The ancient middle east mesopotamian literature2

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The ancient middle east mesopotamian literature2

  1. 1. The Ancient Middle East
  2. 2. Mesopotamia <ul><li>Translation </li></ul>
  3. 3. Mesopotamia <ul><li>Fertile Crescent </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rivers </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Mesopotamia <ul><li>Present day location </li></ul>
  5. 5. Civilization Built on Mud <ul><li>Sumerians </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Engineers </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Sumerian Culture <ul><li>Agricultural society </li></ul><ul><li>Political boundaries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>City-States </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Largest Sumerian City-states </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Sumerian Society <ul><li>3 Level Class System </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nobles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Middle Class </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peasants </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Sumerian Society <ul><li>Advanced Culture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Architecture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Science and Math </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Sumerian Writing <ul><li>Cuneiform </li></ul><ul><li>Records discovered </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Financial transactions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Imaginative literature </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Waves of Invaders <ul><li>Akkadians </li></ul><ul><ul><li>King Sargon </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gudea </li></ul><ul><li>Babylonians 2000BC </li></ul>
  11. 11. Rise of Babylon <ul><li>Babylonians </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Valued Sumerian Culture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Adapted language and literature </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Used Sumerian as a literary language </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Rise of Babylon
  13. 13. <ul><li>Hammurabi </li></ul><ul><ul><li>6th ruler of Babylon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Code of Hammurabi </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Babylon </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1792 BC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Religious and cultural of Western Asia </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Great Library of Nineveh <ul><li>Hittites </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Assyrians </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nineveh </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>King Assurbanipal </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. The Rebirth and Final Fall of Babylon <ul><li>Chaldeans </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>King Nebechadnezzar </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hanging Gardens </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Hanging Gardens </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Hanging Gardens </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Tower of Babel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Babylon Falls </li></ul></ul><ul><li>539 BC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cyrus the Great of Persia </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Final Fall of Babylon <ul><li>Babylon Falls 539 BC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cyrus the Great of Persia </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Epic of Gilgamesh <ul><li>Written 4000 years ago </li></ul><ul><li>Discovered in 1839 by amateur archaeologist </li></ul>
  23. 23. Epic of Gilgamesh <ul><li>Story based upon some fact </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gilgamesh </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Epic of Gilgamesh <ul><li>Earliest written fragments date from 2000 BC </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>Epic: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Long narrative that recounts the deeds of a larger-than-life hero who embodies the values of a particular society. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gilgamesh: the character </li></ul>Epic of Gilgamesh
  26. 26. Versions of the Epic <ul><li>Based upon 12 clay tablets of cuneiform script </li></ul><ul><li>Discovered in modern day Iraq </li></ul><ul><li>Also found in Jerusalem </li></ul><ul><li>Also found in area from Mediterranean coast east to Persian Gulf </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reveals Mesopotamians’ pessimistic views of existence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reveals Mesopotamians’ sensitivity and humanity </li></ul></ul>

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