sp10weldedwirefabric

660 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
660
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
6
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

sp10weldedwirefabric

  1. 1. Visual Dictionary<br />BSCI 2300<br />April 26, 2010<br />
  2. 2. Air Barrier Paper<br />Air Barrier Paper – an external membrane applied to the sheathing below the veneer which serves as a weather barrier and helps to prevent air infiltration into the home. <br />
  3. 3. Attic Ventilation<br />Attic Ventilation – Serves to allow water vapor to escape and to allow the hot attic air to escape by providing an intake at the eaves through the soffit vents which allows the warmer air to escape through the roof vents.<br />
  4. 4. Attic Ventilation<br />Soffit Vent – Allows air into the attic so that the warmer air can be pushed out through the vents placed higher on the roof<br />
  5. 5. Attic Ventilation<br />Ridge Vent – Allows hot attic air to escape through a gap in the ridge decking<br />
  6. 6. Attic Ventilation<br />Gable Vent – Allows hotter attic air to escape and prevents buildup of heat conducted through the roof of the structure<br />
  7. 7. Attic Ventilation<br />Roof Turbine – allows the air to escape by drawing it out through the roof like a fan<br />
  8. 8. Backhoe<br />Backhoe – Heavy machinery used for excavation in smaller site clearing projects like tree removal and used to dig footings and some basement excavation. Bucket Width = 24’’<br />
  9. 9. Batter Boards<br />Batter Boards – A temporary frame built just outside the corners of a foundation excavation. They are used to make sure the structure is square and to also carry the lines of a footing from corner to corner.<br />
  10. 10. Brick Arches<br />Roman Arch<br />
  11. 11. Brick Arches<br />Segmental Arch<br />
  12. 12. Brick Arches<br />Roman Arch w / Keystone<br />
  13. 13. Brick Arches<br />Centering- The temporary framework that supports an arch while it is being built<br />
  14. 14. Brick Bonds<br />Stacked Bond – Stretchers that are stacked on top of each other<br />
  15. 15. Brick Bonds<br />Running Bond – Continuous row of stretchers with every other row offset one half brick<br />
  16. 16. Brick Bonds<br />Rowlocks<br />
  17. 17. Brick Bonds<br />Headers<br />
  18. 18. Brick Bonds<br />Soldier<br />
  19. 19. Brick Bonds<br />Sailors<br />
  20. 20. Brick Bonds<br />Shiners<br />
  21. 21. Brick Sizes<br />Utility – 3 1/2 Wx 3 1/2” Hx 11 1/2” L<br />
  22. 22. Brick Sizes<br />King Size 3” W x 2 5/8” Hx 9 5/8” L <br />
  23. 23. Bulldozer<br />Bulldozer – heavy machinery used during site prep. It is used to level the dirt off by grading with the front blade and pushing dirt around small areas of the construction site.<br />
  24. 24. Cladding<br />Brick Clad <br />
  25. 25. Cladding<br />EIFS<br />
  26. 26. Cladding<br />StoneClad- Random Rubble<br />
  27. 27. Cladding<br />Wood Board Clad<br />
  28. 28. Cladding<br />Wood Shingle<br />Wood Shake – small shingle split from a block of wood, which gives a rough texture and uneven depths<br />Wood Shingle – sawn shingle, typically more smooth and uniform; also larger in size<br />
  29. 29. Code Requirements<br />Windows : minimum opening of 5.7 square feet (5.0 if sill is less than 44” AFF)<br />Opening width 20” minimum & opening height 24” minimum.<br />Actual Measurements – 26” h x 32” w x 36” AFF.<br />Total Area : 5.78 sq. ft.<br />The window meets the code requirements<br />
  30. 30. Code Requirements<br />Code requirements – Riser Height 7 ¾” maximum Tread Depth 10” nosing to nosing<br />Actual measurements – Riser Height of 7 5/8 tread depth 11 5/8” (no overhang) gives 11 5/8”. Therefore, the stair is in compliance with the code.<br />
  31. 31. Concrete Joints<br />Control Joint – a designed cut in concrete to weaken the slab at that point in an attempt to prevent cracking elsewhere in the concrete<br />
  32. 32. Construction Joints<br />Isolation joints - separate concrete from objects or structures, and allow independent movement without any connection that could cause damage to either object. This one isolates the concrete slab from the brick wall.<br />
