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  1. 1. An Online Student Portfolio for theDocumentation and Assessment ofEngineering Graduate Attributes 1
  2. 2. 2
  3. 3. The STALGS project teamDr Stuart Palmer – School ofEngineering and ITDr Dale Holt – Institute ofTeaching and LearningDr Wayne Hall – School ofEngineering, University ofPlymouthDr Clive Ferguson – School ofEngineering and IT 3
  4. 4. IntroductionInternationally, engineering educationaccrediting bodies have moved towardoutcomes-based assessment of graduatecompetencyThis is typically realised in the form of a list ofgraduate attributes that students shouldexhibit by the completion of their studies 4
  5. 5. Graduate attributesArising from the push in higher education forquality assurance, accountability for outcomesand capability of graduates, specifying a list ofqualities or capabilities that graduates will attainprovides a benchmark against which theperformance of a higher education institutioncan be measured 5
  6. 6. Graduate attributes – Deakin UniKnowledge and understanding understanding of, and the ability to work with, a systematic body of knowledge, appropriate to the focus andlevel of the qualification based on the highest standards of scholarship and researchand where research is undertaken: ability to initiate and formulate viable and relevant research questions contribution to new knowledge, or an original interpretation and application of existing knowledge understanding of the social, economic and cultural impact and application of their research, and its academic relevance and value understanding of the professional, social, economic and cultural contexts of the discipline and related fields awareness of ethical issues, social responsibility and cultural diversity understanding and appreciation of international perspectives in a global environment.Skills critical analysis, problem solving, and creative thinking Identifying, gathering, evaluating and using information communicating effectively and appropriately in a range of contexts developing, planning and managing independent work working effectively as part of a team effectively using information and communication technologies applying knowledge learned in the program to new situations. 6
  7. 7. Graduate attributes - Eng Aust 7
  8. 8. Eng Aust - Competency standard 8
  9. 9. Graduate attributes – a caveatIt is important to make the distinction betweenprocesses which ensure that a program willcontain opportunities for student to learn andpractice desired attributes, and processeswhich seek to certify actual studentattainment of graduate attributes 9
  10. 10. 2005 AUQA audit of Deakin“…Deakin has developed a policy to ensure thatundergraduate courses…develop an appropriatelevel of expert knowledge of a field of study andattributes…The Deakin Advantage is a goodconcept and it was clear to the Panel thatacademic staff are taking seriously the needto embed graduate attributes in their courses.” (Australian Universities Quality Agency, 2005, p. 18) 10
  11. 11. 2005 AUQA audit of Deakin“…that Deakin University communicate tostudents more effectively the nature and aims ofthe Deakin Advantage [the then current name ofthe suite of Deakin’s graduate attributes] andassist them to document the discipline-specificand generic skills they are developingthroughout their course.” (Australian Universities Quality Agency, 2005, p. 19) 11
  12. 12. Engineering online portfolio trial aims1. Translate both Deakin’s and Engineers Australia’s graduate attributes into discipline-contextualised attributes for engineering2. Develop an on-line student portfolio system based on WebCT Vista3. Using a sub-set of these graduate attributes, embed the use of the on-line student portfolio into the assessment of that unit4. Conduct a trial and evaluation of the portfolio 12
  13. 13. Graduate attributes selected1. Proficiency in engineering design2. Ability to communicate effectively, with the engineering team and with the community at large3. Manage own time and processes effectively, prioritising competing demands to achieve personal and team goals and objectives4. Fluency in current computer-based word-processing and graphics packages5. Capacity for creativity and innovation 13
  14. 14. The assessable task1. Evidence – Tangible evidence, in an electronic form that demonstrates attainment of the specified attribute2. Reflection – (at least) 200 words that demonstrates understanding of the importance and relevance of the attribute 14
