Verbs introduction


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Verbs introduction

  1. 1. Verbs/verbos<br />
  2. 2. Types<br />There are three types of verbs in Spanish.<br />They are<br />AR<br />Ex. Cocinar (to cook)<br />ER<br />Ex. Comer (to eat)<br />IR<br />Ex. Escribir (to write)<br />This means that all verbs end in one of the above sets of letters. <br />
  3. 3. Subjects<br />There are five main subjects:<br />I/yo<br />you/tú<br />he, she, you (formal), it/él, ella, Usted<br />we/nosotros<br />they, youguys (youall)/ellos, Ustedes<br />Note: Spanishalso has the Vosotros form, butthatisonlyused in Spain and willnotbediscussed in thisclass.<br />
  4. 4. Tenses<br />Just like in English, Spanish has many different tenses of verbs.<br />For example<br />Present tense<br />Preterit tense<br />Imperfect tense<br />Right now we will be focusing on the present tense<br />
  5. 5. Conjugation<br />In order to use these verbs we must conjugate them by using certain endings . These endings vary depending on the type of verb (AR, ER, or IR).<br />Right now we will be focusing on regular verbs, however, it is important to know that not all verbs are regular, as we will see later on.<br />
  6. 6. Present tense – AR verbs<br />For verbs ending with –ar…<br />Take off the “ar”<br />Add one of the new endings. Which ending you use depends on what subject you are using.<br />
  7. 7. Present tense – AR verbs<br />Here are the regular endings for “-ar” verbs in the present tense:<br />yo: -o<br />tú: -as<br />él: -a<br />nosotros: -amos<br />ellos: -an<br />
  8. 8. Present tense – AR verbs<br />Example: cocinar<br />Yococino<br />Tú cocinas<br />Él cocina<br />Nosotros cocinamos<br />Ellos cocinan<br />
  9. 9. Presenttense – ER verbs<br />Both ER and IR verbs take off their endings too.<br />ER verbs have somewhat different ends than AR verbs however.<br />yo: -o<br />tú: -es<br />él: -e<br />nosotros: -emos<br />ellos: -en<br />
  10. 10. Present tense – ER verbs<br />Example: comer<br />Yocomo<br />Tú comes<br />Él come<br />Nosotros comemos<br />Ellos comen<br />
  11. 11. Present Tense – IR verbs<br />IR verbs also have some different endings than AR verbs. <br />In fact, IR verbs have almost exactly the same endings as the ER verbs, with only one difference (the “nosotros” form)<br />
  12. 12. Present tense – IR verbs<br />yo: -o<br />tú: -es<br />él: -e<br />nosotros: -imos<br />ellos: -en<br />
  13. 13. Present tense – IR verbs<br />Example: escribir<br />Yoescribo<br />Tú escribes<br />Él escribe<br />Nosotros escribimos<br />Ellos escriben<br />
  14. 14. Verbs!<br />Now that you know how to conjugate verbs in the present tense you can start saying sentences!<br /><ul><li>Como la fresa
  15. 15. I eat the strawberry
  16. 16. Ella cocina el pan
  17. 17. She cooks the bread
  18. 18. Escribimos la carta
  19. 19. We write the letter</li></li></ul><li>Side note: Usted<br />Usted is the formal “you”. You use the usted form when talking to people you do not know, people who are older than you, or people who deserve respect (have high standing jobs, for example, your professor).<br />You do not always have to use the usted form for older people however, if you are familiar and close with a person, you may use the tú form<br />