The Brood NestWhere the first signs of trouble inthe hive can most often be found! If you know your brood stuff!
Combs Are The Basic Structural Unit Of The Hive
Functions Of The Comb Reproduction Of The Colony Storage Of Nectar And Pollen Foundation For Establishing The Winter Cluster Orientation Point For Communicative Dances
Adequate Supplies of DrawnComb Is A Limiting Factor InMost Beekeeping Operations
Proper Arrangement Of Combs Bee Space 1/4- 3/8 Inches Burr Comb
Damaged Combs Loss Of Brood Area Increase In Drone Brood Increased Difficulty In Uncapping Honey
Why Examine Brood Patterns? Overall Condition Of The Colony Presence Or Absence Of A Queen Quality Of A Queen Availability of Fresh Nectar And Food Stores Checking For Bee Diseases/Varroa Mites Colony Strength Inclination To Swarm Population Balance
QUEENLESSNESS!• How to Recognize it? – First, Look for Lack of Eggs and/or Young Brood! – Look for signs of laying workers! – Look for virgin Queen! – Listen to the sound of the bees! – Look at Pollen! • Is there fresh pollen in the combs? • Is the pollen old and has a glossy appearance?
Quality Of The Queen Cannot Determine By Queen’s Appearance Examine The Brood Pattern Solid Brood Pattern Spotty Brood Pattern
How Can You Tell IfThe Brood Cycle Has Been Broken?
Once A Queen Has Laid For 3Weeks Uninterrupted, The Healthy Hive Should Have: Brood Of All Stages/Ages 12-15% Eggs 30-35 % Uncapped (Larvae) 50-60% Capped (Pupae)Any Deviation From This Indicates A Break In The Brood Cycle/Pattern
What Causes A Disruption Of The Brood Cycle?Anything That Causes TheQueen To Stop Laying OrThat Destroys The Brood
Break In Brood Rearing Cycle PesticideKill Or Sudden Die-Off Of Adult Workers Death Of A Queen Lack Of Nectar Flow Or Food Stores Diseases And Parasitic Mites Weather