The present tense of stem-changing
verbs: e  ie, e  i, o  ue
(El tiempo presente de los verbos de cambio
radical)
There is a fairly large group of verbs in Spanish that undergo
changes in their stem when conjugated in the present tense....
entender
entiendo
entiendes
entiende
entiende
entendemos
entendéis
entienden
entienden
Type 1: e  ie
We’ll use entender, ...
Here are some other common e  ie verbs:
empezar, comenzar to begin
pensar (+ infinitive) to think; to plan (to
do somethi...
tengo
tienes
tiene
tiene
tenemos
tenéis
tienen
tienen
tener, venir
The verbs tener and venir are what might be called part...
servir
sirvo
sirves
sirve
sirve
servimos
servís
sirven
sirven
Type 2: e  i
We’ll use servir, to serve, as an example of t...
Here are some other common e  i verbs:
repetir to repeat, to have a
second helping
pedir to ask for, to request
medir to ...
almorzar
almuerzo
almuerzas
almuerza
almuerza
almorzamos
almorzáis
almuerzan
almuerzan
Type 3: o  ue
We’ll use almorzar, ...
jugar
juego
juegas
juega
juega
jugamos
jugáis
juegan
juegan
The verb jugar, to play (games or sports), follows the
same pa...
Here are some other common o  ue verbs:
volver to return, to
come back
costar* to cost
dormir to sleep
encontrar to find
...
The verbs querer and preferir
Expressing desires and
preferences
Querer and preferir are important stem-
changing verbs th...
quiero
quieres
quiere
quiere
queremos
queréis
quieren
quieren
querer
When used with a thing as the direct object,
querer m...
¿Quiere un
sándwich
de pollo?
Sí, y quiero
papas fritas
también, por
favor.
quiero
quieres
quiere
quiere
queremos
queréis
quieren
quieren
querer
When used with a person as the direct object,
querer ...
Quiero mucho
a su hija, señor
Vega.
prefiero
prefieres
prefiere
prefiere
preferimos
preferís
prefieren
prefieren
preferir
Preferir, of course, means to prefer.
¿Quiere un
sándwich
de pollo?
No señor,
prefiero una
hamburguesa.
Both querer and preferir can be used
with an infinitive directly after them
Rafael quiere esquiar, pero su novia
prefiere ...
pienso
piensas
piensa
pensamos
pensáis
piensan
Thinking and planning
The verb pensar is another very useful stem-
changing...
Thinking and planning
Pensar basically means “to think.”
Me gusta ir al parque para
pensar y descansar.
I like to go to th...
Thinking and planning
¿En qué piensas?
Pensar en means “to think about.”
Gabriela siempre piensa en sus estudios.
Pensamos...
Thinking and planning
Pensar de means “to think of” (to
have an opinion about.)
¿Qué piensas de las novelas de Márquez?
Wh...
pensar + infinitive =
to plan to do something
Thinking and planning
Pensar also has a special use . . .
Pensamos escuchar
...
Thinking and planning
¿Qué piensas hacer después de clase?
Después de clase, yo pienso . . .
¿Qué piensas hacer este fin d...
FIN
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Present Tense of Stem Changing Verbs

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Present Tense of Stem Changing Verbs

