Types of essay –discursive and persuasive Discursive - systematically presents arguments in favour of both sides through specific examples, reasons, and justifications. After finishing this type of discursive essay, the informed reader should be able to reach a concrete conclusion given available information. Persuasive - to persuade readers and often deals with a contentious topic or one over which there are conflicting opinions. Current affairs issues are a rich source of persuasive essay topics - whether the monarchy is an outdated institution and same-sex marriage etc.
Essays are importantbecause… It deepens your learning of the subject you are studying You learn to use ideas to argue a case It enables you to enter into a dialogue with your tutors You can extend and refine your thinking and your writing skills
PLAN YOUR ESSAY Introduction – what the topic is and what it involves. Signpost what you will be looking at in the essay. 3 paragraphs which deal with points in favour of the issue. 3 paragraphs which deal with points against the issue. A conclusion in which you reflect upon the issue and detail your own point of view.
STYLE The style should be formal No contractions such as didn‟t, couldn‟t, wouldn‟t, shouldn‟ t No slang No use of “I” Use quite long, complex sentences
STYLE - LINKING Introducing a contrast Making connections However Furthermore On the other hand Additionally Alternatively In addition to Despite this As well as Having said that Moreover Although Therefore Nevertheless Likewise but also
Top essay mistakes! The student fails to address what is being asked of them – for example, they are asked to „discuss‟ an issue but they present a one-sided-argument The essay is poorly structured, perhaps missing an introduction or failing to reach a conclusion based on the evidence presented The arguments are weak, not supported by evidence/reason or authority, or are non existent The materials used are not properly referenced or no supporting material is cited The student has included too much background or description and not enough critical analysis
REFERENCING You must reference any quoted material and include a bibliography at the end of your essay. Use the Harvard System …but more about that in the next slideshow I have put some information on the blog for you under the useful website section