  33. 33. Concrete Masonry Unit<br />CMU – a block of hardened concrete designed to be laid up like regular masonry brick. The hollow cores allow for the block walls to be filled with concrete for additional strength. CMU is more economical for foundation walls than cast concrete, and when laid by a proper mason, one course of block is equal to 3 courses of standard brick w/ a 3/8” mortar joint. A typical block is 8” x 8” x 16” with a 3/8” mortar joint.<br />
  34. 34. ConcreteMasonryUnit<br />4 inch cmu and 8 inch cmu<br />
  35. 35. Decorative CMU<br />Split Block<br />
  36. 36. Decorative CMU<br />Ribbed Block<br />
  37. 37. Doors<br />Flush Door<br />
  38. 38. Doors<br />Top Rail<br />Style<br />Panel<br />Lock Rail<br />Bottom Rail <br />exterior panel door<br />
  39. 39. Doors<br />Transom – A small window directly over a door <br />
  40. 40. Doors<br />Sidelight – A tall, narrow widow running alongside a door<br />
  41. 41. Electrical Components<br />Underground Transformer Box – Steps down the electricity from a few thousand volts to the 110v / 220v service needed for the home <br />
  42. 42. Electrical Components<br />Service Head – Brings the electricity into the meter and isolates that particular residence through an in-line fuse which prevents the house wiring from interfering with other structures on the grid<br />Meter – Measures how much electricity is being used<br />
  43. 43. Electrical Components<br />Service Panel – the point where the electricity enters the home. The panel distributes the electricity throughout the home through individual circuits. <br />
  44. 44. Electrical Components<br />Duplex Receptacle – where the power is accessed in the home<br />
  45. 45. Framing Elements<br />Subfloor<br />#1 Anchor Bolt<br />#2 Sill Plate<br />#3 Floor Joist<br />
  46. 46. FramingElements<br />#4 Subflooring<br />
  47. 47. Framing Elements<br />#5 Sole Plate<br />#6 Stud<br />#7 Top Plate<br />
  48. 48. Framing Elements<br />#8 Unfinished Stringer<br />
  49. 49. Framing Elements<br />#9 Ceiling Joist<br />
  50. 50. Framing Elements<br />#10 Rafter<br />
  51. 51. Farming Elements<br />#11 Roof Decking<br />#12 Sheathing<br />
  52. 52. Front End Loader<br />Front End Loader – used for transporting piles of dirt or other material across a jobsite. The hydraulic arms on the bucket allows the ability to place material at a raised elevation – useful for loading dump trucks and backfilling retaining walls. Unlike a bulldozer, a loader has the ability to scoop dirt out of the ground and move it to another location rather than spreading it around an area <br />
  53. 53. Gypsum Board<br />Gypsum Board – An interior finish board made from a gypsum core sandwiched between two paper faces.<br />
  54. 54. Heat Pump<br />Compressor – compresses the refrigerant gas which gives off heat, thus cooling the air as it blows across the cooler coils at the air handler<br />-One main disadvantage of the heat pump system is that it is noisy. One must take into account where to place the outside compressors to avoid noise intrusion into the home. <br />-One advantage of heat pump systems is that it is the most efficient way to heat and cool a home<br />
  55. 55. Heat Pump<br />Air Handler – Forces the air through the system with the use of a blower fan. Also, cooler air is blown across a heating element inside the air handler to warm it up before distributing it through the ductwork<br />
  56. 56. Insulation<br />Batt Insulation<br />Insulation is used to create the thermal envelope for the house to reduce air infiltration/ heat loss in the home<br />
  57. 57. Insulation<br />Loose Fill<br />
  58. 58. Insulation<br />Foamed Insulation<br />
  59. 59. Insulation<br />Rigid Board Insulation<br />
  60. 60. Lintel<br />Steel Lintel – A beam that carries the load of the wall across a door or window<br />
  61. 61. Mortar<br />Extruded Joint – This house used a 3/8” joint neither tooled or trowledwith type ‘M’ mortar<br />