  15. 15. Portfolio – engineering designThe design shown above was a design I drew up in CAD2 for university. This project was a pedal box for the Deakin Formulae SAE car,the project was a group one, but I lead the team and also drew up the cad model. The model was to start out to be a very simple and easyto manufacture pedal box, but once all the design specifications started to be checked off the list, the system become somewhat morecomplex.The car itself was tiny, there was not much room to mount anything, the pedals could be mounted from the top or the bottom, but pedalsmounted from the bottom would not leave enough room for legs etc. Using this constraint, a base was designed that would fit into the carsnose that could be bolted on, then the pedals started to be designed. The biggest problem was designing the leverage required in thedesign brief for the accelerator, this system needed extra linkages to accomplish this ratio. There were kill switches added into the designon the brake pedal, and adjustable mount was made so the pedal could be moved for shorter drivers, however the design was a little tooheavy, so the base was modified to dramatically reduce weight.I found the whole CAD2 unit to be fantastic, not only did I really enjoy the subject, it improved my problem solving and designknowledge. This project made students start from scratch with a design problem, very similar to what would be given in an engineeringfirm, then we were required to return with a design, an oral presentation to describe our progress and a full report showing the workcarried out, the research, costing, bill of materials etc. These are vital elements required by engineers and will be important to me in mycareer, this knowledge will be dearly useful for my future as an engineer, as lateral thinking is required to solve problems in a simple buteffective way. 15
  16. 16. Portfolio – engineering design *********************************************************************My example of proficiency in engineering design is the "pontoon" code I have written *pontoon.asm *15/8/05for the Motorola 68HC11 microprocessor. To develop this program required ********************************************************************* CODE EQU $0100considerable knowledge of the workings of this chip and the machine language required EOT EQU $04to achieve these results. It required writing the code in a basic language, debugging it, VAR EQU $0000 STACK EQU $47converting the language into machine code and finally downloading the machine code INCHAR EQU $FFCD OUTA EQU $FFB8onto the microcontroller so it could run the code and provide the desired result. These OUTSTRGEQU $FFC7results came from studying a number of texts and the coursework presented in SEE 215. OUT1BYT EQU $FFBB STRINGS EQU $B600 *********************************************************************Engineering Design Proficiency - the problem presented is solved comprehensively ORG VARand efficiently in a maintainable format with minimal resources. CARD1 RMB 4 RESULT RMB 1 CRESULT RMB 1To write good proficient code a programmer is required to fulfil several steps OPT l(methodology). The first step is to develop requirements that will ensure the objective is ORG CODE BEGIN THE GAMEreached, then to construct a flowchart around these requirements, ensuring logical flow LDY #$0 INITIALISE Y REGISTER FOR COUNTER LDS #STACK INITIALISE STACKand preventing repetition, and finally for the program code to be written. LDX #PLAYMSG ASK PERSON IF THEY WANT TO PLAY JSR OUTSTRG PLAYON JSR INCHAR DETERMINE THEIR ANSWERProficiency in writing this code is paramount because the chip has minimal resources CMPA #Q PLAYER WILL NOT PLAY ON BEQ SHUTDOWNespecially in reference to memory. Therefore in order to meet the projects objectives the CMPA #C PLAYER WILL PLAY ONcode needed to be concise. This required a comprehensive knowledge of the coding BNE WRONG1 INVALID CHARACTER ENTERED BEQ ANOTHA GO TO GAME SUBROUTINElanguage to help reveal the simplest and smallest solution. TCARD STAA CARD1,Y STORE PLAYERS FIRST CARD INYUnfortunately I was not able to find the flowchart I constructed for this particular JMP ANOTHA GET ANOTHER CARDprogram to demonstrate the way it was developed to ensure proficiency. However it is STAA CARD1,Y STORE PLAYERS 2ND CARD INYevident from its structured layout Its comprehensive comments (ensuring the program JMP COMPUTER GET THE COMPUTERS CARDS CALC JMP SUM SUM PLAYERS CARDS TOGETHERcode can be followed easily and updated if needed), and its compact format also show END JMP $E000 END PROGRAMthat this program was built with optimisation and accessibility in mind. Having fulfilledthis criterion, it can be seen that proficiency in engineering design has been achieved. ****************************************************************************************** SHUTDOWN LDX #CLOSE DISPLAY CLOSING MESSAGE JSR OUTSTRG JMP $E000 RETURN TO BUFFALO MONITOR ****************************************************************************************** WRONG1 LDX #STRING2 INFORM USER OF INCORRECT INPUT 16