  1. 1. The present tense of stem-changing verbs: e  ie, e  i, o  ue (El tiempo presente de los verbos de cambio radical)
  2. 2. There is a fairly large group of verbs in Spanish that undergo changes in their stem when conjugated in the present tense. These changes occur only in the first and second persons singular and third persons singular and plural. When a line is drawn around the forms that change, the resulting shape vaguely resembles a boot or high-top shoe; thus, these verbs are sometimes informally called “boot” or “shoe” verbs. There are three types or classes of “boot” verbs.
  3. 3. entender entiendo entiendes entiende entiende entendemos entendéis entienden entienden Type 1: e  ie We’ll use entender, to understand, as an example of this type. The stem undergoes the change only when stressed.
  4. 4. Here are some other common e  ie verbs: empezar, comenzar to begin pensar (+ infinitive) to think; to plan (to do something) perder to lose querer to want, to love preferir to prefer
  5. 5. tengo tienes tiene tiene tenemos tenéis tienen tienen tener, venir The verbs tener and venir are what might be called partial stem-changing verbs; the yo forms do not have the stem change, but they do have an irregularity. vengo vienes viene viene venimos venís vienen vienen Tengo exámenes mañana. I have exams tomorrow. Vengo de la biblioteca. I’m coming from the library.
  6. 6. servir sirvo sirves sirve sirve servimos servís sirven sirven Type 2: e  i We’ll use servir, to serve, as an example of this type. Note: All e  i verbs are -ir verbs.
  7. 7. Here are some other common e  i verbs: repetir to repeat, to have a second helping pedir to ask for, to request medir to measure, to be a certain height teñir to dye, to color
  8. 8. almorzar almuerzo almuerzas almuerza almuerza almorzamos almorzáis almuerzan almuerzan Type 3: o  ue We’ll use almorzar, to have lunch, as an example of this type.
  9. 9. jugar juego juegas juega juega jugamos jugáis juegan juegan The verb jugar, to play (games or sports), follows the same pattern as o  ue verbs, but the change is u  ue.
  10. 10. Here are some other common o  ue verbs: volver to return, to come back costar* to cost dormir to sleep encontrar to find poder to be able; can recordar to remember soñar (con) to dream (about) *Costar is normally used only in the third persons.
  11. 11. The verbs querer and preferir Expressing desires and preferences Querer and preferir are important stem- changing verbs that have multiple uses.
  12. 12. quiero quieres quiere quiere queremos queréis quieren quieren querer When used with a thing as the direct object, querer means to want.
  13. 13. ¿Quiere un sándwich de pollo? Sí, y quiero papas fritas también, por favor.
  14. 14. quiero quieres quiere quiere queremos queréis quieren quieren querer When used with a person as the direct object, querer means to love.
  15. 15. Quiero mucho a su hija, señor Vega.
  16. 16. prefiero prefieres prefiere prefiere preferimos preferís prefieren prefieren preferir Preferir, of course, means to prefer.
  17. 17. ¿Quiere un sándwich de pollo? No señor, prefiero una hamburguesa.
  18. 18. Both querer and preferir can be used with an infinitive directly after them Rafael quiere esquiar, pero su novia prefiere patinar. Rafael wants to ski, but his girlfriend prefers to skate. quiero quieres quiere queremos queréis quieren We start with an appropriate person and number of querer or preferir . . . and then add any infinitive. estudiar escribir viajar bailar leer comer aprender dormir estudiar
  19. 19. pienso piensas piensa pensamos pensáis piensan Thinking and planning The verb pensar is another very useful stem- changing verb.
  20. 20. Thinking and planning Pensar basically means “to think.” Me gusta ir al parque para pensar y descansar. I like to go to the park to think and rest.
  21. 21. Thinking and planning ¿En qué piensas? Pensar en means “to think about.” Gabriela siempre piensa en sus estudios. Pensamos en el bienestar de la familia. Gabriela is always thinking about her studies. We’re thinking about the wellbeing of the family. What are you thinking about?
  22. 22. Thinking and planning Pensar de means “to think of” (to have an opinion about.) ¿Qué piensas de las novelas de Márquez? What do you think of Márquez’s novels? Pensar que means “to think that” (in answer to the above question, for example.) Yo pienso que sus novelas son maravillosas. I think that his novels are wonderful.
  23. 23. pensar + infinitive = to plan to do something Thinking and planning Pensar also has a special use . . . Pensamos escuchar música en el parque esta tarde. We’re planning to listen to music in the park this afternoon.
  24. 24. Thinking and planning ¿Qué piensas hacer después de clase? Después de clase, yo pienso . . . ¿Qué piensas hacer este fin de semana? Este fin de semana, pienso . . . ¿Qué piensan hacer Uds. (tú y tu familia) en las vacaciones de verano? En las vacaciones de verano, pensamos . . .
  25. 25. FIN

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