English Department        KS4        Unit 1: Non-Fiction                              Section A: Reading    Answer all que...
English Department         KS4         UnitDepartment         English         KS4                 1: Non-FictionSource 1 U...
English Department           KS4           English Department           Unit 1: Non-Fiction           KS4           Unit 1...
English Department           KS4            English Department           Unit 1: Non-Fiction            KS4           Unit...
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  1. 1. English Department KS4 Unit 1: Non-Fiction Section A: Reading Answer all questions in this section. You are advised to spend about one hour and fifteen minutes on this section.Read Source 1, the article Felix Baumgartner’s skydive pales in comparison with themoon landings.1 What do you learn from the article about Felix Baumgartner’s skydive? (8 marks)Now read Source 2, the article Faster than a Speeding Bullet: Austrian skydiver leaps intothe history books.2 Explain how the headline and picture are effective and how they link to the text. (8 marks)Now read Source 3, which is an extract from a non-fiction book.3 Explain some of the thoughts and feelings Usain Bolt has about his chosen career. (8 marks)Now you need to refer to Source 3, Being the World’s Fastest Man and either Source 1 orSource 2.4 You are going to compare two texts, one of which you have chosen. Compare the different ways in which language is used for effect in the two texts. Give some examples and analyse what the effects are. (16 marks) *** 1
  2. 2. English Department KS4 UnitDepartment English KS4 1: Non-FictionSource 1 Unit 1: Non-Fiction Felix Baumgartners skydive a barrel became the leap of choice for publicity- conscious stunt people (first over the top was a pales in comparison with the woman, in 1901). Yet amazing as such jumps were, did they add to human knowledge and capacity? No moon landings – the first powered flight by the Wright brothers, which was much less spectacular, just off the ground The Austrians jump used the images of space in fact, changed the world in a way stunts do not. exploration but this pseudo astronaut achieved The images of this leap look like exploration but actually are mere entertainment. only a daredevil publicity stunt by Jonathon Jones The visual similarity between Baumgartners record- breaking publicity stunt and the feats of engineering audacity that took human beings on to the surface of the moon and then, even in the cash-strapped 1970s, built a landable and reusable spacecraft is cruelly deceptive and fully intended by the sponsor. Baumgartners freefall is not the same as the public- funded, state-sponsored efforts of an entire scientific generation that not so long ago sent Neil Armstrong on to the silver dust of the lunar surface. Look closer and the visual image of this 21st century hero is not so 20th century, after all. His helmet has the words Red Bull on it, not a stars and stripes. Indeed, Red When I was four and five and six years old we Bull logos and inscriptions are all over his space suit. watched the moon landings on TV then waited nervously for the splashdown and the astronauts Seeing the earth from Baumgartners helmet is release from their seared capsule with its orange spectacular and sad: wondrous to see this orb as the flotation bags bobbing on a white and blue sea. In astronauts saw it, amazing that he is so high he can the same way millions of people watched Felix see the planet as a planet, but sad because he is Baumgartners astonishing fall through the empty sky plummeting back. All he has done is stretch gravitys on YouTube. In his protective suit the Austrian elastic a bit further. What happened to breaking it daredevil looked for all the world like some Apollo entirely? astronaut of the 1960s. But did this daring deed truly recreate the images of the space age, or only an The epic state spending that sent serious missions to empty pastiche of them? the moon is a thing of the past. As Baumgartner prepared for his stunt, the space shuttle, relic of an History always repeats itself, said Hegel. He forgot to age when in Apollos wake space exploration add, said Marx – the first time as tragedy, the second seemed destined to become ever better, was being as farce. Not that Baumgartners dive was farce. It ferried to its final resting place in a Los Angeles was heroic, if not foolhardy. In terms of sheer mad museum. Today, private money pays for record- bravery it was stupendous. But surely those breaking achievements that come nowhere near the seductive, glorious, beautiful images with their optimism of Nasas golden age. Is exploration still a evocation of the great moments of space exploration marvel when James Cameron can buy his way into are so appealing because they fill a void in our the record books? collective heart, a void of aspiration and the belief in progress that a daredevils leap, however gallant, The digital age is not an age for astronauts. Google cannot ever really match. the words "Moon landings" and one of the most popular search phrases offered is "moon landings In the end, Baumgartners achievement is just a faked". great stunt, with a commercial sponsor. It is in essence the same as tumbling over Niagara Falls in So in place of true exploration we idolise this a barrel. People have always done brave things, and pseudo-astronaut: the man who fell to earth, with in the early 20th century going over Niagara Falls in style. 2 Source 1
