The philosophy around the BIM (Building Information Modeling) concept enables the joining of different project scopes in a single virtual model, which brings a growing need for constant information exchange between stakeholders in construction projects. A higher level of interoperability means higher levels of engagement among participants in the building project and therefore allows greater monitoring workflow, greater automation of processes and greater control of errors and failures throughout the life-cycle of the building. Thus, the implementation of BIM enables a significant increase of speed in project and building processes.
The IFC standard as an interoperability agent has been now implemented for over one and a half. This additional pressure now comes with the realization of the new IFC4 scheme as an ISO standardization, which represents a major breakthrough of the IFC specification.
Hereby, the aim of this study subject begin by investigate IFC entities that allow the structural definition of building elements defining their analytical functions, which is now supported by IFC4. The fast technological advances require us to be always one step ahead in all that concerns informatical sistems. Therefore, in the IFC field, this thesis focused especially on simple concrete structural elements (like footings, columns, beams and slabs) whose multiplication allows the composition of regular building structures. Beyond identifying the classes needed to define the structural elements that make up a regular building, was also made a study of the current levels of interoperability for the transfer of such data and it is also shown a possibility of future application of the IFC model. This practical application of IFC classes demonstrates the great potential within the IFC specification, in what concerns the exchange of information between modeling programs and programs for calculation and structural analysis, in addition to being an agent for interoperability can also be seen as a BIM tool by this point of view, however, has been the target of criticism by various authors in regard to its applicability in the field of structures.
KEYWORDS: BIM, IFC, Interoperability, Information management, Structures.