Developing close encounters in … …  The upper city:  Mont des Arts & European Quarter Sofie Vermeulen
Outline <ul><li>Brussels: socio-spatial fragmentation </li></ul><ul><li>The European Quarter </li></ul><ul><li>The ‘ Mont ...
1. Canal 2. Arts-EU 3. Universities
European quarter
Setting
Public spaces - fragmented
European quarter <ul><li>Setting  : </li></ul><ul><li>division: centre – periphery; border = small ring road </li></ul><ul...
Population <ul><li>Population :  ↓  since ‘80s until 2001 (-35%) – since then slight   </li></ul><ul><li>Age structure : ...
Population
Socio-economic situation <ul><li>Housing: </li></ul><ul><li>   prices  4x (!) between 1990-1995   pushing factor on Mato...
European- quarter <ul><li>Diagnosis : </li></ul><ul><li>30 years  laissez-faire   office construction     poor quality of...
Mont des Arts - Museum-Quarter
Museum quarter - setting
Museum quarter <ul><li>Setting:   </li></ul><ul><li>division: up town >< down town </li></ul><ul><li>0.69 km² -  very low ...
Population <ul><li>Population :  ↓  since ‘80s until 2001 (-35%) – since then rather  steady </li></ul><ul><li>Households ...
Population
Socio-economic situation <ul><li>Population & Housing: </li></ul><ul><li>only 300 inhabitants    strong statistical fluct...
EU-quarter  Museum-quarter  <ul><li>Residents + users </li></ul><ul><li>Architecture & public spaces  of poor quality </li...
EU quarter: Public spaces
Discussion <ul><li>Hypotheses:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Free wireless access + full coverage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No i...
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iBrussels: workshop The upper city. EU-quarter & Museum-quarter

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iBrussels conference, 30 april 2009, VUB, Brussels.

Workshop 'The upper city'. Presentation of 2 neighboorhoods: the European quarter & the Museum quarter. Diagnosis & challenges. Notes on the workshop can be downloaded from: http://www.universitaireassociatiebrussel.eu/

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  • iBrussels: workshop The upper city. EU-quarter & Museum-quarter