  17. 17. Portfolio – communicate effectivelyDuring the summer break 2005/2006 I participated in a vacation employment program with Qenos, websitehttp://www.qenos.com/. Qenos is Australia‟s largest manufacturer of polyethylene and petrochemicals.During my three months there I was involved in two projects: Opportunity• Project planning for the removal of a polyethylene extruder and installation of a new larger extruder. Greece – Cancelled• Design of an adaptor sleeve for an agitator that fits to a mixing vessel Extruder held in storage petrochemical project mid since cancelled project 1980’sThis document will discuss my role in the project and how I effectively communicated with other teammembers and management. The project involved the removal of a 15 inch polyethylene extruder and theinstallation of a new 18 inch extruder. My role was to plan how the project would be executed and producea Gantt chart that shows all the tasks and in what order they will be done in. My previous experience as afitter and tuner gave me a good understanding of the durations needed to perform some of the tasks. My roleinvolved a lot of communication with civil and mechanical contractors who were to perform the installationas well as the other Qenos engineering team members involved with the project. Meetings were held atregular intervals to keep every team member up to date of the project status and at these team meetings Iwould take notes and arrange to catch up with other team members such as Electrical & Instrumentation toget there task duration estimates which were out of my area of expertise. I would also detail progress of the Purchased at reduced price fromproject plan at these meetings. Towards the end of my vacation employment and the week previous to the Texas & shipped to Melbourneinstallation of the new extruder I did a presentation of the project and what my role was to Qenosmanagement and engineering staff. The presentation was for approximately 15 minutes and was conductedusing a Power Point Presentation. Following the presentation questions were taken and answered or referredto someone else. It was important for me to make the presentation as visual as possible so that the audiencecould understand the project better as a lot of people in the audience were not involved in the project. Tomake it as visual as possible photos were used. The presentation was conducted successfully and I receiveda lot of good feedback afterwards and was also offered a graduate position with the company. Attached isthe Power Point Presentation that I put together. Also attached is my poster presentation for my final yearproject. I have also attached a Word document that I had to write for the HR department who wanted toknow what we were doing during our vacation employment so they could publish it in the companynewsletter. 17
  18. 18. Portfolio – communicate effectivelyNahavandi and Ferguson (2000) define communication as the flow of energy between people resulting in a mutual understanding. In this report I‟ll be reflecting on my pastexperiences with oral and written presentations.My spoken English communication skills and experiences began when I attended a coarse run by Toastmasters International. Toastmasters is movement that, through itsmember clubs, is dedicated to helping people improve their communication skills so they become better speakers and leaders (Toastmasters International 2006).Through my undergraduate course at Deakin University, I‟ve been involved in numerous oral and written presentations. For example in SEE325 – Robotics and Applications Isubmitted a paper called “Electrical Safety Considerations when Designing Robot Systems”. In addition, I performed an oral presentation on the key elements of the paper.The presentation, with electronic visual aids, was filmed and submitted to Deakin University. For SEJ343 – Design and Project Methodology, I participated in a project todesign and develop a personal computer „Monitor Lifting Stand‟ with a group of six engineering students from different streams. The project included an oral presentation ofthe design, with each member presenting his/her contribution to fellow students and lecturers. Each member developed their own visual aid slides for their segment and thencollated them towards the final draft.At work I have been involved in presenting various product training courses to fellow employees and engineering clients. In particular, I run a course for industrial electricalmaintenance staff on faultfinding proprietary motion controllers. Visual aids such as electronic slides and demonstration units assist trainees understand the course content.Toastmasters has taught me the basics of public speaking and thinking clearly in awkward situations. The paper taught me the fundamentals of writing, especially thestructure and referencing. My experience with oral presentations has shown me to strive towards presenting clearly with minimum use of hand notes and adhering to thetime constraints. The group work enhanced the notion of communicating effectively with other engineers to achieve a common objective. Presenting training courses inthe workplace has driven my skills into the professional realm. Even though daunting at first, the thrill of the listener grasping your topic or idea is very rewarding. 18
