Tumor Of The Head And Neck

2,621 views

Published on

0 Comments
5 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,621
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
176
Comments
0
Likes
5
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Tumor Of The Head And Neck

  1. 1.
  2. 2.
  3. 3.
  4. 4.
  5. 5.
  6. 6. Azureu<br />
  7. 7.
  8. 8.
  9. 9.
  10. 10.
  11. 11.
  12. 12.
  13. 13.
  14. 14.
  15. 15.
  16. 16.
  17. 17.
  18. 18.
  19. 19.
  20. 20.
  21. 21.
  22. 22.
  23. 23.
  24. 24.
  25. 25.
  26. 26.
  27. 27.
  28. 28.
  29. 29.
  30. 30.
  31. 31.
  32. 32.
  33. 33.
  34. 34.
  35. 35.
  36. 36.
  37. 37.
  38. 38.
  39. 39.
  40. 40.
  41. 41. Patterns of Lymph Node Metastasis<br />The regional lymphatic drainage of the neck is divided into seven levels. These levels allow for a standardized format for radiologists, surgeons, pathologists, and radiation oncologists to communicate concerning specific sites within the neck and does not represent regions isolated by fascial planes. The levels are defined as the following:<br />      Level I—the submental and submandibular nodes<br />      Level Ia—the submental nodes; medial to the anterior belly of the digastric muscle bilaterally, symphysis of mandible superiorly, and hyoid inferiorly<br />      Level Ib—the submandibular nodes and gland; posterior to the anterior belly of digastric, anterior to the posterior belly of digastric and inferior to the body of the mandible<br />      Level II—upper jugular chain nodes<br />
  42. 42.       Level IIa—jugulodigastric nodes; deep to sternocleidomastoid (SCM) muscle, anterior to the posterior border of the muscle, posterior to the posterior aspect of the posterior belly of digastric, superior to the level of the hyoid, inferior to spinal accessory nerve (CN XI)<br />      Level IIb—submuscular recess; superior to spinal accessory nerve to the level of the skull base<br />      Level III—middle jugular chain nodes; inferior to the hyoid, superior to the level of the hyoid, deep to SCM from posterior border of the muscle to the strap muscles medially<br />      Level IV—lower jugular chain nodes; inferior to the level of the cricoid, superior to the clavicle, deep to SCM from posterior border of the muscle to the strap muscles medially<br />
  43. 43.       Level V—posterior triangle nodes<br />      Level Va—lateral to the posterior aspect of the SCM, inferior and medial to splenius capitis and trapezius, superior to the spinal accessory nerve<br />      Level Vb—lateral to the posterior aspect of SCM, medial to trapezius, inferior to the spinal accessory nerve, superior to the clavicle<br />      Level VI—anterior compartment nodes; inferior to the hyoid, superior to suprasternal notch, medial to the lateral extent of the strap muscles bilaterally<br />      Level VII—paratracheal nodes; inferior to the suprasternal notch in the upper mediastinum<br />
  44. 44.
  45. 45.
  46. 46.
  47. 47. Table 17-3 TNM Staging for Oral Cavity Carcinoma<br />Primary tumor   <br />TX Unable to assess primary tumor   <br />T0 No evidence of primary tumor  <br />Tis Carcinoma in situ   <br />T1 Tumor is <2 cm in greatest dimension   <br />T2 Tumor >2 cm and <4 cm in greatest dimension   <br />T3 Tumor >4 cm in greatest dimension   <br />T4 (lip) Primary tumor invading cortical bone, inferior alveolar nerve, floor of mouth, or skin of face (e.g., nose or chin)   <br />T4a (oral) Tumor invades adjacent structures (e.g., cortical bone, into deep tongue musculature, maxillary sinus) or skin of face   <br />T4b (oral) Tumor invades masticator space, pterygoid plates, or skull base and/or encases the internal carotid artery<br />
  48. 48. Regional lymphadenopathy   <br />NX Unable to assess regional lymph nodes   <br />N0 No evidence of regional metastasis   <br />N1 Metastasis in a single ipsilateral lymph node, 3 cm or less in greatest dimension   <br />N2a Metastasis in single ipsilateral lymph node, >3 cm and <6 cm   <br />N2b Metastasis in multiple ipsilateral lymph nodes, all nodes <6 cm   <br />N2c Metastasis in bilateral or contralateral lymph nodes, all nodes <6 cm   <br />N3 Metastasis in a lymph node >6 cm in greatest dimension<br />
  49. 49. Distant metastases   <br />MX Unable to assess for distant metastases   <br />M0 No distant metastases   <br />M1 Distant metastases<br />TMN staging   <br />Stage 0 Tis N0 M0   <br />Stage I T1 N0 M0   <br />Stage II T2 N0 M0   <br />Stage III T3 N0 M0 T1-3 N1 M0   <br />Stage IVa T4a N0 M0 T4a N1 M0 T1-4a N2 M0 <br />Stage IVb Any T N3 M0 T4b Any N M0 <br />Stage IVc Any T Any N M1<br />
  50. 50.
  51. 51.
  52. 52.
  53. 53.
  54. 54.
  55. 55.
  56. 56.
  57. 57.
  58. 58.
  59. 59.
  60. 60.
  61. 61.
  62. 62.
  63. 63.
  64. 64.
  65. 65.
  66. 66.
  67. 67.
  68. 68.
  69. 69.
  70. 70.
  71. 71.
  72. 72.
  73. 73. Muscles of the Neck<br />
  74. 74. Muscles of the Tongue<br />
  75. 75. Muscles of Palate & Pharynx<br />

×