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Lesson10 preterit


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Lesson10 preterit

  1. 1. Preterite/ El pretérito<br />A.k.a Past tense<br />
  2. 2. Past tense<br />There are two different kinds of past tense verbs: <br />Preterite<br />Imperfect<br />Preterite tense is used when the action has been completed. There was a beginning and an end.<br />
  3. 3. Regular Conjugation<br />AR<br />ER/IR<br />Note: I am now including the vosotros form. It takes the place of the usually empty box.<br />
  4. 4. Examples<br />
  5. 5. StemChangingVerbs/SandalVerbs<br />Theseverbsonlychange in theél,ella, usted and the ellos, ellas, ustedes forms. They are always IR verbs (exceptfor “leer”).<br />Otherstemchangingverbs:<br />Servir (to serve)<br />Mentir (to lie)<br />
  6. 6. “y” Verbs<br />Also part of the Sandal Verbs because only the “él” and “ellos” forms change.<br />Other“y” verbs<br /><ul><li>Construir (to build)
  7. 7. Creer (to believe)
  8. 8. Caer (to fall)</li></li></ul><li>-car, -gar, -zar Verbs<br />Verbs ending in –car, -gar, or –zar have an irregular “yo” form in the preterit tense.<br />
  9. 9. -car, -gar, -zar Verbs<br />
  10. 10. -car, -gar, -zar Verbs<br />Other –car, -gar, -zar verbs:<br />Jugar (to play)<br />Pagar (to pay)<br />Tocar (to touch, to play)<br />Buscar (to look for)<br />Sacar (to take)<br />Emepezar (to begin)<br />Cazar (to hunt)<br />Comenzar (to begin)<br />
  11. 11. Preterite Notes<br />The vosotros formisjustthe tú formwithan “ies” added at theend. <br />Wordsassociatedwiththepreterite tense<br />Ayer (yesterday)<br />El año pasado (thepastyear, lastyear)<br />La semana pasada (thepastweek, lastweek)<br />Anoche (lastnight)<br />