  19. 19. Portfolio – personal managementTime management is planning the usage of our time with activities. This is to ensure that activities that require less attention do not supersede important ones. This in turnbrings peace of mind at the end of the day. The time management is important for engineers as it plans their workload at the start to the end of their work and pursued to otherduties. Last minutes work and not following the schedule planned are never good strategies as it could lead to a persons goals not being achieved on time or not at all.The time management contributes a lot of importance to our work, and our daily life as well. The time management can abolish the expenditure of excess time by assigningappropriate time to mission and this will ensure project are will not deserted at the end. The time management will also make a person independent as he is in control his ownlife and activities. For every activity listed, an approximation of how much time needed is compared to its value.The time management helps me to develop a time table since theday I enrolled to Deakin University. The time that I haveallocated for the assignments and my oral presentations hasfacilitated the on time submission without any delay. I have alsoallocated some time to concentrate on my final year project. Asthe supervisor has instructed earlier, a Gantt chart wasconstructed with a list of all my activities proposed to completethe project. As of now, through following the Gantt chart, I havealready completed a portion of my final year project accordingto schedule.This proves that time management is very extremely crucial inorder to complete my project on time without any hassle. 19
  20. 20. Portfolio – personal managementEffective university study and managing a professional career demand good time management, especially to maximise results and strike a balance with family/social life. Ihave learnt that developing a clear plan that identifies tasks to be completed with associated completion times and then recording and measuring against this initial plan is aneffective time management aid.For example, for my university studies I combine each unit‟s assignment work activity and due dates along with the normal week to week study on to one Excel spread sheet(added as evidence). I then regularly update the sheet, which calculates approximately how far behind or in front I am at that point. A quick glance at the sheet also shows whatareas I should place a higher priority on in the shorter term – or indeed when I need to allocate additional study time to get through a busier period.Using my simple time management tool does require a little additional work to set up and maintain; however, its return is well worth the over head in terms of being betterorganised and less stressed. Progressing large projects at work certainly requires a higher level of management. Typically this management includes task identification,estimation of work required for each task, and since major milestones are often set, working back from these events by identifying activity predecessors is often useful. I useMicrosoft Project to help schedule project activities, I have submitted an example schedule from last year as an example.As a Tactical Coordinator on the AP-3C Orion long range maritimepatrol aircraft, I am very familiar with defining team goals andmanaging a crew of twelve to fourteen people to achieve them. Mypre-flight briefing always outlines what objectives are set for thecrew both as a whole and for each crew position. During flight Inormally provide updates to the whole crew every 15 minutes or soto ensure the whole team understands the current situation andpriorities. In this way the whole team feels they understand the taskenough to contribute their ideas, often increasing the effectivenessof the team as a whole.I have learnt through my engineering studies and professional workthat time management is essential in achieving and maintaininghigh productivity. I have also found that setting team goals andcontinually updating them allows the team to be much moreeffective as a whole. 20