  62. 62. Mortar<br />Concave joint – this oil changing building has a 3/8” tooled mortar joint with type S mortar<br />
  63. 63. Oriented Strand Board<br />OSB – a nonveneered panel made up of long strands of wood particles which are compressed and glued together in several layers, with each layer oriented opposite the direction of the previous layer for strength<br />
  64. 64. Plumbing<br />Lavatory – uses 1 ½” drain pipe<br />
  65. 65. Plumbing<br />Water Closet – uses 3” pipe to drain<br />
  66. 66. Plumbing<br />
  67. 67. Plumbing<br />Vent Through Roof – allows air to enter the plumbing system which lets the water drain from the pipes<br />
  68. 68. Plumbing<br />Drop-in kitchen sink<br />
  69. 69. Plywood<br />Plywood – manufactured by gluing thin veneers of wood together, rotating each layer 90 degrees so that the grain in the wood does not run the same in each layer. This provides greater strength and equalizes moisture movement<br />Veneer – a thin layer or facing<br />
  70. 70. RadiantBarrier<br />Radiant Barrier – is a reflective barrier that comes any many forms. Its designed to keep heat out in the summer and keep heat in in the winter. Its usually installed in the attic.<br />
  71. 71. Rebar<br />#4 rebar (1/2” thickness) The purpose of the deformations is where the concrete will bond to it better.<br />
  72. 72. Steep Roof Drainage<br />Gutter<br />Downspout<br />Gutter – a channel which collects rainwater at the eave of a roof<br />Downspout – A vertical pipe for conducting the rainwater from the gutter to a lower level discharge point<br />
  73. 73. Steep Roof Drainage<br />Splashblock – a precast concrete block used to dissipate the water at the downspout’s discharge point<br />
  74. 74. Steep Roof Materials<br />Underlayment – A thin layer of waterproof material laid between the roof deck and roofing. It allows to get the house in the dry so progress will not be held up due to inclement weather and protects the building before the roofing is applied<br />
  75. 75. Steep Roof Materials<br />Clay Tile Roof<br />
  76. 76. Steep Roof Material<br />Shingle – A water resistant material nailed in an overlapping pattern with other like materials to make the roof watertight.<br />Wood Shingle Roof<br />
  77. 77. Steep Roof Materials<br />Metal Panel Roof – Aluminum Steel<br />
  78. 78. Steep Roof Shapes<br />Gable Roof<br />
  79. 79. Steep Roof Shapes<br />Gambrel Roof<br />
  80. 80. Steep Roof Shapes<br />Hip Roof<br />
  81. 81. Steep Roof Shapes<br />Mansard Roof<br />
  82. 82. Steep Roof Terms<br />Ridge – the level intersection of roof planes<br />Valley – the sloping intersection of roof planes when water runs to it<br />Eave – the level, low edge of the roof<br />
  83. 83. Steep Roof Terms<br />Rake – The Sloping edge of a steep roof<br />
  84. 84. Steep Roof Terms<br />Fascia – the exposed vertical face of the eave<br />Soffit – the undersurface of a roof overhang, installed to enclose the rafter tails<br />
  85. 85. Steep Roof Terms<br />No Fascia – house with exposed rafter tails<br />
  86. 86. Stone<br />Random Rubble Pattern<br />
  87. 87. Stone<br />Coursed Rubble Pattern<br />
  88. 88. Stone<br />Random Ashlar Pattern<br />
  89. 89. Stone<br />Coursed Ashlar<br />
  90. 90. Vapor Retarder<br />Vapor Retarder – put in place to reduce the passage of air and water vapor through the building assembly to prevent condensation. It is usually placed to the inside of the building.<br />
  91. 91. Waterproofing<br />Waterproofing – installed to prevent the passage of water through the CMU into a basement or crawlspace. This is an example of liquid applied <br />
  92. 92. Weep Hole<br />Weep hole – a small opening in the brick veneer to allow accumulated water from the building to escape <br />
  93. 93. Welded Wire Fabric<br />WWF – 6” x 6” grid<br />
  94. 94. Windows<br />Double Hung Window<br />Wood clad<br />Both the top & bottom sash open<br />
  95. 95. Windows<br />Casement Window<br />Vinyl Clad<br />The window cranks out from a side hinge<br />
  96. 96. Windows<br />Single Hung<br />Wood clad<br />Only the bottom sash is operable<br />

×