001 SMART GROWTH BYWATER New Orleans, Louisiana Implemented in 2010 PROJECT Harlem, New York Implemented in 2000 STRATEGIES • 20 acres of land were dedicated to green space development • 1700 housing units were built, including a number of low income, senior, and market rate housing • Implemented a natural drainage system that filters storm water • All streets are narrow short blocks that include planters RESULTS • Provide more green space for the area • Create a mixed income community with a variety of housing types • Encourage sustainability • Create a pedestrian oriented neighborhood GOALS Rebuild of a formerly crime ridden and dilapidated 120 acre hilltop neighborhood on the outskirts of West Seattle DESCRIPTION HIGH POINT REDEVELOPMENT
  3. 3. STRATEGY TOOLKIT HIGH POINT CENTRAL DISTRICT Seattle, Washington Design a walkable atmosphere Pasadena, California Dedicate a number of new housing units to low-income families Harlem, New York DAVIDSON Davidson, North Carolina THE BYWATER Redevelop existing commercial space to support local businesses Design street grid to include circulation for all travel Redevelop existing parks ABYSSINIAN Design new housing units to have access to alternate transportation Design a natural drainage system using the existing topography BUS STOP Design all major streets to be pedestrian friendly Redevelop existing vacant land into usable green space Invest near alternate transportation BUS STOP Design a variety of housing types for any development Redevelop properties surrounding existing parks Redevelop existing homes to serve low-income families Alternate Transportation Commercial Space New Orleans, Louisiana Install bike racks in high traffic areas to encourage bicycle travel Redevelop existing corner buildings into commercial centers of the community Green Space Housing ALLENDALE AND LEDBETTER AS SMART GROWTH COMMUNITIES
  4. 4. PROBLEM A community needs a neighborhood center Redevelop properties surrounding existing parks Redevelop existing parks A large number of low income families that need affordable housing options A large amount of the population does not own a car A large amount of underutilized vacant land A number of abadoned buildings and need for more commercial options RESULT SOLUTION Design a variety of housing types for any development Dedicate a number of new housing units to low-income families Design all major streets to be pedestrian friendly Install bike racks in high traffic areas to encourage bicycle travel Redevelop existing homes to serve low-income families Design new housing units to have access to alternate transportation BUS STOP Design street grid to include circulation for all travel Design a natural drainage system using the existing topography Redevelop existing vacant land into usable green space Invest near alternate transportation Redevelop existing commercial space to support local businesses BUS STOP Design a walkable atmosphere Redevelop existing corner buildings into commercial centers of the community A hub with commercial and green space, accessible by alternate transportation A variety of opportunities for low income families to build a home A community that embraces alternate forms of transportation Parks, ponds, and walkable jogging paths that are available for the community to enjoy Revitalized commercial space bringing money into the community

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