  21. 21. Portfolio – computer competenceSince I have joined the Deakin University study program, I have gained so much knowledge. This consists in the theoretical andpractical. To me, both of it is equally important as they are the required skill which essential in the next chapter of my working lifenext time.On the account of this, the computing skill has to be exceptionally good in order to survive in this competitive world. Computingdoes not only consist of software alone. It includes some hardware as well. It means that the hardware have to be able to interfacewith the data signaling which has been provided by the data base at the computer.It is important that the program have to be able to cope with the simulation which required in order testing the functionality of anyproject before hardware is build. The computing skill has to be understood in depth as the project progress. Schematic Diagram andthe Circuit Layout shown above prove that the ability of understanding of the computing skill is crucial in order to build a project.Besides that, computing skill includes the implementation of the paper work and preparing the presentation slides as well. TheProgress Report (Microsoft Words) and the Gantt Chart (Microsoft Project) can be used to throw up a thesis. Not to forget, theMicrosoft Power Point and Corel Draw is important as well. These 2 software are use for making slides which can be used for theProject Presentation and Poster as well.It is well know that the communication and information sharing is very important in order to complete a certain project efficient andpreserve valuable time. That is why the email and Messenger is provided in order to provide this functionality. There are manyproviders. For example, they can be Yahoo Inc., Microsoft MSN, and Google and so on.The following are my skills that I have gained in Computing; Software programming (Basic Programming, C++) Microsoft Visual Basic Microsoft Project Microsoft Power Point CorelDraw Graphic Suite X3 Protel 99 SE Matlab Student 5.3 Eagle Layout Editor, And so on..... 21
  22. 22. Portfolio – computer competenceFor an engineer, the fluency in current computer based word processing is vital for documentation and also good in graphic design helps them to present the idea to theaudience both technical and non technical in a clearer view. For me, I have a fluency in word based processing such as Microsoft Words (Shown in Figure 2) fordocumentation, Microsoft Excel Spreadsheet (shown in Figure 1) and also Microsoft Power Point Presentation (Shown in Figure 3). All of the stated above enhance me tomake my oral presentation to my supervisor and fellow students (MS PowerPoint), present a graph figure to prove a theory found (MS Excel) and documentation of mythesis during undergraduate studies (MS Words).As we all know pictures and graphics speaks a thousand words. Therefore for an engineer to present an idea, all they need to do is present them in graphic form. There are afew graphic software that I‟ve learned and able to deliver some model by using them. They are namely 3D Drawing using Google Sketch Up (Figure 4), PCB Layout andschematic design using Protel 99 (Figure 5), Circuit Simulation using MultiSIM 7(Figure 6), and simulation of source code using 8051IDE Simulator (Figure 7).The 3D-Drawing using Google Sketch Up enhances me to present my idea in a 3D view where I present my idea of my final year project in dept to my audiences. The layoutof my project is drawn by this software as referred to Figure 4. I‟ve used the Protel 99 software to model my PCB Layout and schematic. Figure 5 shows the PCB Layout ofmy circuit name Control Panel. In this software all I need is to draw the schematic and the entire program can route the PCB layout for me. This will then ease my workloadand result obtained is up to the requirement.MultiSIM 7 is used to simulate my result of the stepper motor as shown in Figure 6. From this simulation I can verify my results obtained from the experiment with the resultobtain from the simulation. Circuit needs to be drawn in order to simulate the result using MultiSIM 7. 8051 IDE Simulator is used to simulate the Pentium AssemblyLanguage and if the error in the source code that I‟ve written the appropriate error will be flagged in that particular register. I‟ve used this simulator to track the error duringdesigning the software for the 8051 microcontroller as shown in Figure 7. 22
