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Skeletal.ppt

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Skeletal.ppt

  1. 1. SKELETAL SYSTEM
  2. 2. TYPES OF BONES <ul><li>FLAT - shoulder </li></ul><ul><li>IRREGULAR - ear </li></ul><ul><li>SHORT - wrist </li></ul><ul><li>LONG - arms </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Long> </li></ul><ul><li>Short> </li></ul><ul><li><Flat </li></ul><ul><li><Irreg. </li></ul>
  4. 4. MAKEUP of BONE <ul><li>SPONGYBONE - lightweight with holes for vessels. </li></ul><ul><li>PERIOSTEUM - thin protection, saran wrap. </li></ul><ul><li>COMPACT BONE - hard outer surface. </li></ul><ul><li>MARROW - soft middle, red:makes blood cells. </li></ul>
  5. 5. MAKE-UP OF BONE <ul><li>COMPACT BONE </li></ul><ul><li>SPONGY BONE </li></ul><ul><li>MARROW </li></ul><ul><li>PERIOSTEUM </li></ul>
  6. 7. Two parts make One
  7. 8. AXIAL <ul><li>Skull </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ribs </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. APPENDICULAR <ul><li>PELVIS </li></ul><ul><li>SHOULDER </li></ul><ul><li>APPENDAGES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ARMS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LEGS </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. CARTILAGE <ul><li>Flexible connective tissue </li></ul><ul><li>Cushions between bones </li></ul><ul><li>Shock absorber </li></ul>
  10. 11. LIGAMENT <ul><li>ELASTIC CONNECTIVE TISSUE </li></ul><ul><li>CONNECTS BONE TO BONE </li></ul>
  11. 14. FUNCTIONS <ul><li>STRUCTURE / FRAMEWORK </li></ul><ul><li>PROTECTION </li></ul><ul><li>MAKE BLOOD CELLS </li></ul><ul><li>ATTACHMENT OF MUSCLE </li></ul><ul><li>STORAGE OF MINERALS </li></ul>
  12. 17. JOINTS <ul><li>Area where two or more bones come together. </li></ul><ul><li>Connected by LIGAMENTS </li></ul>
  13. 18. DIFFERENT TYPES & DIFFERENT MOVEMENTS
  14. 21. HINGE JOINT <ul><li>KNEE & ELBOW //ie: DOOR </li></ul><ul><li>One Direction: Forward & Back </li></ul>
  15. 23. BALL & SOCKET JOINT <ul><li>SHOULDER & HIP // ie: joystick </li></ul><ul><li>Rotating, greatest range of motion </li></ul>
  16. 25. PIVOT JOINT <ul><li>TOP TWO VERTEBRAE </li></ul>
  17. 26. SADDLE <ul><li>T </li></ul><ul><li>H </li></ul><ul><li>U </li></ul><ul><li>M </li></ul><ul><li>B </li></ul>
  18. 27. GLIDING JOINT <ul><li>VERTEBRAE </li></ul><ul><li>HAND </li></ul><ul><li>ROTATE OVER </li></ul>
  19. 28. <ul><li>G </li></ul><ul><li>L </li></ul><ul><li>I </li></ul><ul><li>D </li></ul><ul><li>I </li></ul><ul><li>N </li></ul><ul><li>G </li></ul>
  20. 30. SLIGHTLY MOVEABLE
  21. 31. IMMOVABLE
  22. 33. COMPARED TO MACHINE

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