  3. 3. English Department KS4 English Department Unit 1: Non-Fiction KS4 Unit 1: Non-FictionSource 2 Faster than a speeding bullet: Austrian skydiver leaps into the history books Supersonic skydiver Felix Baumgartner took falling head-over-heels. Speaking to the skies on Sunday afternoon in a afterwards at a press conference, Mr historic bid that saw him become the first Baumgartner said: “In that situation, when human being to travel faster than the speed you spin around, its like hell and you dont of sound in freefall. know if you can get out of that spin or not.” To the relief of everyone watching, including his mother, Ava, Mr Baumgartner was able to use his considerable skydiving experience and regain control before releasing his parachute. Mr Baumgartner wore a specially designed survival suit, similar to those worn by astronauts, to keep his body intact against the varying atmospheric pressures, with three cameras attached to record his descent. The risks in making such a jump included the possibility of his blood boiling and his organs exploding. More than 8 million people watched the 43- year-old Austrian – known as Fearless Felix Although the jump was thought by many to – jump from a balloon 24 miles above the be a daredevil stunt, Mr Baumgartner’s New Mexico desert and freefall from the team were keen to stress its high scientific edge of space. relevance. Its success will help to inform the development of new ideas for emergency After a two hour journey up, it took Mr evacuation from airborne vehicles, such as Baumgartner just under ten minutes to land spacecraft, passing through the back on Earth, reaching speeds of up to stratosphere. 725mph, breaking the sound barrier at Mach 1.24 and smashing three world records in Baumgartner’s mentor, Joe Kittinger, now in the process. The records he achieved were: his eighties, was the previous world record The fastest freefall after reaching a top holder of the highest freefall jump. He speed of 834mph (1,342km/h); becoming provided the younger man with advice and the first human being to break the sound encouragement during the seven-year build- barrier in freefall; in reaching 128,100ft up to his daring adventure. Mr Kittinger’s above Earth, he exceeded the altitude for was the only voice Baumgartner heard in the highest ever manned balloon flight – the the control room. previous record was held by Victor Prather and Malcolm Ross, who made it to “Felix did a great job and it was a great 113,720ft in 1961. When he landed in honour to work with this brave guy,” Mr Roswell – famed for its UFO sightings – Mr Kittinger said. Mr Baumgartner said in the Baumgartner dropped to his knees and end all his thoughts were about getting back raised his arms in victory. alive: “When I was standing there on top of the world, you become so humble, you dont There were tense moments in the control think about breaking records. Sometimes room early in the dive as Mr Baumgartner you have to go up really high to see how began to spin laterally out of control, free- small you are.” Source 2 3
  4. 4. English Department KS4 English Department Unit 1: Non-Fiction KS4 Unit 1: Non-FictionSource 3 From the autobiography of Usain Bolt, the first man to hold both the 100 metres and 200 metres world records. USAIN BOLT – THE FASTEST MAN in the world. Never, ever do I get tired of hearing that. If you lined up a hundred people and asked them who the best basketball player in the world is, the best footballer, or the best cricketer, it is unlikely they would provide the same answer. But ask any of them, ‘Who is the best sprinter in the world?’ and there is only one answer – Usain Bolt. Why? Because that is what it says on the clock. There can be no dispute or argument. The record book say that over 100 metres flat race, the true measure of human speed, I’m the fastest person that ever lived, completing the distance, as I did at the World Championships in Berlin, in 9.58 seconds. It is said that the population of the earth is 6.8 billion and that approximately 107 billion have lived on this planet since man came into being. It doesn’t get any cooler than knowing you are the fastest of them all. I chose to be a sprinter, not only because I was the fastest kid in school, but also because I knew that politics couldn’t interfere. In team sports it can be down to opinion whether you are the best. One coach might think you’re good enough for his team, another might not, or the side could be picked on friendship or family ties. But in athletics you are either the fastest or you aren’t – opinion doesn’t come into it. We had a grass track at the front of Waldensia Primary School, which is still there, exactly as it was, with a two-foot dip at the end of the straight, and when I first raced on it a guy called Ricardo Geddes would beat me. One day the sports coach, Devere Nugent, bet me a lunch that I could beat Ricardo. I like my food, so it was a big incentive. I won, enjoyed a nice meal, and never lost to Ricardo again. Winning that race was my first experience of the thrill of beating your closest rival, and from that day my motto has always been ‘Once I’ve beaten you, you won’t beat me again.’ Usain Bolt: Being the World’s Fastest Man Source 3 4