  23. 23. Portfolio – creativity and innovationCreativity is “the ability to make or otherwise bring into existence something new, whether a newsolution to a problem, a new method or device, or a new artistic object or form”, while an innovation is“the successful exploitation of [the] new idea.” (ukIDEA, 2006). Thus it is clear to see that innovationdoesn‟t exist without creativity. In this reflective piece I will take an example of a group project I wasinvolved in to illustrate my abilities to use creativity to produce an innovative product.In my first year of my engineering degree a team of six people including myself were given the chanceto design a method to harvest olives. At the time, research found that there were only two main methodsto harvest olives firstly to use a mechanical harvester or using secondly to use a handheld rake. Bothmethods showed large undesirable characteristics, because the mechanical harvester was found todamage the olive trees and the fruit and also required level ground to operate, while the rake requiredlarge amounts of manual labor and once the olives had been picked they had to be collected in someway.To come up with a creative idea, the team created a survey to send out to olive growers to identify theinformation about their crop including their preferred method of harvest, they amount of trees they haveand the amount of fruit they expect to pick each season. After correlating the results and undergoing ourown research, the team was able to brainstorm on the survey results gathered and the olive harvestingmethods already available to come up with the final design direction The final design direction using a„rake-like‟ approach and each member of the group was sent away to design and come up with theirown creative ideas. After meeting again with the team and each of us presenting our creative ideas, oneof my ideas was voted the highest design and with slight modifications a final design was produced.The evidence included in this report shows the original sketches of my creative and innovative design,which used a rake-and-suction collection system to harvest the olives. This method still involved rakingthe trees but time and effort was reduced when it came to collecting the olives as the suction system(that used the PTO on the back of a tractor) collected the olives immediately and didn‟t damage thetrees nor olives as much as the mechanical harvester. Hence the team was able to create an affordableand practical solution to olive picking. 23
  24. 24. Portfolio – creativity and innovation Hydraulic Electric Lifting Mechanism Pneumatic Power Source Petrol Engine In a recent project I used several creative thinking techniques to Screw Auger Lever Manual stimulate my thoughts and aid in the solution generation process. Pulley The attached evidence includes a brainstorming activity I did while designing a premixer. This exercise was surprisingly useful and gave me many good ideas and highlighted which aspects of the design Cost were of the most importance. The benefit of creative thinking Low sales cost exercises is that even when I seem to be suffering from „writers Low Manufacturing block‟, it stimulates the thought process and can produce some clever Materials ideas that may not have been thought of previously because the focus remained on existing concepts. The application of these exercises in the work place would be crucial to exploring all avenues and producing a superior solution. Premixer Specifications Another interesting problem solving technique is TRIZ. It is defined as the theory of inventive problem solving and can be thought of Materials more as an enhancement technique. My group and I used this method to improve certain aspects of a car hoist, to simplify the Carbon Fibre o Lightweight design and produce alternative solutions. This system can be applied o High strength to almost any machine, process or problem and works by suggesting o Expensive Mild Steel ways for solving technical contradictions. I am not yet proficient in Structure/Stability o Strong o Easily manufactured this method but I can certainly see the benefits from the application o Heavy Tripod legs to engineering industry. o Low cost Attachment to mixer Aluminium Guy ropes o Strong Safety Strong construction o Lightweight Low centre of gravity o Low cost Low loading height Warning labels Stable construction Pinch points Easily lifted and dumped 24
  25. 25. Start of semester details Number of valid responses Total class enrolment Response rate 48 79 60.8 percent Mean age Standard deviation Age range Median Age 26.3 years 7.94 years 20 to 50 years 23 years Characteristic Respondent sample Class population Significance testFemale 6.4 percent 5.1 percent Small sample BinomialMale 93.6 percent 94.9 percent p > 0.43On-campus 68.8 percent 65.8 percent Chi square testOff-campus 31.2 percent 34.2 percent χ21 = 0.12, p > 0.73 25
