Needlestick Prevention

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This is a training module for volunteers at the Open Door clinic.

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Needlestick Prevention

  1. 1. Volunteer Training Module Open Door Clinic Needlestick Prevention
  2. 2. Prevention of Needlestick Injuries • Needlestick injuries that occur immediately after an injection are more likely to spread disease caused by blood-borne pathogens • Needlesticks from trash piles may cause injury and infection from germs in the environment • Needlesticks may occur through • Recapping used syringes and needles • Carrying used syringes and needles • Insecure positioning of the patient—particularly children • Disposal practices that leave syringes and needles accessible to the public or to grazing animals
  3. 3. Minimize Handling • Place a needle-disposal box at the immunization work area of every immunizer to permit immediate disposal of used syringes and needles. • Do not manually remove the contaminated needle from the syringe. • Do not walk around the immunization area or work site carrying used syringes. • Do not recap syringes. • Put the needle and syringe in the vial, in the patient, and in the disposal box without setting it down in between steps. • Do not manually sort medical waste.
  4. 4. Physical Layout of Work Area • The immunizer is between the patient and all needles or sharp objects • The immunizer can see the entrance hole of the needle-disposal container • The worker can dispose of used needles without setting them down or taking a step • Only one patient at a time • Each immunizer should have her/his own needle- disposal container
  5. 5. Plan for Patient Flow Separate exits and entrances Separate registration table from injection table Arrange comfortable waiting area
  6. 6. Positioning Patients • Position the patient securely before giving the injection. • Health workers cannot hold children because they need both hands for the injection. • Always tell a patient when you are about to give them an injection.
  7. 7. After Injection Never recap, bend, or manually remove the needle from a used syringe.
  8. 8. Quick Check Summary Who is at risk? Why have help holding a child? How might needlesticks best be prevented?

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