    1. 1. Developing close encounters in … … The upper city: Mont des Arts & European Quarter Sofie Vermeulen
    2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Brussels: socio-spatial fragmentation </li></ul><ul><li>The European Quarter </li></ul><ul><li>The ‘ Mont des Arts ’ or ‘Museum Quarter’ </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion </li></ul>
    3. 3. 1. Canal 2. Arts-EU 3. Universities
    4. 4. European quarter
    5. 5. Setting
    6. 6. Public spaces - fragmented
    7. 7. European quarter <ul><li>Setting : </li></ul><ul><li>division: centre – periphery; border = small ring road </li></ul><ul><li>0,95 km² - low density (1.743 inhabitants, 2006) </li></ul><ul><li>Functions & facilities : </li></ul><ul><li>public transport hub (> 10 buslines, 3 metro stations, 2 railway-stations, taxi stop) </li></ul><ul><li>office space density = very high >< BCR-average </li></ul><ul><li>restaurants, shops, bars,… : upper-class clientele </li></ul><ul><li>touristic & scientific actors (Museum for Natural Sciences, Wiertz-museum, …) </li></ul><ul><li>social & health facilities = scarce </li></ul>
    8. 8. Population <ul><li>Population : ↓ since ‘80s until 2001 (-35%) – since then slight  </li></ul><ul><li>Age structure : very high share in 35-59 years old compared with BCR (36,1%, 2006) </li></ul>
    9. 9. Population
    10. 10. Socio-economic situation <ul><li>Housing: </li></ul><ul><li> prices 4x (!) between 1990-1995  pushing factor on Matongé neighbourhood </li></ul><ul><li>Employment: </li></ul><ul><li>unknown : working state of 25% of inhabitants (!) (Socio-economische enquête, 2001) </li></ul><ul><li>± 50.000 EU-related employees (Demey, 2007) </li></ul><ul><li>Income: </li></ul><ul><li>average income/declaration = high <> average BCR (€31.272/year) source:FOD Financiën, 2003 </li></ul>
    11. 11. European- quarter <ul><li>Diagnosis : </li></ul><ul><li>30 years laissez-faire office construction  poor quality of architecture & public spaces </li></ul><ul><li>mono-functional zone: yes & no </li></ul><ul><li>development = focused on USERS/EU-elite … (terraces, restaurants, bars, shops, … close in the evening & during weekend) >< use & population = diverse & complex </li></ul><ul><li>Challenge : </li></ul><ul><li>enclave + emptying of neighbourhood </li></ul><ul><li>Improving urbanity </li></ul><ul><li>Opening up towards city: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>+ Interaction EU-Bxl </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>+ Acceptance of EU </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>+ positive image of EU </li></ul></ul>Possible wireless applications … … in connected public spaces?
    12. 12. Mont des Arts - Museum-Quarter
    13. 13. Museum quarter - setting
    14. 14. Museum quarter <ul><li>Setting: </li></ul><ul><li>division: up town >< down town </li></ul><ul><li>0.69 km² - very low density - (294 inhabitants, 2006) </li></ul><ul><li>Functions & facilities : </li></ul><ul><li>± 16 museums on 3.000m² </li></ul><ul><li>7 art shops & 6 cafés/restaurants </li></ul><ul><li>scientific actors (Royal Library, General Archive, …) </li></ul><ul><li>congress hall (opening planned in Sept 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>vacant space: intermediate zones </li></ul>
    15. 15. Population <ul><li>Population : ↓ since ‘80s until 2001 (-35%) – since then rather steady </li></ul><ul><li>Households : ↓ since ’80s  general increase in smaller households </li></ul><ul><li>Age structure : very high share in 35-59 years old >< BCR (32,8%) </li></ul>
    16. 16. Population
    17. 17. Socio-economic situation <ul><li>Population & Housing: </li></ul><ul><li>only 300 inhabitants  strong statistical fluctuation </li></ul><ul><li>mainly instiutions </li></ul><ul><li>Employment: </li></ul><ul><li>Mainly in public sector (50%) </li></ul><ul><li>income: = high <> average BCR (average income/declaration: €36.333/year source: FOD Financiën, 2003 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Future development: (International Development Plan, 2007) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Show window on Brussels (BIP):  visitors & tourists;  local trade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prestigious Museum quarter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Congress centre (SQUARE – under construction) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commercial Neighbourhood </li></ul></ul>
    18. 18. EU-quarter Museum-quarter <ul><li>Residents + users </li></ul><ul><li>Architecture & public spaces of poor quality </li></ul><ul><li>Mono functionality: offices >< complex & diverse functioning </li></ul><ul><li>Challenge: </li></ul><ul><li>Emptying space </li></ul><ul><li>Opening up neighbourhood via public space </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid exclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Connecting public space: </li></ul><ul><li>Area de passage - USERS </li></ul><ul><li>Low # inhabitants </li></ul><ul><li>Mono functionality: museum, art shops, … BUT scientific actors, public space for youth, </li></ul><ul><li>Challenge & future plans … </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Show window’  which identity of Bxl ? </li></ul><ul><li>Congress place </li></ul><ul><li>Include scientific actors? </li></ul><ul><li>… </li></ul>
    19. 19. EU quarter: Public spaces
    20. 20. Discussion <ul><li>Hypotheses: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Free wireless access + full coverage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No increased health impacts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Possibilities of applications in EU-quarter? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: USE-IT? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Possibilities of applications in Museum-quarter? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: Berlin – interactive hike former wall, … </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Policy options? </li></ul><ul><li>… </li></ul>
    21. 21. Thanks for your attention [email_address]

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