  26. 26. Previously used hardcopy portfolio? 100% 80% % Agreement 60% Pre-test Post-test 40% 14.6% 20% 0% 1 2 3 4 5 6 71. Previously used hardcopy portfolio? 5. Aware that Deakin University has a list of graduate attributes?2. Previously used electronic portfolio? 6. Link between study & assessment, and development of GAs?3. Aware of the concept of graduate attributes? 7. Understand the purpose of a student professional portfolio?4. Aware that Engineers Australia has a list of graduate attributes? 26
  27. 27. Previously used electronic portfolio? 100% 80% % Agreement 60% Pre-test Post-test 40% 14.6% 14.6% 20% 0% 1 2 3 4 5 6 71. Previously used hardcopy portfolio? 5. Aware that Deakin University has a list of graduate attributes?2. Previously used electronic portfolio? 6. Link between study & assessment, and development of GAs?3. Aware of the concept of graduate attributes? 7. Understand the purpose of a student professional portfolio?4. Aware that Engineers Australia has a list of graduate attributes? 27
  28. 28. Aware of graduate attributes? 100% 80% % Agreement 60% Pre-test Post-test 45.8% 40% 14.6% 14.6% 20% 0% 1 2 3 4 5 6 71. Previously used hardcopy portfolio? 5. Aware that Deakin University has a list of graduate attributes?2. Previously used electronic portfolio? 6. Link between study & assessment, and development of GAs?3. Aware of the concept of graduate attributes? 7. Understand the purpose of a student professional portfolio?4. Aware that Engineers Australia has a list of graduate attributes? 28
  29. 29. Engineers Aust. has graduate attributes? 100% 80% % Agreement 60% Pre-test 52.1% Post-test 45.8% 40% 14.6% 14.6% 20% 0% 1 2 3 4 5 6 71. Previously used hardcopy portfolio? 5. Aware that Deakin University has a list of graduate attributes?2. Previously used electronic portfolio? 6. Link between study & assessment, and development of GAs?3. Aware of the concept of graduate attributes? 7. Understand the purpose of a student professional portfolio?4. Aware that Engineers Australia has a list of graduate attributes? 29
  30. 30. Deakin has graduate attributes? 100% 80% % Agreement 60% Pre-test 52.1% Post-test 45.8% 40% 33.3% 14.6% 14.6% 20% 0% 1 2 3 4 5 6 71. Previously used hardcopy portfolio? 5. Aware that Deakin University has a list of graduate attributes?2. Previously used electronic portfolio? 6. Link between study & assessment, and development of GAs?3. Aware of the concept of graduate attributes? 7. Understand the purpose of a student professional portfolio?4. Aware that Engineers Australia has a list of graduate attributes? 30
  31. 31. Study, assessment & graduate attributes? 100% 80% 66.7% % Agreement 60% Pre-test 52.1% Post-test 45.8% 40% 33.3% 14.6% 14.6% 20% 0% 1 2 3 4 5 6 71. Previously used hardcopy portfolio? 5. Aware that Deakin University has a list of graduate attributes?2. Previously used electronic portfolio? 6. Link between study & assessment, and development of GAs?3. Aware of the concept of graduate attributes? 7. Understand the purpose of a student professional portfolio?4. Aware that Engineers Australia has a list of graduate attributes? 31
  32. 32. 2005 AUQA audit of Deakin“…that Deakin University communicate tostudents more effectively the nature and aims ofthe Deakin Advantage [the then current name ofthe suite of Deakin’s graduate attributes] andassist them to document the discipline-specificand generic skills they are developingthroughout their course.” (Australian Universities Quality Agency, 2005, p. 19) 32
  33. 33. Study, assessment & graduate attributes? 100% 80% 66.7% % Agreement 60% Pre-test 52.1% Post-test 45.8% 40% 33.3% 14.6% 14.6% 20% 0% 1 2 3 4 5 6 71. Previously used hardcopy portfolio? 5. Aware that Deakin University has a list of graduate attributes?2. Previously used electronic portfolio? 6. Link between study & assessment, and development of GAs?3. Aware of the concept of graduate attributes? 7. Understand the purpose of a student professional portfolio?4. Aware that Engineers Australia has a list of graduate attributes? 33
  34. 34. Understand purpose of student portfolio? 100% 80% 66.7% % Agreement 60% Pre-test 52.1% Post-test 45.8% 43.8% 40% 33.3% 14.6% 14.6% 20% 0% 1 2 3 4 5 6 71. Previously used hardcopy portfolio? 5. Aware that Deakin University has a list of graduate attributes?2. Previously used electronic portfolio? 6. Link between study & assessment, and development of GAs?3. Aware of the concept of graduate attributes? 7. Understand the purpose of a student professional portfolio?4. Aware that Engineers Australia has a list of graduate attributes? 34
  35. 35. End of semester detailsNumber of valid responses Total class enrolment Response rate 50 70 71.4 percent Mean age Standard deviation Age range Median Age 25.3 years 7.24 years 20 to 50 years 22 years Characteristic Respondent sample Class population Significance testFemale 6.0 percent 5.7 percent Small sample BinomialMale 94.0 percent 94.3 percent p > 0.54On-campus 78.0 percent 72.9 percent Chi square testOff-campus 22.0 percent 27.1 percent χ21 = 0.41, p > 0.52 35
