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Hybrid solar wind power generation system

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Hybrid Power generation System

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Hybrid solar wind power generation system

  1. 1. HYBRID SOLAR-WIND POWER GENERATION SYSTEM BY: SAURABH PANDEY 12/EE/70 1
  2. 2. CONTENTS  INTRODUCTION  SOLAR ENERGY  WIND ENERGY  THE HYBRID SYSTEM  CONCLUSION  FUTURE PROSPECTS  REFERENCES 2
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION  ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION DUE TO THE CONVENTIONAL SOURCES OF ENERGY AND ITS LIMITED QUANTITY HAS SHIFTED OUR FOCUS TOWARDS NON-CONVENTIONAL SOURCES OF ENERGY, WHICH ARE IN PLENTY.  DUE TO THE RISE IN PRICE OF FOSSIL FUEL, ITS EXHAUSTIVE NATURE AND FACTORS CONCERNING ENERGY SECURITY, THE IMPORTANCE OF RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES IS INCREASING.  THE MAIN MOTIVATION BEHIND THIS PRESENTATION IS THE COMBINATION OF TWO RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES OF ENERGY, SO THAT GENERATION COULD BE INCREASED, BE MORE EFFICIENT ALONG WITH BEING QUITE CHEAP. 3
  4. 4. SOLAR ENERGY  ONLY ONE-FIFTH OF SUN’S ENERGY FALLS ON LAND BUT IT IS STILL 2000 TIMES GREATER THAN TOTAL WORLD ENERGY DEMAND.  SOLAR ENERGY IS ENVIRONMENT FRIENDLY. WHEN IN USE, IT DOES NOT RELEASE CO2 AND OTHER GASES WHICH POLLUTE THE AIR. HENCE IT IS VERY SUITABLE FOR INDIA, INDIA BEING ONE OF THE MOST POLLUTED COUNTRIES OF THE WORLD.  SOLAR POWER IS INEXHAUSTIBLE. IN AN ENERGY DEFICIENT COUNTRY LIKE INDIA, WHERE POWER GENERATION IS COSTLY, SOLAR ENERGY IS THE BEST ALTERNATE MEANS OF POWER GENERATION.  THREE MAIN TECHNOLOGIES DEVELOPED TO HARNESS SOLAR ENERGY ARE PASSIVE SOLAR, SOLAR THERMAL AND PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES. 4
  5. 5. LIMITATIONS:  SOLAR ENERGY IS NOT PREDICTABLE AND ALSO THE POWER GENERATION DEPENDS ON THE AMOUNT OF SUNLIGHT. THUS THERE IS NO GENERATION DURING NIGHTS AND OVERCAST CONDITIONS  THE EFFICIENCY IS ONLY 20% AND THE PAYBACK PERIOD IS LARGE (AROUND 8-10 YEARS) 5
  6. 6. WIND ENERGY  WIND ENERGY IS GENERATED DUE TO UNEVEN HEATING OF THE EARTH’S SURFACE AND IT CAN BE USED TO GENERATE ELECTRICITY USING WIND TURBINE.  WIND POWER PROJECTS CAN BE VERY STIMULATING FOR LOCAL ECONOMIES.  THE INSTALLED WIND POWER CAPACITY OF INDIA IS 23444 MW AS OF 2014 . THE EFFICIENCY OF THE SYSTEM IS AROUND 60%.  WIND ENERGY IS ENVIRONMENT FRIENDLY AND DOES NOT CAUSE GREEN HOUSE GASES. 6
  7. 7. LIMITATIONS:  THE WIND IS IRREGULAR AND CONSISTENT WIND IS NEEDED FOR CONTINUOUS POWER GENERATION.  LARGE AREA IS REQUIRED FOR SETTING UP OF A WIND GENERATION SYSTEM PLUS THE CAPITAL COST IS ALSO QUITE HIGH. 7
