Prestenseof Ar Verbs

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Prestenseof Ar Verbs

  1. 1. Present Tense of -ar Verbs P. 84 Realidades 1
  2. 2. VERBS <ul><li>A verb usually names the action in a sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>We call the verb that ends in -r the INFINITIVE </li></ul>
  3. 3. VERBS <ul><li>The INFINITIVE is the form you would find in a Spanish dictionary. </li></ul><ul><li>In English it means </li></ul><ul><li>“ to + (verb) ” </li></ul>
  4. 4. These are some INFINITIVES you already know: <ul><li>Enseñar </li></ul><ul><li>Estudiar </li></ul><ul><li>Hablar </li></ul><ul><li>Bailar </li></ul><ul><li>Cantar </li></ul><ul><li>Dibujar </li></ul><ul><li>Escuchar </li></ul><ul><li>Esquiar </li></ul><ul><li>Jugar </li></ul><ul><li>Montar </li></ul><ul><li>Nadar </li></ul><ul><li>Pasar tiempo </li></ul><ul><li>Patinar </li></ul><ul><li>And several more! </li></ul>
  5. 5. IN SPANISH: <ul><li>The last letter or letters of the verb tell you who does the action. </li></ul>
  6. 6. IN SPANISH: <ul><li>To change an INFINITIVE to a form that tells who is doing the action, remove the -ar and add the appropriate ending. </li></ul>
  7. 7. IN SPANISH: <ul><li>This action is called CONJUGATION </li></ul>
  8. 8. TO STUDY (English) <ul><li>I study </li></ul><ul><li>You study </li></ul><ul><li>He </li></ul><ul><li>She studies </li></ul><ul><li>it </li></ul><ul><li>We study </li></ul><ul><li>They study </li></ul>
  9. 9. ESTUDIAR (Spanish) <ul><li>Yo estudi o </li></ul><ul><li>Tú estudi as </li></ul><ul><li>Ud. </li></ul><ul><li>Él estudi a </li></ul><ul><li>Ella </li></ul><ul><li>Nosotros estudi amos </li></ul><ul><li>Nosotras </li></ul><ul><li>Vosotros estud áis </li></ul><ul><li>Vosotras </li></ul><ul><li>Uds. </li></ul><ul><li>Ellos estudi an </li></ul><ul><li>Ellas </li></ul>
  10. 10. STEM / ENDING <ul><li>For every INFINITIVE in Spanish there is a STEM and an ENDING. </li></ul>
  11. 11. STEM / ENDING <ul><li>For example, for “estudiar,”…”estudi” is the stem. </li></ul><ul><li>“ ar” is the ending. </li></ul>
  12. 12. STEM / ENDING <ul><li>So, the endings for -ar verbs are: </li></ul><ul><li>o, as, a, amos, áis, an </li></ul>
  13. 13. THE VOSOTROS <ul><li>Verb forms ending in áis , such as estudi áis , are used mainly in the country of Spain only. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Let’s CONJUGATE Some more -ar verbs!
  15. 15. TOCAR <ul><li>Yo toc o </li></ul><ul><li>Tú toc as </li></ul><ul><li>Ud. </li></ul><ul><li>Él toc a </li></ul><ul><li>Ella </li></ul><ul><li>Nosotros toc amos </li></ul><ul><li>nosotras </li></ul><ul><li>Vosotros toc áis </li></ul><ul><li>vosotras </li></ul><ul><li>Uds. </li></ul><ul><li>Ellos toc an </li></ul><ul><li>Ellas </li></ul>
  16. 16. Enseñar <ul><li>Yo enseñ o </li></ul><ul><li>Tú enseñ as </li></ul><ul><li>Ud. </li></ul><ul><li>Él enseñ a </li></ul><ul><li>Ella </li></ul><ul><li>Nosotros enseñ amos </li></ul><ul><li>Vosotros enseñ áis </li></ul><ul><li>Uds. </li></ul><ul><li>Ellos enseñ an </li></ul><ul><li>Ellas </li></ul>
  17. 17. NEGATING A SENTENCE <ul><li>When you want to say that you do not do something, use no before the verb form </li></ul>
  18. 18. NEGATING A SENTENCE <ul><li>Yo no cocino en la clase de educación física. </li></ul>
  19. 19. ASKING A QUESTION <ul><li>When we ask a question in Spanish, we usually put the subject after the verb or sometimes at the end of the sentence. </li></ul>
  20. 20. ASKING A QUESTION <ul><li>Cocina Juan en la clase de ciencias? </li></ul><ul><li>Estudia mucho Paulina ? </li></ul><ul><li>Verb Subject </li></ul>

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