Psychotic Disorders

5,605 views

Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
5,605
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
17
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
370
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Psychotic Disorders

  1. 1. PSYCHOTIC DISORDERS
  2. 4. SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF PSYCHOSIS <ul><li>LYCANTROPY – delusonal belief that one is a werewolf </li></ul><ul><li>HEUTOSCOPY – belief seeing oneself </li></ul><ul><li>GALEANTROPY – belief that one is a dog </li></ul><ul><li>CYNANTROPY – belief that one is a cat </li></ul><ul><li>VAMPIRISM – belief that one is a vampire </li></ul><ul><li>OTHELLO SYNDROME – delusional jealousy </li></ul><ul><li>CLERAMBAULT-KADINSKY – erotomanic delusion </li></ul><ul><li>INCUBUS SYNDROME – one has a phantom lover </li></ul><ul><li>DOPPELGANGER SYNDROME – one has a double as an imaginary companion </li></ul><ul><li>EKBOM’S SYNDROME – delusional parasitosis </li></ul><ul><li>PHANTOM BOARDER – unwelcome delusional house guests </li></ul>
  3. 9. SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF PSYCHOSIS <ul><li>CACODEMONOMANIA – One who believes that he is possessed by an evil spirit. Belief that Satan is having intercourse with her. </li></ul>
  4. 12. SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF PSYCHOSIS <ul><li>INTERMETAMORPHOSIS – those around look like one’s enemies </li></ul><ul><li>DORIAN GRAY SYNDROME – One does not age </li></ul><ul><li>COTARD’S SYNDROME – delusional sense of nihilism </li></ul><ul><li>FREGOLI’S PHENOMENON – a persecutor impersonates people the patient knows </li></ul><ul><li>LILLIPUTIAN HALLUCINATION – seeing people as small creatures </li></ul><ul><li>MESSIANIC DELUSION – belief that he is a messiah </li></ul><ul><li>MIGNON DELUSION – belief that he belongs to Royal lineage </li></ul><ul><li>PICTURE SIGN – People on the TV is inside the house </li></ul><ul><li>NOETIC DELUSION – prophetic delusion </li></ul><ul><li>COMMAND HALLUCINATION – Obeying orders of what is asked through auditory hallucinations </li></ul><ul><li>CAPGRAS SYNDROME – An identical looking impostors has replaced someone significant to the patient. </li></ul>
  5. 13. SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF PSYCHOSIS <ul><li>HALLUCINATIONS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>AUDITORY </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VISUAL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TACTILE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OLFACTORY </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GUSTATORY </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SOMATIC </li></ul></ul>
  6. 14. SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF PSYCHOSIS <ul><li>Language and communication changes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Circumstantiality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tangential </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Derailment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Looseness of association </li></ul></ul>
  7. 15. SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF PSYCHOSIS <ul><li>Abnormal motor activity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Catatonic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grossly disorganized behavior </li></ul></ul>
  8. 16. SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF PSYCHOSIS <ul><li>Negative symptoms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poverty of speech output </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poverty of thought content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Affective flattening </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avolition/apathy </li></ul></ul>
  9. 17. SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF PSYCHOSIS <ul><li>Schneiderian First rank Symptoms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thought insertion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thought withdrawal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thought Broadcasting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hearing one’s thought spoken aloud </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hearing voices arguing about or discussing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hearing voice’s comment on one’s actions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Delusional interpretation of one’s perceptions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Experiencing bodily sensations as if imposed from outside </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Experiencing affect as if imposed and controlled from outside </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Experiencing impulses as if imposed and controlled from outside </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Experiencing motor actions as if imposed and controlled from outside </li></ul></ul>
  10. 18. PSYCHOTIC DISORDERS <ul><li>Brief Psychotic disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Schizophreniform disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Schizophrenia </li></ul><ul><li>Delusional disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Shared psychotic disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Schizoaffective disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Psychotic disorder due to medical condition </li></ul>
  11. 19. Brief Psychotic disorders <ul><li>Severe precipitating stressor </li></ul><ul><li>Psychosis last for at least one but less than one month </li></ul><ul><li>Presence of delusion, hallucinations, disorganized behavior, derailment or incoherence </li></ul>
  12. 20. Schizophreniform disorder <ul><li>Criteria A,D, and E of schizophrenia are met </li></ul><ul><li>Prodromal, active, and residual phase lasts at least for one month but less than 6 months. </li></ul>
  13. 21. Schizophrenia <ul><li>Worst psychotic disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Bizarre delusions </li></ul><ul><li>No return in previous level of functioning </li></ul><ul><li>Types of schizophrenia </li></ul><ul><li>Paranoid type </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hebephrenic type </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Catatonic Type </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disorganized type </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Residual type </li></ul></ul>
  14. 22. Delusional disorders <ul><li>Formerly known as paranoia or paranoid disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Non – bizarre delusions </li></ul><ul><li>Mono-symptomatic delusions </li></ul><ul><li>Types </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Persecutory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grandiose </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jealousy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Erotomanic delusion </li></ul></ul>
  15. 23. Shared Psychotic Disorder <ul><li>Psychotic symptoms developed during a long term relationship with another person who had the same psychotic syndrome </li></ul><ul><li>Most commonly involved two persons </li></ul><ul><li>Better known as folie a deux </li></ul>
  16. 24. Psychotic Disorders Due to GMC <ul><li>Typhoid fever </li></ul><ul><li>Temporal lobe epilepsy </li></ul><ul><li>Alzheimer’s disease </li></ul><ul><li>Frontotemporal dementia </li></ul><ul><li>Cortical lewy body disease </li></ul><ul><li>Huntington’s Chorea </li></ul><ul><li>Parkinson’s Disease </li></ul>
  17. 25. Psychotic Disorders Due to GMC <ul><li>idiopathic basal ganglia calcification (Fahr’s disease) </li></ul><ul><li>Posttraumatic encephalopathy </li></ul><ul><li>Viral encephalitis </li></ul><ul><li>Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease </li></ul><ul><li>Stroke </li></ul><ul><li>Vascular dementia </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple sclerosis </li></ul><ul><li>Brain tumors </li></ul><ul><li>Vitamin B12 deficiency </li></ul>

×