What is the Rainforest ? The tropical rainforest is a natural vegetation. It provides the most luxuriant vegetation found on the earth. The trees in the rainforest have to adapt to the envriment. Trees can grow over 40 metres in the effort to get sunlight. In the forest there are four main layers, the emergent, canopy, under canopy, shrub layer.
Because of these the rainforest is in harm Mining Logging Cattle ranching Peasant Farming
Mining The Amazon rainforest has developed a rich base of mineral resources. Iron is exported to countries for steel making. Vast areas have been cleared to gain access to these reserve.
Logging The great demand for tropical hardwood such as mahogany and rosewood. Five million hectares of forest are lost in the Amazon each year as a result.
Tree measuring The felling of a tree should only occur once it has reached a certain height. This ensures that younger trees survive.
Forest reserves These are areas of the forest which are completely protected from all activities. It can be protected by forest rangers. Forest reserve restricts any
Deforestation The main sources of deforestation in the Amazon are human settlement, Between 1991 and 2000, the total area of forest lost in the Amazon rose from 415,000 to 587,000 km². Their farming system was based on crop cultivation and the Slash and burn method.