  36. 36. Understand purpose of student portfolio? 100% 80% 66.7% % Agreement 60% Pre-test 52.1% Post-test 45.8% 43.8% 40% 33.3% 14.6% 14.6% 20% 0% 1 2 3 4 5 6 71. Previously used hardcopy portfolio? 5. Aware that Deakin University has a list of graduate attributes?2. Previously used electronic portfolio? 6. Link between study & assessment, and development of GAs?3. Aware of the concept of graduate attributes? 7. Understand the purpose of a student professional portfolio?4. Aware that Engineers Australia has a list of graduate attributes? 36
  37. 37. Aware of graduate attributes? 100% 100.0% 80% 66.7% % Agreement 60% Pre-test 52.1% Post-test 45.8% 43.8% 40% 33.3% 14.6% 14.6% 20% 0% 1 2 3 4 5 6 71. Previously used hardcopy portfolio? 5. Aware that Deakin University has a list of graduate attributes?2. Previously used electronic portfolio? 6. Link between study & assessment, and development of GAs?3. Aware of the concept of graduate attributes? 7. Understand the purpose of a student professional portfolio?4. Aware that Engineers Australia has a list of graduate attributes? 37
  38. 38. Engineers Aust. has graduate attributes? 100% 100.0% 96.0% 80% 66.7% % Agreement 60% Pre-test 52.1% Post-test 45.8% 43.8% 40% 33.3% 14.6% 14.6% 20% 0% 1 2 3 4 5 6 71. Previously used hardcopy portfolio? 5. Aware that Deakin University has a list of graduate attributes?2. Previously used electronic portfolio? 6. Link between study & assessment, and development of GAs?3. Aware of the concept of graduate attributes? 7. Understand the purpose of a student professional portfolio?4. Aware that Engineers Australia has a list of graduate attributes? 38
  39. 39. Deakin has graduate attributes? 100% 100.0% 96.0% 94.0% 80% 66.7% % Agreement 60% Pre-test 52.1% Post-test 45.8% 43.8% 40% 33.3% 14.6% 14.6% 20% 0% 1 2 3 4 5 6 71. Previously used hardcopy portfolio? 5. Aware that Deakin University has a list of graduate attributes?2. Previously used electronic portfolio? 6. Link between study & assessment, and development of GAs?3. Aware of the concept of graduate attributes? 7. Understand the purpose of a student professional portfolio?4. Aware that Engineers Australia has a list of graduate attributes? 39
  40. 40. Study, assessment & graduate attributes? 100% 100.0% 96.0% 94.0% 94.0% 80% 66.7% % Agreement 60% Pre-test 52.1% Post-test 45.8% 43.8% 40% 33.3% 14.6% 14.6% 20% 0% 1 2 3 4 5 6 71. Previously used hardcopy portfolio? 5. Aware that Deakin University has a list of graduate attributes?2. Previously used electronic portfolio? 6. Link between study & assessment, and development of GAs?3. Aware of the concept of graduate attributes? 7. Understand the purpose of a student professional portfolio?4. Aware that Engineers Australia has a list of graduate attributes? 40
  41. 41. Understand purpose of student portfolio? 100% 100.0% 96.0% 94.0% 94.0% 96.0% 80% 66.7% % Agreement 60% Pre-test 52.1% Post-test 45.8% 43.8% 40% 33.3% 14.6% 14.6% 20% 0% 1 2 3 4 5 6 71. Previously used hardcopy portfolio? 5. Aware that Deakin University has a list of graduate attributes?2. Previously used electronic portfolio? 6. Link between study & assessment, and development of GAs?3. Aware of the concept of graduate attributes? 7. Understand the purpose of a student professional portfolio?4. Aware that Engineers Australia has a list of graduate attributes? 41
  42. 42. E-portfolio – frequency of usage 50%Proportion of respondents 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Daily Weekly Monthly Other Frequency of access 42
  43. 43. E-portfolio – ease of use Mean = 3.98; SD = 0.74 Proportion of respondents 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% 1 2 3 4 5 Ease of use (1=very difficult; 5=extremely easy) 43
  44. 44. A couple of student comments“I…thought the portfolio was an excellent idea,as I hadn’t realised how much I have achieveduntil I did it. It will help me immensely in puttingtogether a resume.”“Made me feel like I am working towardssomething, and haven’t been wasting time.” 44
  45. 45. ConclusionsA trial of an online student portfolio as a meansof engaging undergraduate engineeringstudents with the concept of graduate attributeswas undertakenThe awareness of issues relating to graduateattributes rose dramatically from the beginningof the semester 45
  46. 46. ConclusionsThe online portfolio system has helped somestudents better appreciate the entirety of theirwork during their studies, and how it relates totangible outcomes like employabilityThese results suggest one strategy that can beused to raise awareness and studentengagement with graduate attributes 46
  47. 47. Thank you for your time 47

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