  8. 8. THE HYBRID SYSTEM  UTILITY CONNECTED WITH BATTERY BANK. THEREFORE BACKUP IS PROVIDED IF THE UTILITY GRID GOES DOWN AND ALSO IF THE WEATHER IS INSUFFICIENT FOR SOLAR AND WIND SYSTEMS  THE COMBINATION OF THE TWO SYSTEMS NOT ONLY UTILISES THE ADVANTAGES OF BOTH OF THEM, BUT ALSO REDUCES THE LIMTATIONS OF EACH OF THEM  THE DESIGN AND INSTALLATION MAY BE EXPENSIVE AND COMPLEX, BUT THEY ARE EFFECTIVE IN PROVIDING CONTINUOUS AND RELIABLE ELECTRICITY ALONG WITH REDUCED CARBON EMISSION  UPTO 72000 KWH OF ENERGY CAN BE SAVED USING THIS SYSTEM.  THE PAYBACK PERIOD IS ONLY ABOUT 5 YEARS.  EASY TO OPERATE AND MAINTAIN,ECO-FRIENDLY,NO POLLUTION AND NO RECURRING FUEL COSTS 8
  9. 9. THE HYBRID SYSTEM INCLUDES:  PV-ARRAY: A NUMBER OF PV PANELS ARE CONNECTED IN SERIES OR PARALLEL AND IN PROPER ORIENTATION, GIVING A DC OUTPUT OF INCIDENT RADIATION. EFFICIENCY IS ONLY 14%  WIND TURBINE: INSTALLED ON TOP OF A TALL TOWER. COLLECTS KINETIC ENERGY FROM THE WIND AND CONVERTS IT TO ELECTRICITY COMPATIBLE TO THE CONSUMERS’ ELECTRICAL SYSTEM.  AERO-WIND GENERATOR: AN ELECTRIC GENERATOR , WHICH IS DIRECTLY CONNECTED TO THE PROPELLER SHAFT, WHICH IN TURN ROTATES THE ROTOR OF THE GENERATOR AND GIVES DC OUTPUT 9
  10. 10.  SOLAR AND WIND CONTROLLER: CONTROLS BATTERY BANK CHARGE AND DISCHARGE REASONABLY AND SAFELY.  BATTERY BANK: SINGLE BATTERY OR MULTIPLE BATTERIES CONNECTED TOGETHER TO PROVIDE BACKUP IN EMERGENCY CASES. AS WELL STORE CHARGE DURING PEAK OUTPUT PERIOD  INVERTER: A POWER CONVERTER THAT INVERTS THE DC POWER FROM PANELS INTO AC POWER. 10
  11. 11. APPLICATIONS  REMOTE AND RURAL VILLAGE ELECTRIFICATION  RESIDENTIAL COLONIES AND APARTMENTS’ GENERAL LIGHTING  STREET LIGHTING  TRANSMISSION AND COMMUNICATION TOWER 11
  12. 12. CONCLUSION  BECAUSE OF THE SOMEWHAT COMPLEMENTARY NATURE OF THE SEASONAL PROFILE, THE COMBINATION OF WIND AND SOLAR IS BETTER THAN EACH INDIVIDUALLY  HIGHER EFFICIENCY THAN INDIVIDUAL SYSTEMS  UNDER THE CIRCUMSTANCE OF POWER FAILURE THIS HYBRID SYSTEM KEEPS THE CONTINUITY OF SUPPLY 12
  13. 13. FUTURE PROSPECTS  THE GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION OF INDIA IS IDEAL FOR TAPPING SOLAR ENERGY EFFECTIVELY. THERE IS ALSO ENORMOUS POTENTIAL FOR HARNESSING ELECTRICAL POWER FROM WIND.  EFFICIENCY OF PV CELLS CAN BE INCREASED FOR BETTER HARNESSING OF SOLAR ENERGY  WIND POWER BEING INTERMITTENT, INTERCONNECTED GROUPS OF WIND TURBINES OVER EXTENDED AREAS CAN BE USED TO ENSURE A GUARANTEED MINIMUM POWER  RESEARCH MAY BE UNDERTAKEN TO REDUCE THE INSTALLATION COST OF THE HYBRID SYSTEM SUBSTANTIALLY. 13
  14. 14. REFERENCES  The Economic Analysis of Wind Solar Hybrid Power Generation System in Villa.pdf  Optimization of Solar Wind Hybrid System for Distributed Generation.pdf  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_cell_efficiency  CASE STUDY OF SOLAR WIND HYBRID SYSTEM.pdf  http://site.uottawa.ca/~rhabash/HybridSystem.pdf 14
  15. 15. THANK YOU!!

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